Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies

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Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa
Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant'Anna
Uni scuolasupsantanapisa 2.jpg
Motto L'eccellenza come disciplina
Motto in English Committed to excellence
Established 1987 from previously existing institutions
Type State-supported
President Prof. Yves Mény
Rector Prof. Pierdomenico Perata
Admin. staff 82
Students 1,652 (including people attending masters)
Undergraduates 232
Doctoral students 163
Location Pisa, Italy
Colours Blue and Red         
Website www.sssup.it

The Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies of Pisa (Italian: Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant'Anna) is a special-statute public university located in Pisa, Italy, operating in the field of applied sciences.

The rector is Pierdomenico Perata, elected on 8 May 2013 after the resign of Maria Chiara Carrozza, who has become Member of Parliament and Minister of Education, Universities and Research. Since January 2014 the School is presided by Yves Mény. The former president was Giuliano Amato.[1][2] The Sant'Anna is part of the Pisa University System, together with the Scuola Normale Superiore and the University of Pisa.

It is one of the three officially sanctioned special-statute universities in Italy i.e. it has 'university status', being part of the process of Superior Graduate Schools in Italy (Grandes écoles)[3] or Scuola Superiore Universitaria.[4]

History[edit]

The present-day Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies is the descendant of several institutions modeled after the Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. The Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, also known in Italian as Scuola Normale (English: Normal School), is a higher learning institution in Pisa, Italy. It was founded in 1810, by Napoleonic decree, as a branch of the École Normale Supérieure of Paris.

Preamble of the Statute of Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies[edit]

The school, whose organs, in the context of the Pisa university reality, are rooted in the Collegio Medico-Giuridico already attached to the Scuola Normale Superiore and the Collegio ‘Antonio Pacinotti, and was formally established by the Law of 14 February 1987, No. 41, which marked the unification of the Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Law (7 March 1967), No. 117, and the Conservatorio di Sant’Anna, the Royal Decree of 13 February 1908 No. LXXVIII.[5]

Origins of Sant'Anna[edit]

View of Sant'Anna Church within the courtyard of Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  • Sant'Anna Church and Convent

The present-day site is acquired from a very ancient religious educational establishment. The Sant'Anna Church and Convent was established in 1406, while the church was finished in 1426, by the Order of the Benedictine Nuns (OSB).

  • Conservatorio di Sant'Anna

In 1785, the Conservatorio di Sant'Anna was initiated by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor as a consequence of abolition of the religious orders due to Leopold's reforms;[clarification needed] the convent was suppressed in 1786.[citation needed]

The present-day Structure[edit]

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and the University of Pisa create the mighty Pisa University System. To Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies has been given separate university status by the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (Italy) and together with Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa is leading the model of Scuole di Eccellenza, i.e. Superior Graduate School in Italy (Grandes écoles)[3][17]

Organization[edit]

View of the courtyard of Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies: main gate

Students are admitted after passing a public national and international competitions. Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies offers to those who decide to take excellence, a multi-disciplinary approach to learning, research and internationalization.

As for its statute, the aims of Sant'Anna school of advanced studies are:

  • To promote the development of culture, scientific and technological research, and innovation;
  • To offer quality undergraduate, graduate and continuing education;
  • To ensure high-quality studies through the ongoing interectation of research and instruction.

The mission of the Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies is to pave innovative pathways in education and research, responding to the modernization and innovation of society itself. This mission is pursued through the valorization of the autonomy and flexibility that characterize the Sant'Anna School and that derive from its status as an autonomous university by special statute.[citation needed]

Academics and research[edit]

Students are admitted after passing a public national and international competitions. The fields of study and research are:

Social Sciences Class
Experimental Sciences Class

Undergraduate Programs[edit]

Potential under graduates undergo a rigorous public examination, and only the very best are creamed off to combine their Pisa University studies with the extra options available at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, thus these students are called Honors College Students. Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna is also integrated with the Scuola Normale Superiore and Honors College Students are free to attend courses provided by departments other than their own, as well as those provided by the Scuola Normale Superiore.[11]

As of 2007, 42 freshmen are admitted per year. The School offers all of its services free of charge; students also receive a small monthly income. While attending the Pisa University courses, the Honors College Students (allievi) live in the school's college. Students have to achieve a high average grade in university exams and attend internal courses (including 2 foreign language classes) taught by professors and researchers working at the School, both as an integration and as an extension to the regular academic schedule.[11]

Graduate Programs[edit]

The School also offers graduate courses such as master and doctoral programmes, provided by its research laboratories and joint ventures with foreign universities, leading enterprises and international organizations.

