Sanjak of Avlona

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Not to be confused with Pashalik of Berat.
Sanjak of Avlona
sanjak of Ottoman Empire

1466–1913

Coat of arms of Sanjak of Avlona

Coat of arms

Location of Sanjak of Avlona
Capital Berat
History
 -  Construction of Elbasan Castle 1466
 -  First Balkan War 1913
Today part of  Albania

The Sanjak of Avlona (sometimes referred to as the Sanjak of Berat because of its county town[1]) was one of the sanjaks of the Ottoman Empire which county town was Berat in Albania. It was established in 1466, after the construction of the Elbasan Castle of the territory that belonged to the preceding Ottoman sanjak, Sanjak of Albania.

Territory[edit]

The territory of the Sanjak of Avlona extends between Shkumbin river on the north and Ceraunian Mountains on the south.[2]

This sanjak had two kazas: kaza of Berat[3] and kaza of Valona.[4] Before establishing of the Sanjak of Delvina in the middle of 16th century following towns (kazas) also belonged to the Sanjak of Avlona: Delvina, Gjirokastër, Myzeqe and Labëria.[5]

Politics[edit]

At the end of 15th century, in order to stimulate trading, Ottomans settled small community of Sephardi Jews.[6]

Gedik Ahmed Pasha was sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Avlona in 1479.[7] Bali Bey, son of Yahya Pasha, became sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Avlona in 1506.[8] Mehmed Beg Isaković, son of Isa-Beg Isaković, was appointed as sanjabey of Avlona in January 1516.[9] Muzaffer Pasha was sanjakbey of Avlona before he was appointed for the first governor of Cyprus in 1570, after Cyprus was captured by the Ottoman Empire.[10][11] Mustafa Pasha (Bin Abdullah), who had been on position of sanjakbey of Bosnia and Morea, was sanjakbey of Valona at the end of 16th century and beginning of 17th century.[12] Sari Ahmed Pasha was appointed as sanjakbey of Avlona at the end of 1712 and in the 1714 he was transferred to position of beglerbeg of Rumelia.[13] In the middle of the 18th century a sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Avlona was Ahmet Pasha Kurt from the Muzaka family who was later appointed to the position of derbendci aga (guardian of the mountain passes) which he held until the sultan appointed Ahemt's grandson, Ali Pasha Tepelena, instead of him.[14]

In 1809, the sanjakbey of the Avlona was Ibrahim Pasha.[15]

According to Eqrem Vlora members of his family were de facto (not de jure) sanjakbeys of Sanjak of Avlona in period 1481—1828.[16] In 1834 Mahmood Hamdi pasha was appointed to govern the Sanjak of Delvina, Yanina and Avlona.[17]

