Sanriku Coast

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Jōdo-ga-hama at the Rikuchu Kaigan National Park in 2007

The Sanriku Coast (三陸海岸 sanriku kaigan?) is a coastal region on the Pacific Ocean, extending from southern Aomori prefecture,[1] through Iwate prefecture and northern Miyagi prefecture in northeastern Honshū, which is Japan's main island.[2] The name comes from the historical region of Sanriku (or "three riku"), referring to the former provinces of Rikuō, Rikuchū and Rikuzen.[3]

Tourist destination[edit]

There are the Tanesashi Coast, the Rikuchu Kaigan National Park and the Minami-Sanriku Kinkazan Quasi-National Park in the Sanriku Coast region.[4]

Earthquakes and tsunami[edit]

In 1896, devastation following the tsunami

The bays of this ria coastline tend to amplify the destructiveness of tsunami waves.[5] Significant events which devastated coastal communities include:

Prior to 2011, the tsunami history of Sanriku might have been interpreted as a story of progressively fewer casualties due to human intervention and planning. The 2011 disaster created a new baseline for analysis of regularly occurring tsunamis.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Japan-i, Sanriku Coastline/Kamaishi Daikannon
  2. ^ Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sanriku Coast; Sanriku
  3. ^ Nippon-Kichi, 三陸リアス式海岸 Sanriku-riasushiki-kaigan  Saw-tooth Sanriku Coastline
  4. ^ "種差海岸を国立公園に編入へ 環境省方針" (in Japanese). Daily Tohoku. October 5, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
  5. ^ Satake, Kenji. (2005). Tsunamis: Case Studies and Recent Developments, p. 99., p. 99, at Google Books
  6. ^ Clancy, Gregory. "Sanriku: Japan's 'Tsunami Coast'," The Telegraph (UK). March 14, 2011.

References[edit]