Sanjak of Çirmen

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Sanjak of Çirmen
Ottoman Turkish: Liva-i Çirmen
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire

ca. 1371–1829
Capital Çirmen (Ormenio)
History
 -  Ottoman conquest ca. 1371
 -  Move of capital to Edirne 1829
Today part of  Bulgaria
 Greece
 Turkey

The Sanjak of Çirmen or Chirmen (Ottoman Turkish: Sancak-i/Liva-i Çirmen) was a second-level Ottoman province (sanjak or liva) encompassing the region of Çirmen (mod. Ormenio in Thrace. It was succeeded in 1829 by the Sanjak of Edirne.

History[edit]

The town of Çirmen (Greek Ormenion) was conquered from the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turks in 1371.[1] With some interruptions, it was thereafter the centre of a distinct province (sanjak), first of the Rumelia Eyalet, and after the early 17th century of the Özü Eyalet.[1] The province extended over most of the Rhodope mountains, the middle course of the Maritza and the upper course of the Tundzha, at times including the city Edirne (Adrianople), which, as a former imperial capital (until 1453) at other times was administered as an independent crown domain.[2] After the disbandment of Özü Eyalet in 1812, Çirmen belonged to Edirne Eyalet, and in 1829, its capital was moved to Edirne.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Birken (1976), p. 53
  2. ^ Birken (1976), pp. 53, 98
  3. ^ Birken (1976), pp. 84, 86

Sources[edit]

  • Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German) 13. Reichert. ISBN 9783920153568.