Master Courses[edit]

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies offers the fallowing Master's degrees :[18] - Master's Degrees and Post-Graduate Courses (Laurea Magistrale)

1. Master's Degrees (Laurea Magistrale):

2. Joint Master’s Programmes i.e. Joint Double Degree Post-Graduate Courses University of Trento(UniTN) - Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna:

  • Graduate Program in Information Science and Technology is a joint initiative which grants Master Level degree issued by University of Trento and Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies i.e. "Laurea Magistrale in Informatica"[23]
  • Graduate Programme in Information and Communication Technologies is a joint initiative which grants M.Sc. degree in Telecommunications Engineering (Laurea Magistrale in Ingegneria delle Telecomunicazioni) from University of Trento and a Master of Engineering in Computer Network Engineering (Diploma di Formazione alla Ricerca in Computer Network Engineering) from Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies.[24]

Levels[edit]

Level I Masters Degrees:

  • Master of Arts in Human Rights and Conflict Management, under patronage of United Nations Regional Information Centre (UNRIC)[25]
  • Master A Scuola di Pluralismo, a collaboration between Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Pisa[26]
  • Level II Masters Degrees:
  • Master in Management, innovation and engineering of services (Management, Innovazione e Ingegneria dei Servizi - MAINS), a collaboration between Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies - Institute of Management and the "Center for Open Innovation" of Haas School of Business - University of California, Berkeley[27]
  • Master in Management and Health[28]
  • Master in Environment Management and control: techniques and tecnologies for the waste Cycle[29]
  • Master in Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine, named after PierGiorgio Data, in collaboration with the Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Pisa[30][31]
  • Master in Ultrasound and Color Doppler Applications in Nephrology (Ecografia Clinica ed Applicazioni Color Doppler in Nefrologia)[32]

International Masters[edit]

Doctoral Programs (PhD)[edit]

The first institution in Italy to create a doctoral program (PhD) was Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa in 1927 under the historic name "Diploma di Perfezionamento".[13][38] Research doctorates or PhD (Italian: Dottorato di ricerca) in Italy were introduced with law and Presidential Decree in 1980 (Law of February 21, 1980, No. 28 and the Presidential Decree No. 382 of 11 July 1980), referring to the reform of academic teaching, training and experimentation in organisation and teaching methods.[39][40]

Hence, the Superior Graduate Schools in Italy (Grandes écoles)[3] (Italian: Scuola Superiore Universitaria),[4] also called Schools of Excellence (Italian: Scuole di Eccellenza)[3][41] such as Scuola Normale Superiore and Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies still keep their reputed historical "Diploma di Perfezionamento" PhD title by law[38][42] and MIUR Decree.[43][44]

The Doctoral Programmes[42][43] at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies grant Diploma di Perfezionamento, a degree fully equivalent to a PhD and are recognized International Doctoral Programmes involving various forms of collaboration and joint ventures with foreign universities.[42]

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies offer the following doctoral programs:

  • Executive Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA), offered by the Institute of Management[45] in partnership with the Grenoble Ecole de Management(GEM). There are two modules:[46]
  1. DBA EU (Pisa/Grenoble) - with courses at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna and Grenoble Ecole de Management(GEM)
  2. DBA China (Pisa/Grenoble/Chongqing) - with courses at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Grenoble Ecole de Management(GEM) and Chongqing University. The DBA is a four-years course, specifically designed for managers and executives, with a strong emphasis on management disciplines, during which participants acquire research skills and develop a rigorous research project regarding topics of interest. As a professional practice doctorate the DBA is equivalent to a PhD, but the emphasis is on applied rather than theoretical research.[46][47]
  • Politics, human rights and sustainability,[51] under patronage of United Nations Regional Information Centre (UNRIC). It draws experience from the Schools research centers in politics: CDG Laboratory - International Research Laboratory on Conflict, Development and Global Politics, ITPCM - International Training Programme for Conflict Management and the Iran Electoral Archive.
  • Individual person and legal protections,[52] an interdisciplinary connotation on the subject of the protection of the individual in modern society. It encompasses the LIDER - International and Comparative Law Research Laboratory, STALS -Sant’Anna Legal Studies and the Research Centre on Social, Juridical and Human Rights Sciences.
  • Innovative strategies in biomedical research,[53] which consists in the System Physiology, Experimental and Clinical and the Physiological Genomics and Molecular Medicine. It has very well respected laboratories at Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche i.e. CNR.
  • Innovative Technologies of Information & Computer Engineering and Robotics,[54] which involves advanced research in four major areas of the Graduate School of Engineering: Bio-Robotics, Embedded Systems, Perceptual Robotics, Telecommunications. The research is conducted in very advanced laboratories in cooperation with well respected international industrial companies at Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche i.e. CNR, Polo Sant'Anna Valdera at the Piaggio factory laboratories, laboratories in Genova and Livorno.

