Sanjak of Salonica

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Sanjak of Selanik
Ottoman Turkish: Liva-i Selanik
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire

1430–1912
 

Location of Sanjak of Salonica
1907 Ottoman map of the Salonica Vilayet, including the Sanjak of Salonica in the left
Capital Thessalonica (Selanik)
History
 -  Ottoman conquest 1430
 -  Greek capture 1912
Today part of  Greece
 Macedonia

The Sanjak of Selanik or Salonica (Ottoman Turkish: Sancak-i/Liva-i Selanik; Greek: λιβάς/σαντζάκι Θεσσαλονίκης) was a second-level Ottoman province (sanjak or liva) encompassing the environs of the city of Thessalonica (Salonica, Turkish Selanik) and the Chalcidice peninsula.

History[edit]

After its final conquest from the Republic of Venice, Thessalonica became a sanjak centre within the Rumeli Eyalet, encompassing central Macedonia between the Vardar and Aliakmon rivers, as well as the Chalcidice peninsula.[1]

By 1846, as part of the Tanzimat reforms, Thessalonica became the centre of a separate eyalet (Salonica Eyalet, after 1867 Salonica Vilayet), and hence the sanjak became the new province's pasha-sanjak.[2]

In 1912, the sanjak comprised the following districts (kazas): Selanik proper, Kesendire (Kassandra Peninsula), Karaferye (Veroia), Yenice Vardar (Giannitsa), Vodina (Edessa), Langaza (Langadas), Gevgelü (Gevgelija), Avret Hişar (Neo Gynaikokastro), Toyran (Star Dojran), Ustrumca (Strumica), Tikoş/Kavadar (Kavadarci), Katerin (Katerini), Aynaroz (Mount Athos) and Karaağaabad.[3] Most of the sanjak was captured by Greece in October 1912, during the First Balkan War, while the northern portions fell to Serbia and are now part of the Republic of Macedonia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German) 13. Reichert. p. 58. ISBN 9783920153568. 
  2. ^ Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German) 13. Reichert. pp. 58, 76. ISBN 9783920153568. 
  3. ^ Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German) 13. Reichert. p. 76. ISBN 9783920153568.