Sankarankovil

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Sankarankovil(சங்கரன்கோவில்)
Punnai Vanam(புன்னை வனம்)
City
Nickname(s): Sangai(சங்கை)
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirunelveli(திருநெல்வேலி மாவட்டம்)
Taluk Sankarankoil taluk(சங்கரன்கோவில் தாலுகா)
Founded by Ukkira Pandiya Raja(உக்கிர பாண்டிய ராஜா)
Government
 • Municipality Chairman Rajalakshmi(ராஜலட்சுமி)
 • Sankarankovil(State Assembly Constituency) S. Muthuselvi(முத்துச்செல்வி)
Area rank 1st
Elevation 143 m (469 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 70, 574
 • Rank 2nd in Tirunelveli District Municipalities
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 627756
Vehicle registration TN-79 (SankarankovilRTO)
Website www.sankarankovil.com
1st Grade Municipality

Sankarankovil (சங்கரன்கோவில்) is a second largest municipality in the Tirunelveli district ( திருநெல்வேலி மாவட்டம் ) the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Sankarankovil is home to the famous Sankara Narayanar ( சங்கர நாராயணர் ) temple. It is situated at Tirunelveli District and 56 km away from Thirunelveli City. Sankarankovil is the second largest town in the district. It was formerly called Sankaranayinar kovil(சங்கரநயினார் கோவில்). As of 2011, the town had a population of 70, 574.

History[edit]

Sankarankovil is home to the famous Sankara Narayanan temple. It is situated at Tirunelveli District and 56 km away from Thirunelveli City. Sankarankovil is the second largest town in the district. It is very famous for "Adi Thabasu" festival. In older times, the city was called as Sankaranayinar kovil. Even now it is called as Sankaran Kovil.Once upon a time a "Devan" (Angel) called "Manikkeerivan" was cursed by Goddess Parvathi. Because of which, he had to come to earth and work as gardener in a beautiful garden. One day while he was clearing a snake pit, the snake tail was also cut. He found a Sivalingam next to the snake. He went and informed about this to his king Ukira Pandiyan. The king considered it to be the god's wish to stay there and constructed the temple and a city around.The Puthu Maan in the temple is taken as a holy sand which could cure lot of disease by all devotees.

The snake pit (Ant Hill) is called "Vanmeekam" (Tamil: வன்மீகம்). Hence the deity Sri Sankaralingar is also called "Vanmeeganadhar" (Tamil: வன்மீகநாதர்)

Like every other temple, Sankarankovil has its own interesting story. Once the devotees of Lord Hari (or Vishnu) and Lord Shiva quarreled with each other to determine whose god is powerful. Then Lord Shiva appeared as Sankaranarayanar to mark his devotees to understand that both Hari and Shiva are one and the same. So it is held sacred by Saivites and those Hindus who believe that Siva and Vishnu are a single deity one in one and accordingly, desire to worship the two gods into one form. Srivaishnavites of Tamil Nadu who worship Lord Vishnu only, have not accepted the mingling of Siva and Vishnu thus, and therefore, they reject this deity of this temple which depicts the concept of Hari and Haran being one God.

It was built by Ukira Pandiyan AC 900.It houses the deity by the name Sankara Narayanan, which is half Lord Shiva and the other half Lord Vishnu.

The deities of this temple are Sri Sankareswarar, Sri Gomathi Amman and Sri Sankara Narayanar.

Sankarankovil is also said to be home to the deity named Avudai Ambal-RR.

The general belief is that the Holy Sand "Puttrumann" (Puttru = Ant Hill, Mann = Sand) that one gets from this temple is capable of curing all the diseases. Devotees believe that Sankarankovil‘s Nagasunai (sacred tank) have been dug by serpent kings named Paduman and Sangam which has a miraculous power to heal those who bath there.Once a time a "Devan" (Angel) called "Manikkeerivan" was cursed by Goddess Parvathi. Because of which, he had to come to earth and work as gardener in a beautiful garden. One day while he was clearing a snake pit, the snake tail was also cut. He found a Sivalingam next to the snake. He went and informed about this to his king Ukira Pandiyan. The king considered it to be the god's wish to stay there and constructed the temple and a city around.

The snake pit (Ant Hill) is called "Vanmeekam". Hence the deity Sri Sankaralingar is also called "Vanmeeganadhar" .

Sankaranarayanar koil, Sankarankoil, Tirunelveli

SNKL RTO (Regional Transport Office)[edit]

              Sankarankovil Regional Transport office (RTO) is newly constructed in Thiruvallurar Nagar (தமிழ் : திருவள்ளுவர் நகர்)  and was inaugurated by Tamil Nadu's chief minister Jayalalithaa Jayaram via video conference. And SNKL RTO No is TN-79.

Municipality[edit]

          Sankarankovil(சங்கரன்கோவில் நகராட்சி)  is a First Grade Municipality(முதல் நிலை நகராட்சி)  in TamilNadu. It is the Second Largest Municipality in Tirunelveli district. It is a growing town that includes many localities. Some of the localities includes as Karivalamvandha Nallur(கரிவலம்வந்தநல்லூர்), Gomathi Nagar(கோமதி நகர்), Sangupuram Nagar(சங்குபுரம் நகர்), Lakshmiyapuram Nagar(லட்சுமியாபுரம் நகர்),   Vadukkupudhur(வடக்கு புதூர்), Therkku Sankarankovil(தெற்கு சங்கரன்கோவில்), NGO 'A' , 'B' Colony(என்.ஜி.ஓ காலனி), Ezhil Nagar(எழில் நகர்), Mullai Nagar(முல்லை நகர்)  etc...

