Sankt Martin im Innkreis
|Sankt Martin im Innkreis|
|District||Ried im Innkreis|
|• Mayor||Kurt Höretzeder (FPÖ)|
|• Total||9 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||372 m (1,220 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2014)|
|• Density||200/km2 (520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Sankt Martin lies in the Innviertel (Innkreis) region, situated on the west slope of the Troßkolm forest in the Antiesen valley. It is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the district capital Ried im Innkreis on the Hausruck Straße highway (B143) near the Ort im Innkreis junction of the Innkreis Autobahn (A8).
The municpal area comprises the cadastral communities of Diesseits and Jenseits (literally "On This Side" and "Beyond"), referring to the Antiesen River.
The Sankt Martin parish church was first mentioned in a 1084 deed, when the surrounding estates were held by the Bavarian Bishops of Passau. A castle was mentioned in 1150, it burnt down during the Peasants' War in Upper Austria in 1626 and was rebuilt in a Baroque style.
With the whole Innviertel region Sankt Martin belonged to the Duchy of Bavaria (Electorate from 1623) until it was ceded to the Archduchy of Austria according to the 1779 Treaty of Teschen. After the Napoleonic Wars, Sankt Martin was incorporated into the Austrian crown land of Upper Austria. The present-day municipality was established in 1850.
In World War II Oberst Alois Podhajsky, director of the Spanish Riding School in Vienna, had most of the Lipizzan stallions evacuated to Sankt Martin. Here he met with American General George S. Patton in 1945 and orchestrated an impressive performance by the remaining horses and riders of the school, whereafter the Americans agreed to place the stallions under the protection of the United States.
Seats in the muncipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2009 local elctions:
- Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ): 7
- Austrian People's Party (ÖVP): 7
- Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ): 5
- Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley (1897–1945), political activist, assassin of Bavarian premier Kurt Eisner.
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