Sant'Anna di Stazzema

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Sant'Anna
Frazione
Ruins of the village in 2008
Ruins of the village in 2008
Sant'Anna is located in Italy
Sant'Anna
Sant'Anna
Location of Sant'Anna in Italy
Coordinates: 43°58′27″N 10°16′25″E / 43.97417°N 10.27361°E / 43.97417; 10.27361Coordinates: 43°58′27″N 10°16′25″E / 43.97417°N 10.27361°E / 43.97417; 10.27361
Country  Italy
Region  Tuscany
Province Lucca (LU)
Comune Stazzema
Elevation 660 m (2,170 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 27
Demonym
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 55040
Dialing code (+39) 0584
Patron saint St. Anne
Website Official website

Sant'Anna di Stazzema, officially Sant'Anna, is a village in Tuscany in central Italy. Administratively, it is a frazione of the comune of Stazzema, in the province of Lucca.[2][1]

History[edit]

In 1944, it was the site of a notorious Nazi crime against humanity made by a part of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS during World War II. In the morning of 12 August, about 560 (130 children) local villagers and refugees were murdered and their bodies burnt in a scorched earth policy action.[3] After the war, the village was only partially rebuilt.

The massacre gained high notoriety from 1994. During an investigation of the military attorney Antonino Intelisano, 695 files about war crimes in Italy during World War II were found in a wooden cabinet, known as the Armadio della vergogna (armoire of shame), located in a palace of Rome.[4]

Since 2000, it has been the site of the Italian National Park of Peace (Parco Nazionale della Pace) with memorials and a museum[5] dedicated to the massacre.

Geography[edit]

Located in the Apuan Alps, Sant'Anna is a mountain village that is 12 km far from Pietrasanta and 16 from its Marina, on the Mediterranean Sea; 18 km from Viareggio, 24 from Massa and 37 from Carrara. Nearest train station is the one of Pietrasanta, on Pisa-Genoa line; and nearest motorway exit is "Viareggio-Camaiore", on the A12.[6]

Gallery[edit]

Ossuary and monument to the victims of the massacre 
Village church 

Popular culture[edit]

The massacre inspired the novel Miracle at St. Anna by James McBride, and Spike Lee's film (2008) of the same title that was based on it.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]