Post-Doctoral Education and Research[edit]

Partnerships exist with many foreign universities, such as University of California, Berkeley, Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, Harvard University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Max Planck Society, ETH Zurich, University College London, Imperial College London, University of Sussex, Waseda University, Osaka University, Chongqing University, University of Strasbourg, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, University of Toronto, Utrecht University, Berlin Institute of Technology, National Institute of Information and Communications Technologies of Japan, etc.[citation needed]

There are also worldwide important international corporations and industrial partners that are closely linked to Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, such as: the nearby Piaggio where there are special Sant'Anna Laboratories at the Polo Sant'Anna Valdera (PSAV),[57][58] which contributes to the industrial process, Finmeccanica, Fiat (Centro Ricerche Fiat), Telecom Italia, Marconi Communications, Ericsson Research, Deutsche Telekom, Mistubishi Electric Corporation, Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd, etc.

Polo Sant'Anna Valdera (PSAV)[59] is a research centre of Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies based in Pontedera (Pisa). It was inaugurated in 2002 thanks to the interest of the then president of Piaggio, Giovanni Alberto Agnelli. The property is housed in converted sheds donated by Piaggio.[60] The main research is in the fields of robotics, bioengineering, biotechnology, precision engineering, computing and virtual environments. Polo Sant'Anna Valdera (PSAV) has 25 offices, 4 classrooms for teaching, 7 laboratories, 20 rooms, all six thousand square meters. There currently employs about hundred people. The most important project in these laboratories is a bionic hand for people to have an upper limb amputee.[61] The ARTS Lab - Advanced Robotics Technology and System, created the famous breakthrough in the field of bio-robotics with the so-called CYBER HAND, shown on CNN International's Vital Signs Life Hand report. Sant'Anna also undertakes many international projects which are tied to the European Commission, the Government of Italy and its ministries, as well as regional projects of the Region of Tuscany and the Province of Pisa. The school maintains a number of research laboratories, some of which are located at the National Research Council (CNR) whose largest research center is in Pisa.

In the framework of the bilateral cooperation between Italy and China i.e. the Office of Chinese Language Council International (HanBan), Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna hosts the third Italian Istituto Confucio i.e. Confucius Institute.

Research Institutes:[62]

Laboratories and research centers[edit]

Management[edit]

Economics[edit]

Laws[edit]

Political Science[edit]

Engineering[edit]

Agrobiosciences[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Partner universities and International Agreements[edit]

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies has signed international agreements with respected partner universities around the globe.[65][66]

Europe

The Americas

Asia

Middle East

Africa

Rankings[edit]

As part of the Pisa University System, Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies is small and elite, specialised only in applied sciences.

Notable Alumni and Faculty[edit]