Ismail Qemali, first Prime Minister of Albania, was elected a member of Ottoman parliament in December 1908 for the Sanjak of Berat.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1842). The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Longman. p. 145. OCLC 499852560. Retrieved 12 September 2011. Ibrahim, an old infirm man, resided at Berat, and he is generally called pasha of Berat, but this is not correct, there being no sanjak of that name in Turkey 
  2. ^ The journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Volume 12. Great Britain: Royal Geographical Society. 1842. p. 69. Retrieved 12 September 2011. he sanjak or pashalik of Avlona, or Valona, extends over the most southern part of Albania, from the banks of the river Uskombin on the north, to the range of the Kimera mountains on the South. 
  3. ^ Čaušević, Ekrem; Nenad Moačanin; Vjeran Kursar (2010). Perspectives on Ottoman studies : papers from the 18th Symposium of the International Committee of Pre-Ottoman and Ottoman Studies (CIEPO) at the University of Zagreb 2008. Berlin: Comité international d'études pré-ottomanes et ottomanes. p. 772. ISBN 978-3-643-10851-7. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Kondis, Basil (1976). Greece and Albania, 1908-1914. Institute for Balkan Studies. p. 70. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Todorov, Nikolaĭ (1998). Society, the city and industry in the Balkans, 15th-19th centuries. Ashgate. p. 238. Retrieved 12 September 2011. the sandzak of Vlora included the regions Muzeqeja, Laberia (with Belgrad), Berat, Gjirokastra and Delvina. 
  6. ^ Smailagic, Nerkez (1990), Leksikon Islama (in Croatian), Sarajevo: Svjetlost, ISBN 978-86-01-01813-6, OCLC 25241734, retrieved 28 December 2011, Da bi potakla trgovinu, vlada je tu uspostavila malu židovsku koloniju od španjolskih izbjeglica (kraj15.st.) 
  7. ^ Setton, Kenneth M. (1978), The Papacy and the Levant (1204–1571), Volume II: The Fifteenth Century, DIANE Publishing, p. 340, ISBN 0-87169-127-2 
  8. ^ Çelebi, Evliya (1967). Svjetlost. p. 73 http://books.google.com/books?id=nFU6AQAAIAAJ&q=sand%C5%BEak+valonski&dq=sand%C5%BEak+valonski&hl=en&ei=eQluTrbGKIfIswbQyfHtBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA. Retrieved 12 September 2011. Izgleda da je Bali beg, onaj sin Jahja pašin što je 1506. postao valonski sandžak (Truhelka, Tursko-slovjenski spomenici dubrovačkog arhiva, Sarajevo 1911, str. 129)  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Brozović, Dalibor (1999). Hrvatska enciklopedija, Volume 1 (in Croatian). Leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža". p. 175. ISBN 978-953-6036-29-5. Retrieved 14 September 2011. Mehmed-beg...Od siječnja 1516. bio je sandžak-beg Valone, a od listopada 1516. sandžak-beg Jeruzalema i Gaze. Nakon toga živio je u Sarajevu, gdje je podigao džamiju te prvi bezistan pokraj Kolobara hana 
  10. ^ Celâl Güzel, Hasan; Cem Oğuz; Osman Karatay; Murat Ocak (2002). The Turks: Ottomans (2 v. ). Yeni Türkiye. ISBN 978-975-6782-55-2. Immediately after the fall of Lefkosa (Nicosia) on September 9, 1570, the Ottoman administration was started to be established97 and Cyprus was deemed as a province and Muzaffer Pasha, the Sancak Beg of Avlonia, was appointed as the 
  11. ^ Gibb. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Volume 2, Part 1. p. 305. Retrieved 12 September 2011. Cyprus was made elayet ... with Muzaffer Pasha as the first Ottoman Governor 
  12. ^ Prilozi: Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and arts. Section for Social Sciences, Volume 9 (in Macedonian). Makedonska akademija na naukite i umetnostite. Oddelenie za opštestveni nauki. 1978. p. 85. Retrieved 14 September 2011. Во својата службена кариера тој бил санџак-бег во разни области, на пример: Босна, Морсја, Валона, Драч нтн., така што достигнал и до функцијата везир. ...Презименето во Мустафа Паша му било "bin Abdullah" 
  13. ^ Viktor Novak, ed. (1971). Istoriski časopis, Volumes 18-19. Srpska akademija nauka. Istoriski institut. p. 312. Retrieved 14 September 2011. али су га Црногорци потукли на Цареву Лазу. Зато је, средином 1712, поново враћен под Хотин. Крајем исте године додељен му је санџак Валона, а затим Јањина и Скадар. Крајем 1714. премештен је за румелијског беглербега 
  14. ^ Robert Elsie (24 December 2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. I.B.Tauris. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. 
  15. ^ Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1842). The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Longman. p. 145. OCLC 499852560. Retrieved 12 September 2011. In 1809...Ibrahim Pasha of Avlona... The pretext of this war was the secret negotiations which had been carried on between Ibrahim and the French, but the real object was the possession of the sanjak of Avlona, the most extensive in Albania, and which commands the entrance... 
  16. ^ Vlora, Eqrem (1968), Lebenserinnerungen 1, retrieved 28. December, The members of his family held this position almost without interruption from 1481 to 1828, hereditarily not de jure, but de facto.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  17. ^ sir Grenville Temple Temple (10th bart.) (1836). Excursions in the Mediterranean. p. 277. Retrieved 23 July 2013. Mahmood Hamdi pasha confirmed to the sanjaks of Yanina, Delvina, and Avlonia 
  18. ^ Frashëri, Kristo (1964). The history of Albania: a brief survey. p. 165. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 

Further reading[edit]