|Dallina Vardamana Mahaveera Jain temple|
|District:||Magadi Taluk Ramanagara district|
|Architecture and culture|
|Important festivals:||Mahavir Jayanti, Mahaveera Moksha Kalyan|
|Number of temples:||One early Hoysala architecture Jain temple|
|Number of monuments:||One|
|Date established:||Between 1141 to 1173 CE|
|Creator:||Hoysala Empire Emperor Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ|
|Governing body:||Governed by Settru family till 1950 and now by Jain Samaj|
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Sankighatta name comes from Settra + Ghatta = Settraghatta and now it is pronounced as Sankighatta. In Kannada language Settra (Settru) + Ghatta (Place) literal meaning is ""place of Settru"".
Settru is an historic Jain family name in Sankighatta, Settru family members were the patrons of Jain temple in and around Sankighatta. Historic records says, prominent members of the Settru family are Dharmadhikari Bhusava Settru, was the first Jain to revolt against destroying seventy five Jain temples of Kalya (Kalyana pura) near Sankighatta in Hoysala Empire. 15th century Kannada Jain poet Dharmadhikari Chikka Padmanna Settru has done Kannada Jain literature work like Ananthanata charita and Vajrakumara charita. 17th century Jain scholar by name Dharmadhikari Payappa Settru. Settru family members still live in Sankighatta.
Sankighatta is a great historic Jain center in Karnataka, south India. Dallina Vardaman Mahaveera Thirtankara Jain Basadi is very ancient Jain temple built by Hoysala Emperor Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ (1141 AD –1173) in respect and honor to the Hoysala royal family members who were following Jainism and moved away from Belur Halebidu to settle in Sankighatta. Hoysala Emperor Narasimha I appointed Jainism follower of his won Hoysala family members, who are now called as Settru family as the care takers and Dharmadhikari of the Jain temples in and around Sankighatta and announced Settru's as the Samanta Rajas of Hoysala Empire.
Historians refers Settru are the existing original clan of Hoysala who followed Jainism even after Hoysala Emperor Bittideva/ Vishnuvardhana converted to Srivaiṣṇavas. Hoysala royal family members along with Bittideva/ Vishnuvardhana's famous and beautiful Queen Natyarani (Queen of Dance) pattamahishi Shantaladevi protested the religious conversion and continued to followed Jainism, moved away from Belur Halebidu due to political and religious situation and settled in Sankighatta, called themselves as Settru and continued as Samantha Rajas of Hoysala Kings.
We also come across historic evidences about Queen Natyarani Shantaladevi followed Jainism till the end of her life, lived around Sankighatta, like near by place Shivaganga hills and she finally moved to Shravanabelagola and took Sallekhana. Some historians also say Jain Queen Shantaladevi took Sallekhana in Shivaganga hills. Settru's are the only existing direct descendants of Hoysala family and still live in Sankighatta.
Historians refers Sankighatta was a historic Jain center was under the control of Settru the Samantha Rajas of Hoysala Kings. They also controlled surrounding by places like Kalya (Kalyana pura), Kunigal, Magadi, Savandurga, Hebbur, Mayasandra, Settikere, Veerasagara, Srigiripura, Shivaganga hills, Biskuru and many other places.
Kalya (Kalyana pura) near Sankighatta was another historic Jain center with seventy five Jain temple, one of them was a wooden Jain temple and the place was destroyed in fire set by other religion people. Even now we can find stone inscriptions of Hoysala period and destroyed structures of Jain temple, many Jain temple converted to other religious place in Kalya (Kalyana pura). Also we can find Jain family in and around Sankighatta.
The main attraction of Sankighatta is 11th century early Hoysala architecture Jain temple, has a sparkling gold colored metal idol of Bhagawan Mahaveera as the main deity. It is a unique Lord Mahaveer metal idol in the world (Idol looks like a small boy standing with smiling face), it looks more attractive when a Milk Mastakabhiseka is performed.
