Sankt Georgen an der Gusen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Parish Church St. Georgen an der Gusen.jpg
Coat of arms of Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Coat of arms
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen is located in Austria
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°16′18″N 14°26′54″E / 48.27167°N 14.44833°E / 48.27167; 14.44833Coordinates: 48°16′18″N 14°26′54″E / 48.27167°N 14.44833°E / 48.27167; 14.44833
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Perg
Government
 • Mayor Erich Wahl (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total 7 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Population (1 January 2014)[1]
 • Total 3,739
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 4222
Area code 07237
Vehicle registration PE
Website www.st-georgen-gusen.at

Sankt Georgen an der Gusen (lit. Saint George's Town on the Gusen River) is a small market town in Upper Austria, Austria, between the municipalities of Luftenberg and Langenstein. As of 2001, the town had 3,533 inhabitants.

History[edit]

During World War II the town was selected to be the DEST-business administration center for exploiting the slave labour in the quarries and later the industries of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp system. In early 1944 the town became the site of Gusen 2 - the most brutal sub-camp of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp system. In roughly 40.000 m² of tunnels and caverns dug beneath St. Georgen for the Messerschmitt company a huge and most modern underground assembly plant for Messerschmitt Me 262 fuselages was operated until May 1945 under the code-name B8 Bergkristall - Esche II.[2] In some trials of the Nuremberg Military Tribunal the relatively unknown term St. Georgen granite works was used to prevent the use of locations like Mauthausen or Gusen.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 1,089 —    
1880 1,128 +3.6%
1890 1,129 +0.1%
1900 1,326 +17.4%
1910 1,434 +8.1%
1923 1,324 −7.7%
1934 1,396 +5.4%
1939 1,429 +2.4%
1951 1,795 +25.6%
1961 2,148 +19.7%
1971 2,805 +30.6%
1981 3,093 +10.3%
1991 3,236 +4.6%
2001 3,529 +9.1%
2010 3,619 +2.6%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahres- und Quartalsanfang, 2014-01-01.
  2. ^ Rudolf A. Haunschmied, Jan-Ruth Mills, Siegi Witzany-Durda: St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen - Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD, Norderstedt 2008, ISBN 978-3-8334-7610-5