Faculty and Alumni of note include:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Giuliano Amato designato Presidente della Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna at SSSUP
  2. ^ Giuliano Amato nuovo presidente della Scuola Sant'Anna at Il Tirreno
  3. ^ a b c d Ricerca Italiana - Scuole di Eccellenza
  4. ^ a b c "Italy's big six form network for elite", Times Higher Education by Paul Bompard, 18 February 2000.
  5. ^ a b c Statuto della Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna in Gazzetta Ufficiale (Italian); 28 December 2011 (Italian)
  6. ^ a b La Normale nella Repubblica: Collegio medico-giuridico della Normale diventa il primo nucleo della attuale Scuola di studi universitari e di perfezionamento Sant'Anna (Italian)
  7. ^ a b c d e Nicola Bellini, Nadio Delai (a cura di), Merito, Ambizione, Collegialità: il contributo della Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna alla formazione della classe dirigente, ETS, Pisa, 2009 (Italian)
  8. ^ a b c d e f Nicola Bellini, Nadio Delai (a cura di), Merito, Ambizione, Collegialità: il contributo della Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna alla formazione della classe dirigente, ETS, Pisa (2009) (Italian)
  9. ^ a b c d Gianluca Breghi, Elisa Neri (a cura di), La chiesa e il monastero di Sant'Anna in Pisa: sede della Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Bandecchi & Vivaldi, Pontedera, 2002 (Italian)
  10. ^ a b c d Silvia Alessi, L'educazione del cuore e la formazione del carattere:vita collegiale della giovine al Conservatorio di Sant'Anna in Pisa. 1860-1920, ETS, Pisa (2006) (Italian)
  11. ^ a b c d e f Guide for International Students, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, II Edition, 2011; accessed 28 February 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d Dino Satriano, 'Dove crescono i talenti. Viaggio nella Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa', Felici Editore (2010) (Italian); accessed 28 February 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e Student Guidebook - Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa website (Italian); accessed 28 February 2014.
  14. ^ Écoles de l'an III, bretagne.ens-cachan.fr/version-francaise; (Italian) accessed 28 February 2014 (French)
  15. ^ a b [1] L. 14 febbraio 1987, n. 41 Istituzione della Scuola superiore di studi universitari e di perfezionamento S. Anna di Pisa
  16. ^ a b Università in Italia, Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (Italian), accessed 28 February 2014.
  17. ^ Official website (Italian); accessed 28 February 2014.
  18. ^ Master Courses at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  19. ^ MAIN - Master in Innovation Management at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Trento
  20. ^ MAIN Brochure - Master in Innovation Management at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Trento
  21. ^ Master Degree (Laurea Magistrale) in Economics at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Pisa
  22. ^ Master Degree(Laurea Magistrale) in Computer Science and Networking at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Pisa
  23. ^ Graduate Program in Information Science and Technology at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Trento
  24. ^ Graduate Programme in Information and Communication Technologies at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Trento
  25. ^ MAHRCM Brochure
  26. ^ Master di primo livello “A scuola di pluralismo” at University of Pisa
  27. ^ Master in Management, innovation and engineering of services (Management, Innovazione e Ingegneria dei Servizi - MAINS) web page
  28. ^ Master in Management and Health at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies web site
  29. ^ Master Environment Management at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  30. ^ Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Pisa
  31. ^ PierGiorgio Data at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  32. ^ Master di II livello in "Ecografia Clinica ed Applicazioni Color Doppler in Nefrologia" at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  33. ^ International Master's on Communication Networks Engineering at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  34. ^ International Master in Information Technology at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  35. ^ International Master on Virtual Environment Technologies for Industrial Applications at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and University of Brasov
  36. ^ International Master’s in the Preservation and Development of Wisdom Culture and the Art of Liberation (WISDOM) at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies and Istituto Lama Tzong Khapa
  37. ^ a b c d e MAsters on Photonic NETworks engineering (MAPNET); accessed 28 February 2014.
  38. ^ a b STATUTO DELLA SCUOLA NORMALE SUPERIORE DI PISA (legge 18 giugno 1986, n. 308)
  39. ^ Law of February 21, 1980, No. 28
  40. ^ Decreto Presidente Repubblica 11 luglio 1980, n. 382
  41. ^ Scuole di Eccellenza
  42. ^ a b c Article 3 of the Law of 14 February 1987, No.41 | L. 14 febbraio 1987, n. 41 Istituzione della Scuola superiore di studi universitari e di perfezionamento S. Anna di Pisa
  43. ^ a b Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR) Decree
  44. ^ Università in Italia, Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR)
  45. ^ a b c Institute of Management
  46. ^ a b Executive Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA)
