Sanjak of İpek

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Sanjak of İpek
İpek sancak
Пећки санџак
sanjak of Ottoman Empire

1455–1913
 

 

Coat of arms of Sanjak of İpek

Coat of arms

Location of Sanjak of İpek
Capital İpek
History
 -  Established 1455
 -  First Balkan War 1913
Today part of  Kosovo
 Montenegro
 Albania

The Sanjak of İpek (also referered to as Sanjak of Dukagjin in some modern contexts) (Albanian: Sanxhaku i Pejës, Turkish: İpek sancak, Serbian: Пећки Санџак) was a sanjak (an administrative division of the Ottoman Empire) with its capital in İpek, Kosovo. After the Ottoman Empire captured Peć in 1455, the Sanjak of Dukagjin was established with Mahmut Pasha Dukagjini as its first sanjakbey (lord).[1]

The Sanjak of Dukagjin had four kazas: Peć, Gjakova, Gusinje and Berane.[when?][2]

The Sanjak of Dukagjin was often under direct control of the sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Scutari. In 1536 Ali-beg, then a sanjakbey of Dukagjin, was hanged on the orders of the sultan for mistakes and incompetence in governing his sanjak.[3] The Christian population of the Sanjak of Dukagjin often rebelled against the Ottoman authorities, especially in the 1550s, because they were unable to pay the newly implemented taxes.[4] During one of these rebellions the sanjakbey, Kasim-beg, was ordered to suppress the rebellion with help of the sanjaks of Scutari and Durres if needed.[5] In 1690 the sanjakbey Mahmud Pasha Hasanbegović attacked Austrian troops in Peć during the Great Turkish War.[6]

After the 19th century, the Sanjak of Dukagjin was called the Sanjak of Peć.[7] When Kosovo Vilayet was established in 1877, the Sanjak of Peć became part of Kosovo Vilayet, with Skopje as its seat.

During the First Balkan War at the end of 1912, the Sanjak of Dukagjin was occupied by the Kingdom of Montenegro and Kingdom of Serbia. In 1914 a smaller part of the territory of Sanjak of Dukagjin became a part of the newly established Principality of Albania, established on the basis of the peace contract signed during the London Conference in 1913.[8]

List of sanjakbeys[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Altimari, Francesco; Janez Stanič (1984). Albanci (in Slovenian). Cankarjeva založba. p. 41. Retrieved 1 August 2011. "Z zavzetjem Peči je bil ustanovjjen du- kagjinski sandžak s sedežem v Peči, za sandžakbega pa postavljen Mahmut paša Dukagjini." 
  2. ^ Samardžić, Radovan (1983). Istorija srpskog naroda: pt. 1. Od Berlinskog kongresa do ujedinjenja 1878–1918. Srpska knjiiževna zadruga. p. 264. Retrieved 2 August 2011. "Пећки санџак је обухватао пећку, ђаковичку, гусињску и беранску (Доњи Васојевићи) казу." 
  3. ^ Godisnjak. Sarajevo: Drustvo Istoricara Bosne i Hercegovine. 1950. p. 95. Retrieved 2 August 2011. ".у личности султана који их за сваки пропуст може казнити ...објешен пећки санџак-бег Али-бег" 
  4. ^ Schmitt, Oliver Jens (2010), Religion und Kultur im albanischsprachigen Südosteuropa 4, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, p. 43, ISBN 978-3-631-60295-9, "The Christian population of sancak of Dukagjin rebelled particularly often in 1550" 
  5. ^ Jugoslovenski istorijski časopis, Volume 17. Savez društava istoričara Jugoslavije. 1978. p. 209. Retrieved 1 August 2011. "Tako je beg Dukađina, Kasim-beg , bio zadužen... dizdaru Drača i dizdarima skadarskog sandžaka da pomognu sandžak-begu Dukađina, Kasim-begu" 
  6. ^ Zbornik za društvene nauke, Issues 12–15 (in Serbian). Novi Sad: Matica srpska (Novi Sad, Serbia). Odeljenje za društvene nauke. 1956. p. 48. Retrieved 3 August 2011. "Пошто је на Призрен напао Дукађински санџак Махмуд-паша Хасанбеговић" 
  7. ^ Skendi, Stavro (1954). Albanian and South Slavic oral epic poetry. American Folklore Society. p. 64. Retrieved 1 August 2011. "Before the 19th century the Sandzak of Pec was called in the Ottoman administration the Sandzak of Dukagjin" 
  8. ^ Vickers, Miranda (1999). The Albanians: a modern history. I.B.Tauris. pp. 77, 78. ISBN 978-1-86064-541-9. 
  9. ^ Bešić, Zarij M. (1975). Istorija Črne Gore: Od poćetka XVI do kraja XVIII vijeka. Red. za istoriju Črne Gore. p. 294. Retrieved 2 August 2011. "Крајем 1737. пећки санџак-бег Махмудбеговић похарао је Васојевиће и много народа „прегна у Метохију""