Sankighatta

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Dallina Vardamana Mahaveera Jain temple
Sankighatta, Karnataka
Sankighatta, Karnataka
Location
Country: India
State/province: Karnataka
District: Magadi Taluk Ramanagara district
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Mahavira
Important festivals: Mahavir Jayanti, Mahaveera Moksha Kalyan
Number of temples: One early Hoysala architecture Jain temple
Number of monuments: One
Inscriptions: Kannada inscription
History
Date established: Between 1141 to 1173 CE
Creator: Hoysala Empire Emperor Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ
Governing body: Governed by Settru family till 1950 and now by Jain Samaj
Sankighatta, Karnataka

Sankighatta or Dallina Vardaman Mahaveera Thirtankara is a Jain Basadi in Karnataka, south India.[1] Sankighatta was a historic Jain center and was under the control of Settru family, the Samantha Rajas of Hoysala Kings. They also controlled surrounding places like Kalya (Kalyana pura), Kunigal, Magadi, Savandurga, Hebbur, Mayasandra, Settikere, Veerasagara, Srigiripura, Shivaganga hills, Biskuru, etc..

History[edit]

The temple was built by Hoysala Emperor Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ (1141 AD –1173) in respect of Hoysala royal family members who were followers of Jainism and moved away from Belur Halebidu to settle in Sankighatta. Hoysala Emperor Narasimha I appointed one of the Hoysala family members as Dharmadhikari to take care of the Jain temples in and around Sankighatta. They later came to be known as Settru family.

Kalya (Kalyana pura) near Sankighatta was another historic Jain center with seventy five Jain temple, one of them was a wooden Jain temple, which was destroyed in fire, set out by non-believers. Stone inscriptions of Hoysala period and destroyed structures of Jain temple, many Jain temple converted to other religious place in Kalya (Kalyana pura). Jain families are present, even today, in and around Sankighatta.

Sankighatta was once famous for cultivation of Paddy, Sugarcane, Coconuts, Arecanut, Mango.

Prominent people of Sankighatta[edit]

Settru's were an historic Jain family & are the only existing direct descendants of Hoysala family, who lived in Sankighatta, Settru. The members of Settru family greatly patronised Jainism,.

According to historic records, prominent members of the Settru family were -

  • Dharmadhikari Bhusava Settru is an historic Jain person from Settru family of Sankighatta, whose defensive action to save seventy five Jain temples in Kalya (Kalyana pura) near Sankighatta in Hoysala Empire is an historic incident. He was the first Jain to revolt against Srivaiṣṇavas who destroyed many Jain temples around Sankighatta and also took the issue to Hoysala King. The King intervened and made a compromise between Jain and Srivaiṣṇavas. This historic incident in Hoysala Kingdom is well narrated on the only stone inscription of the famous Jain temple, Bhandara Basadi in Sravanabelagola.
  • Dharmadhikari Chikka Padmanna Settru, 15th century Kannada Jain poet and the author of Kannada Jain literature work like Ananthanata charita and Vajrakumara charita. [2]
  • 17th century Jain scholar by name Dharmadhikari Payappa Settru, was a great devotee of Mahavira.

Historians refers Settru were the existing original clan of Hoysala who followed Jainism even after Hoysala Emperor Bittideva/ Vishnuvardhana converted to Srivaiṣṇavas. Hoysala royal family members along with Bittideva/ Vishnuvardhana's famous and Queen Natyarani (Queen of Dance) pattamahishi Shantaladevi protested the religious conversion and continued to followed Jainism and moved away from Belur Halebidu due to political and religious situation and settled in Sankighatta.

Other prominent members are Dharmadhikari Settru Vardamanaiah, Dharmadhikari Settru Jawallanaiah, Dharmadhikari Settru Adirajaiah and Dharmadhikari Settru Padmarajaiah was the last person to deliver the responsibility of governing the Jain temple and he handed over the temple keys, roles and responsibility with a written document to Magadi taluk administrator (Tahsildar) around 1950. Settru family members still live in Sankighatta and are respected as Settru maneyavaru (Settru Family in Kannada languare). Settru Family members are the patrons/ Dharmadhikari of Jain temple and delivered the responsibility of governing the temple from the time it was built till 1950.

Overview[edit]

The main attraction of Sankighatta is 11th century early Hoysala architecture Jain temple, has a sparkling gold colored metal idol of Bhagawan Mahaveera as the main deity.[3] It is a unique Lord Mahaveer metal idol in the world (Idol looks like a small boy standing with smiling face), it looks more attractive when a Milk Mastakabhiseka is performed.

The damaged and antique black granite statue of Bhagavan Mahaveer is placed just behind the existing main deity in the Jain temple. On the black granite statue of Mahaveer we can find the stone inscription about the genealogy of Hoysala royal family from Emperor Hoysala Vinayaditya (1047–1098) to Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ (1152–1173). Devotees from different parts of India visit this place and offer special prayers. Sankighatta Jain Temple is also the only historic and oldest Jain temple which is near to Karnataka state capital Bangalore.

Present condition[edit]

Jain pilgrimage in the princely state of Mysore is narrated in Kannada book "Rajavali Kathasara" published by Mysore University. In this book we can come across many lost Jain temple with name and places which Payappa Settru visited. Many of the Settru family members live in Bangalore. Settru family members are the first people to lead the religious functions in Sankighatta.

Sankighatta is on the way to Shravanabelagola from Bangalore, (Bangalore Mangalore (BM) road, National Highway NH48, before Kunigal: take right from the main road near Tippasandra hand post/cross and drive for about 7 km to reach Sankighatta). Public and private transport are available from Bangalore, Tumkur, Kunigal, Nelamangala. Now the Jain temple is under Karnataka muzari and Sankighatta Jain community is maintaining the temple.

Other temples like Shiva temple, Hanumantha temple, Keshava temple. Sankighatta is natural habitat for Peacocks and other bird species. Bird lovers need to work toward saving Peacocks in and around Sankighatta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maharaj, Gyansagar Ji (2011-01-18). "Gyansagar Ji Maharaj Vihara". Gyansagarmaharaj.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  2. ^ "Legends". RootsIn. 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  3. ^ Karnataka. "Sankighatta". Jainheritagecentres.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 

External links[edit]

See Also[edit]