  47. ^ Brochure of Executive Doctorate of Business Administration (DBA)
  48. ^ International Doctoral Programme in Urban Studies
  49. ^ Gran Sasso Science Institute
  50. ^ International Doctoral Programme in Economics
  51. ^ Doctoral Programme in Politics, human rights and sustainability
  52. ^ Doctoral Programme in Individual person and legal protections
  53. ^ Doctoral Programme in Innovative strategies in biomedical research
  54. ^ Doctoral Programme in Innovative Technologies of Info. & Com. Eng. and Robotics
  55. ^ Doctoral Programme in Agrobiosciences
  56. ^ Doctoral Programme in Agrobiodiversity
  57. ^ La mano bionica che 'parla' con il cervello, corriere.it; accessed 27 February 2014.
  58. ^ DustBot, il vero WALL•E, il robot spazzino; (Italian) accessed 28 February 2014.
  59. ^ Brochure Polo Sant’Anna Valdera (PSV)
  60. ^ Info on Polo Sant’Anna Valdera (PSV)
  61. ^ La mano bionica che 'parla' con il cervello, corriere.it; accessed 28 February 2014.
  62. ^ Istituti tematici at Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant'Anna
  63. ^ Institute of Managementat at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna[dead link]
  64. ^ Institute of Communication, Information and Perception Technologies at Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna
  65. ^ Partner institutions & International agreements of Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  66. ^ Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa Exchange Agreements
  67. ^ a b c d e f g Partner Institutions & International agreements of PhD Management at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  68. ^ Partner institutions & International agreements of PhD Economics at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  69. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)
  70. ^ Top universities and specialisms Article "Invest your talent in Italy: graduate study opportunities in Southern Europe" in Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings on Sat, 09/15/2007
  71. ^ Article "Top ten things to do while studying abroad in... Italy" in Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings
  72. ^ Graduate/Postgraduate Profile of Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna at Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings
  73. ^ "Invest your Talent in Italy” programme by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and by the Italian Ministry for Economic Development
  74. ^ "Italian graduate programmes on the world's stage" Article by QS World University Rankings on 13 June, 2011
  75. ^ European Research Ranking 2010
  76. ^ RICERCA PER INDICE H. di Daniele Checchi e Tullio Jappelli, 16.12.2008
  77. ^ Classifica degli Atenei italiani: bene Unifi, Unipi e Sant’Anna di Pisa, STAMP Toscana, September, 2013
  78. ^ Il rapporto Anvur premia l’eccellenza della Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, AIRI - Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca Industriale, September, 2013
  79. ^ Rapporto finale, Le Università al top: Piccole strutture (pdf), Agenzia nazionale di valutazione del sistema universitario e della ricerca (ANVUR), 30 Giugno 2013
  80. ^ Agenzia nazionale di valutazione del sistema universitario e della ricerca (ANVUR), 30 Giugno 2013
  81. ^ Rapporto finale, Valutazione della Qualità della Ricerca 2004-2010, ANVUR, 30 Giugno 2013
  82. ^ Rapporto finale PDF - Agenzia nazionale di valutazione del sistema universitario e della ricerca (ANVUR), 30 Giugno 2013
  83. ^ Antonio Maccanico - Parlamento italiano, Camera dei deputati
  84. ^ Giovanni Pieraccini-Fondazione di Studi Storici 'Filippo Turati'
  85. ^ Giovanni Pieraccini-Senato della Repubblica
  86. ^ Carlo Smuraglia-Senato della Repubblica
  87. ^ a b Nasce il governo Letta - Corriere della Sera
  88. ^ Vittorio Grilli vice ministro Economia
  89. ^ Consiglio di amministrazione della Scuola superiore di studi universitari e di perfezionamento Sant'Anna di Pisa
  90. ^ Board of Members - Bruegel
  91. ^ Riccardo Varaldo profile at BusinessWeek
  92. ^ Istituto Regionale Programmazione Economica della Toscana
  93. ^ Giovanni Dosi CV
  94. ^ Stefan Collignon web page
  95. ^ Marco Frey web page
  96. ^ Marco Frey at Institute of Management - Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  97. ^ Marco Frey at Bocconi
  98. ^ Fabio Iraldo web page
  99. ^ Fabio Iraldo at Institute of Management - Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  100. ^ Fabio Iraldo at Bocconi
  101. ^ Alberto Di Minin web page
  102. ^ Francesca Gino at Harvard Business School
  103. ^ Francesco Strazzari web page
  104. ^ Francesco Strazzari at Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University
  105. ^ Antonio L'Abbate at Top Italian Scientists
  106. ^ Antonio L'Abbate at Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies
  107. ^ Journal of Real-Time Systems (Springer)
  108. ^ IEEE Technical Committee on Real-Time Systems
  109. ^ Mikhail Anufriev at University of Amsterdam
  110. ^ Mikhail Anufriev at CeNDEF University of Amsterdam
  111. ^ Anna Bassi at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  112. ^ Michele Berardi at University of Manchester
  113. ^ Matteo Barigozzi at London School of Economics and Political Science
  114. ^ Carolina Castaldi at University of Utrecht
  115. ^ Marco Giarratana at Universidad Carlos III Madrid
  116. ^ Mauro Napoletano at OFCE, Science Po
  117. ^ Cinzia Daraio at University of Bologna

Coordinates: 43°43′13.23″N 10°24′10.34″E / 43.7203417°N 10.4028722°E / 43.7203417; 10.4028722