Sanming

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Sanming
三明市
Prefecture-level city
Liedong Bridge (列东大桥) over Sha River (沙溪)
Liedong Bridge (列东大桥) over Sha River (沙溪)
Location of Sanming City in Fujian
Location of Sanming City in Fujian
Sanming is located in China
Sanming
Sanming
Location in China
Coordinates: 26°15′N 117°37′E / 26.250°N 117.617°E / 26.250; 117.617Coordinates: 26°15′N 117°37′E / 26.250°N 117.617°E / 26.250; 117.617
Country People's Republic of China
Province Fujian
Area
 • Total 22,929 km2 (8,853 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 2,503,388
 • Density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 365000
Area code(s) 598
GDP 2009
 - Total CNY 73.424 billion (USD 10.76 billion)
 - per capita CNY 27,865 (USD 4,083)
 - Growth Increase 13.4%
License Plate 闽G
Local dialect Min Zhong
Website www.sm.gov.cn

Sanming (Chinese: 三明; pinyin: Sānmíng; Foochow Romanized: Săng-mìng)) is a prefecture-level city in western Fujian province, People's Republic of China. It borders Nanping City to the north, Fuzhou City to the east, Quanzhou City to the southeast, Longyan City to the south, and the province of Jiangxi to the west. Sanming lies between Wuyi and Daiyun mountains.

Geography and demographics[edit]

The prefecture level city of Sanming has a total area of 22,928.8 square kilometres (8,852.9 sq mi), and 82% of this extension is composed of mountainous areas, 8.3% of arable land and 9.7% of water or other type of terrain.

Sanming is well known by its beautiful nature landscape with different landforms, including unique Danxia Landform and abundant Karst topography. The most famous spots include global geopark Taining Golden Lake in Taining County, Yuhua Cave in Jiangle County and Goose Cave in Ninghua County.

According to the 2010 Census, Sanming has a population of 2,503,338, 70,687 inhabitants less than in 2000 Census (the average annual population growth for the period 2000-2010 was of -0.28%).[1] The emigration of population from Sanming to other areas of Fujian is a constant process, even encouraged by government politics since the 1960s.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Sanming administers 2 districts, 1 county-level city, 9 counties. The information here presented is in km² and using data from 2010 Census.

English Name Simplified Traditional Pinyin Foochow Area Population Density
Meilie District 梅列区 梅列區 Méiliè Qū Mùi-liĕk-kṳ̆ 353 176,539 500
Sanyuan District 三元区 三元區 Sānyuán Qū Săng-nguòng-kṳ̆ 803 198,958 248
Yong'an City 永安市 Yǒng'ān Shì Īng-ăng-chê 2,941 347,042 118
Mingxi County 明溪县 明溪縣 Míngxī Xiàn Mìng-kă̤-gâing 1,704 102,667 60
Qingliu County 清流县 清流縣 Qīngliú Xiàn Chĭng-liù-gâing 1,825 136,248 75
Ninghua County 宁化县 寧化縣 Nínghuà Xiàn Nìng-huá-gâing 2,381 272,443 114
Datian County 大田县 大田縣 Dàtián Xiàn Duâi-dièng-gâing 2,294 311,631 136
Youxi County 尤溪县 尤溪縣 Yóuxī Xiàn Iù-kă̤-gâing 3,425 352,067 103
Sha County 沙县 沙縣 Shā Xiàn Să-gâing 1,815 226,669 125
Jiangle County 将乐县 將樂縣 Jiānglè Xiàn Ciŏng-lŏk-gâing 2,247 148,867 66
Taining County 泰宁县 泰寧縣 Tàiníng Xiàn Tái-nìng-gâing 1,534 110,278 72
Jianning County 建宁县 建寧縣 Jiànníng Xiàn Gióng-nìng-gâing 1,742 119,979 69

History[edit]

In 1940 Sanyuan County was established. In 1956, Mingxi and Sanyuan Counties were combined to Sanming County, then in 1960 it was replaced with Sanming city.

Environment and tourism[edit]

Sanming has four well preserved and protected National Parks. The city was labeled as the most "green" city of the most "green" province in China.

Da Jin Hu, which is the most famous tourist spot in Sanming, is also well known as Taining Gorden Lake Geopark marked by UNESCO. The Geopark is famous for its unique Danxia Landform. The lake situated inside Taining County at the south end of Wuyi Mountain is the major State-level place of scenic beauty with the length of 60-plus kilometres and water area of more than 50 thousand mu.The best tour season of Taining Jinhu Lake is from April to October each year.

Besides, there are quite a number of places of historic interest and scenic beauty which include the State-level Taining Jinhu Lake,Yong-an Taoyuan Cave--------Linying Stone Forest,and the provincial level Jiangle Yuhua Cave, Sha Xian Qixian Cave, Ninghua Tian-er Cave and Meilie Ruiyun Mountain in Sanming.The natural reserves in Jiangle Longxi mountain, Xingkou Geshikao, Shaxian Nanmu Forest and Yong-an Tianbao Rock have been well known for the rare animals. The ancient architectural structure in Taining, Shibi Village, the originating place of the Hakkas in Ninghua and the birthplace of Zhu Xi in Youxi have all been noticeable both in China and overseas.

Yong-an Taoyuan Cave,situated by Yan River on the north of Yong-an City, is a major State-level place of scenic beauty with an area of 10 kilometres.

Linying Stone Forest,a marvellous spectacle located in Dahu Village 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northwest of Yong-an City, is a State-level major place of scenic beauty with a total area of 1.21 square kilometres (0.47 sq mi).

The architectural structure group built in the ancient Ming Dynasty situated at the center of the urban district of Taining County is a State-level cultural relics under protection, having a high value in studying the ancient Chinese architecture,especially that in the Ming Dynasty.

Cuisine[edit]

Local food style in Sanming City normally includes various snacks especially the famous Sha County Snacks. Sha County snack is one of well-known snack styles in China, which can be found in hundreds of cities around mainland China.

Sha County snacks have a long history and are known to be living artifacts of the Han people's food culture.

Currently, 39 varieties of Sha County snacks have been labeled as "Famous Chinese Snacks" and 63 kinds as "Famous Fujian Snacks." The China Cuisine Association awarded Sha County the title of "Snack Culture City“ in China on December 8, 2006.

The production process of Sha County snacks was listed in Fujian intangible cultural heritage in 2007, and has been declared a national intangible cultural heritage. Representing Fujian, Sha County snacks are also available on the Chinese Food Street at the Shanghai 2010 World Expo.

Besides Sha County snacks, Yong'an snacks and Ninghua County snacks attract local people a lot as well.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]