Economy[edit]

There are many industries in Sankarankovil. Apart from agri business, this town is well known for its textiles. Nearly about 4000 powerlooms is directly involved in producing various kinds of textile products like Terry towel, Cotton Sarees, lungies, hand kerchiefs,vinayakar towel etc.The produced product are marketed all over India directly. Subbulapuram, a village 14 km away from sankarankovil, is popularly known as "TERRY CITY". TERYY TOWEL are largely manufactured in these places. By frankly saying that these are the places were cotton yarns are largely used. Perumbathur, a village 6 km away from sankarankovil, is popularly known as "Flower City". Jasmine flowers are largely manufactured in these places.

  1. Weaving and sizing industries
  2. Plastic Moulding industries
  3. Spinning Mills
  4. Oil Industries
  5. Furniture manufacturing industries
  6. More Leather & welding Works, etc....
  7. Flower Farming

Bank Branches in SNKL[edit]

1) State Bank of India (SBI) 2) Indian Bank (IB) 3) Karur Vysya Bank (KVB) 4) Indian Overseas Bank (IOB) 5) Andhra Bank (AB) 6) Pandiyan Grama Bank (PGB) 7) Canara Bank (CB) 8) Tamilnad Mercantile Bank (TMB) 9) Kumbakonam Paraspara Finance Pvt. Ltd 10) Corporation Bank (CB) 11) City Union Bank (CUB)

Opening Shortly[edit]

ICICI BANK, KOTAK MAHINDRA BANK, KARNATAKA BANK

Railway Station[edit]

                     There are three daily passenger trains Madurai to Shencottah through Sankarankovil. Also there are three daily passenger trains Shencottah to Madurai through Sankarankovil. Also there is daily one express train Chennai to Shencottah through Sankarankovil.

New Railway Tracks For SNKL[edit]

              1) Sankarankovil to Tirunelveli
             2) Sankarankovil to Coimbatore
             3) Sankarankovil to Erode

Airport[edit]

          The nearest domestic airport is Madurai Airport (~120 km). Madurai Airport is around 2 hour 30 mins from Sankarankovil. Jet Airways, Spicejet and Air India are operating daily flights between Madurai Airport and Chennai International Airport. and Hyderabad. Also flight in Sri Lanka

Bus Station[edit]

              Sankarankovil has two bus stand for people use.The main bus stand is nearby to the Sankarankovil Municipality office. The main bus stand is also called as 'Anna Bus Stand ' (தமிழ்: அண்ணா பேருந்து நிலையம்). The new bus stand is in the Thiruvengadam Road. New bus stand is also called as    ' Thanthai Periyar New Bus Stand '          (தமிழ் : தந்தை பெரியார் புதிய பேருந்து நிலையம் ) . Currently the new bus stand is not in the use, because it is available in the end of the Town. But it will opening as soon.

Bus Track[edit]

                Sankarankovil is in the main State Highways 41 and 76 and is also nearer to the National Highways 07 and 208. So, there are so many buses passing through this town.The main bus track to the     Cities/Towns like Tirunelveli,Madurai, Tuticorin, Nagercoil / Sivakasi, Tenkasi, Rajapalayam , Kovilpatti, Srivilliputhur, Shencottah, Ambasamudram,  Kadayanallur, Sattur, Aruppukottai, Virudhunagar, Courtallam, Tirumangalam, Tiruchendur, Kanyakumari, Valliyur, Surandai, Sivagiri etc...

The main SETC buses passes through Sankarankovil is Chennai, Bengaluru, Coimbatore, Calicut, Trichy, Kollam, Trivandrum, Munnar also there are so many travels in Sankarankovil.

Politics[edit]

Sankarankovil assembly constituency is part of Tenkasi (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Elections contested:

Year Status Place Name Elected AS
Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 2011 Elected Sankarankovil Karuppasamy(Died) , S. Muthuselvi (Minister) up to October 22, 2011Minister ADMK
  • Current MLA of the Sankarankovil constituency is famous politician S. Muthuselvi.

Tourist Places[edit]

1) Courtallam 2) Tirunelveli 3) Srivilliputhur 4) Papanasam, Tirunelveli 5) Kanyakumari 6) Tiruchendur 7) Kalugumalai 8) Madurai 9) Aryankavu 10) Kollam 11) Nagercoil 12) Tuticorin 13) Trivandrum 14) Rameshwaram 15) Kodaikanal

and so on .......

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Sankarankoil had a population of 70,574 with a sex-ratio of 1,012 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[3] A total of 5,660 were under the age of six, constituting 2,867 males and 2,793 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 22.47% and .3% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 74.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The town had a total of 14536 households. There were a total of 24,064 workers, comprising 493 cultivators, 2,003 main agricultural labourers, 2,245 in house hold industries, 17,190 other workers, 2,133 marginal workers, 34 marginal cultivators, 247 marginal agricultural labourers, 413 marginal workers in household industries and 1,439 other marginal workers.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=699471
  2. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Sankarankoil". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.