Born into a musical family in Calcutta, India. His father was a Doctor and musical enthusiast, exposing him to formal tuition early in life under the legendary Ustad Maseet Khan of the Farukhabad Gharana of Tabla. He Studied under Ustad Maseet Khan, Sankha subsequently learnt from his son Ustad Keramatulla Khan and later from Late Tabla Maestro Ustad Alla Rakha Khan of the Punjab Gharana.
Sankha Chatterjee style is a blend of three leading Gharanas (schools), the Farukkabad, Punjab and Delhi Gharanas. He still performs and teaches. He divides his time teaching in Berlin and India as his bases and holds workshops across Europe and the United States.