The damaged and antique black granite statue of Bhagavan Mahaveer is placed just behind the existing main deity in The Jain temple. On the black granite statue of Mahaveer we can find the stone inscription about the genealogy of Hoysala royal family from Emperor Hoysala Vinayaditya (1047–1098) to Narasimha I ಒಂದನೆ ನರಸಿಂಹ (1152–1173). Devotees from different parts of India visit this place and offer special prayers. Sankighatta Jain Temple is also the only historic and oldest Jain temple which is near to Karnataka state capital Bangalore.
Sankighatta is on the way to Shravanabelagola from Bangalore, (Bangalore Mangalore (BM) road, National Highway NH48, before Kunigal: take right from the main road near Tippasandra hand post/cross and drive for about 7 KM to reach Sankighatta). Public and private transport is also available from Bangalore, Tumkur, Kunigal, Nelamangala.
Historic and Prominent people of Sankighatta.
Dharmadhikari Bhusava Settru, is an historic Jain person from Settru family of Sankighatta, whose defensive action to save seventy five Jain temples in Kalya (Kalyana pura) near Sankighatta is an historic incident. He is the first Jain to revolted against Srivaiṣṇavas who destroyed many Jain temples around Sankighatta and Bhusava Settru took the issue to Hoysala King. The King intervened and made a compromise between Jain and Srivaiṣṇavas. This historic incident in Hoysala Kingdom is well narrated on the only stone inscription of the famous Jain temple Bhandara Basadi in Sravanabelagola.
In 17th century Jain scholar by name Dharmadhikari Payappa Settru from Settru family of Sankighatta, a great patron of Vardhamana Mahaveer Jain temple, Sankighatta. In 1775 he has done a Jain pilgrimage in the princely state of Mysore is narrated in Kannada book "Rajavali Kathasara" published by Mysore University. In this book we can come across many lost Jain temple with name and places which Payappa Settru visited.
Other prominent members are Dharmadhikari Settru Vardamanaiah, Dharmadhikari Settru Jawallanaiah, Dharmadhikari Settru Adirajaiah and Dharmadhikari Settru Padmarajaiah was the last person to deliver the responsibility of governing the Jain temple and he handed over the temple keys, roles and responsibility with a written document to Magadi taluk administrator (Tahsildar) around 1950.
The exesting Settru family members in Sankighatta are respected as Settru maneyavaru (Settru Family in Kannada languare). Settru Family members are the patrons/Dharmadhikari of Jain temple and had delivered the responsibility to governing the temple from the time it was built till 1950. Many of the Settru family members live in Bangalore. They still have the same belonging and respect towards the temple in Sankighatta. Even now Settru family members are the first people to lead the religious functions in Sankighatta.
Other temples like Shiva temple, Hanumantha temple, Keshava temple.
Save Sankighatta Tank/kere.... Sankighatta has a very big tank/kere which is also a catchment area of rain water which flows from famous Shivaganga hills.
It is very sad to know that the Sankighatta tank is 80% illegally encroached by many greedy people for farming. which has reduced the capacity of the tank. Local Government officers or the people representative of the area has to take proper action to save the tank and work towards bring Hemavathi river channel water to Sankighatta kere. People of to Sankighatta and surrounding villages has to come forward and pressure the responsible persons to take action.
Sankighatta is natural habitat for Peacocks and other bird species. Bird lovers need to work toward saving Peacocks in and around Sankighatta.
- Maharaj, Gyansagar Ji (2011-01-18). "Upadhyay 108 Shri Gyansagar Ji Maharaj: Route to Maharajji's Vihar areas". Gyansagarmaharaj.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- Karnataka. "Sankighatta". Jainheritagecentres.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- "Legends". RootsIn. 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
- Stone inscription on the old statue in the Jain temple Sankighatta
- [Stone inscription on the wall of Bhandar basadi Jain temple in Shravanabelagola narrates about Bhusava Settru's defensive action to save seventy five Jain temples in Kalya (Kalyana pura) near Sankighatta].
- [Rajavali Kathasara, Kannada book published by Mysore University, narrates about Bhusava Settru and Payappa Settru of Settru family from Sankighatta]
- [Kannada Hasta prathigala varnamala sangraha, Kannada book published by Mysore University, narrates about Bhusava Settru of Settru family from Sankighatta]