Sant'Agnese fuori le mura

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Church of Saint Agnes Outside the Wall
Sant'Agnese fuori le mura (Italian)
S. Agnes extra moenia (Latin)
Sant'agnese fuori le mura - esterno - 1911.jpg
The outside of Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura taken in 1911.
Basic information
Location Italy Rome, Italy
Geographic coordinates 41°55′23″N 12°31′08″E / 41.922917°N 12.518878°E / 41.922917; 12.518878Coordinates: 41°55′23″N 12°31′08″E / 41.922917°N 12.518878°E / 41.922917; 12.518878
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Titular church, minor basilica, parish church
Leadership Cardinal Camillo Ruini
Website www.santagnese.com (Parish website)
www.santagnese.org (Archeological website)
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
The altar and apse
View from the matroneum
Catacomb of Saint Agnes.

The church of Saint Agnes Outside the Wall (Italian: Sant'Agnese fuori la mura) is a titulus church, minor basilica in Rome, on a site sloping down from the Via Nomentana, which runs north-east out of the city, still under its ancient name. What is said to be the remains of Saint Agnes's are below the high altar. The church is over one of the catacombs of Rome, where Agnes was originally buried, and which still may be visited from the church. The church was built by Pope Honorius I in the 7th century, and largely retains its original structure, despite many changes to the decoration. In particular the mosaic in the apse of Agnes, Honorius and another Pope is largely in its original condition. The current Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Agnetis Extra moenia is Camillo Ruini.

History[edit]

A very large basilica was built some metres from the present church in the 4th century, to which was attached the large private mausoleum for Constantina, the daughter of Constantine I. The mausoleum was later converted into a church, which survives and is now known as Santa Costanza (she was venerated as a saint, even though she was not one officially). It contains very important 4th century mosaics, especially large areas of ceiling in a secular style, but also two small apse mosaics, one including an early depiction of Jesus in what has become the standard style of long fair hair and a halo.

The large basilica decayed during the decline of Rome, and was replaced in the 7th century by the present much smaller church, commissioned by Pope Honorius I. The lower part of the walls from about half of one side of the Constantinian basilica, and its apse, can still be seen. The new church was over what was believed to be Agnes' grave. The floor level of the 7th-century church is some two metres above the level of the catacomb floor, and the public street entrances are at the level of the 2nd floor gallery. A long wide internal set of steps, lined with inscriptions from the catacombs and other ancient buildings set into the walls, leads down from the street level to the floor level of the church. The apse mosaic from Honorius' time is still present, and less affected by restoration than most mosaics of this date. On a gold ground, a central standing figure of Agnes in the costume of a Byzantine empress is flanked by Honorius, offering a model of the building, and another pope, whose identity is uncertain. The church was also built with a separate upper gallery for women (matronaeum), similar to that of San Lorenzo fuori le mura. Saint Emerentiana was also buried here.

The catacombs are on three levels, dating from the 2nd to the 5th centuries; part of the highest level dating to the 2nd century can be visited by a guided tour. Though no paintings remain in place, there are a number of inscriptions and engraved images of interest. Many more inscriptions line the large staircase leading from the main convent above to the church.

It is in this church that on the feast day of St. Agnes (January 21), two lambs are specially blessed, usually by the pope after a pontifical high Mass; their wool is later woven into pallia, ceremonial neck-stoles sent by the popes to newly-elevated Metropolitan-archbishops to symbolise their union with the papacy.

The church is currently administrated by a French traditionalist order,[1] the Canons Regular of San Giovanni in Laterano.[2]

In legend and literature[edit]

A popular local legend says that every lord mayor of Rome secretly comes to pray at this church, on the third night after his election; in fact, there is little evidence that new sindaci really do so.

The church is the topic of Canadian author and anthropologist Margaret Visser's book The Geometry of Love, published in 2000, which describes it in exhaustive detail and discusses aspects of history, theology, architecture, symbolism and the emotional and aesthetic effects of visiting the church.

List of Cardinal Priests[edit]

References and sources[edit]

References
  1. ^ The editors of this article do not currently have the source of this information regarding the order's national origin or its traditionalism, but those who wish to further research the matter might find information about it on the Italian-language website of the Canons Regular of St. John Lateran, http://www.lateranensi.it/page.php?159
  2. ^ Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura - Churches of Rome Wiki - a Wikia wiki
Sources
  • Visser, Margaret (2001). The Geometry of Love : Space, Time, Mystery, and Meaning in an ordinary church (1st American ed. ed.). New York: North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-618-7. 

External links[edit]