Location of Sanshui District (red) in Foshan City and Guangdong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||874 km2 (337 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (37 ft)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefix||粤 ET|
|Cantonese Jyutping||saam1 seoi1 keoi1|
|Cantonese Yale||Sāamsēui Kēui|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Sānshǔi Qū|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Cantonese Jyutping||saam1 seoi1|
The neighbouring cities, counties and districts are Gaoyao, Dinghu District and Sihui in the west, Qingxin County and Qingyuan in the north, Huadu District and Nanhai District in the east and Gaoming District in the south-west. Sanshui administers 2 subdistricts and 5 towns:
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin|
|Xinan Subdistrict||西南街道||Xīnán Jiēdào|
|Yundonghai Subdistrict||云东海街道||Yúndōnghǎi Jiēdào|
|Lubao Town||芦苞镇||Lúbāo Zhèn|
|Datang Town||大塘镇||Dàtáng Zhèn|
|Leping Town||乐平镇||Lèpíng Zhèn|
|Baini Town||白坭镇||Báiní Zhèn|
|Nanshan Town||南山镇||Nánshān Zhèn|
Oil, coal, and slate are found in the surrounding area. However, Sanshui is also an important producer of food for Guangdong Province, especially fruit. The mainstay of the former city's economy was the Jianlibao Company, which produced a soft drink made from oranges and honey. During the 1990s, Jianlibao was a popular drink throughout China and it even made it into the Hong Kong market. However, embezzlement by the company's senior management has reduced its success. Despite Sanshui's proximity to Guangzhou and other Pearl River Delta cities, it remains a relatively poor place with many people only earning a few hundred yuan a month.
Sanshui is on the railway line from Guangzhou to Maoming. The district is served by G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway (which provides access to Kaiping and the southern suburbs of Foshan), G55 Erenhot–Guangzhou Expressway (which provides direct access to downtown Guangzhou), China National Highway 321 (which provides access to Zhaoqing) and China National Highway 324.
In February 2008, twenty fireworks warehouses exploded in Sanshui. In total over 15,000 cartons of fireworks were set off over a period of 24 hours. The loss of inventory was extensive enough that U.S. markets faced real shortages of supply.
- "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：三水区" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-23.