Sant'Ivo dei Bretoni

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Church of St. Ivo of the Bretons
Sant'Ivo dei Bretoni (Italian)
Saint Yves-des-Bretons (French)
Façade de Saint-Yves-des-Bretons.jpg
Façade of Sant'Ivo dei Bretoni, National Church in Rome of France (Brittany).
Basic information
Location Italy Rome
Geographic coordinates 41°54′9.3″N 12°28′29.2″E / 41.902583°N 12.474778°E / 41.902583; 12.474778Coordinates: 41°54′9.3″N 12°28′29.2″E / 41.902583°N 12.474778°E / 41.902583; 12.474778
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Ecclesiastical or organizational status National Church in Rome of France
Leadership Don Jean Patrick Louis-Jacques[1]
Website Official website
Architectural description
Architect(s) Luca Carimini
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Neo-Renaissance
Groundbreaking 12th century
Completed 1890

The Church of Saint Ivo of the Bretons (Italian: Sant'Ivo dei Bretoni, French: Saint Yves-des-Bretons) is a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Ivo of Kermartin, patron of Brittany.[2][3] It is one of the national churches in Rome dedicated to France (Brittany).

History[edit]

Pope Callixtus III (1455-1458) give the church of St. Andrea de Mortarariis to the Breton community in Rome. It became a center for assistance to Breton pilgrims. The church was pulled down and rebuilt in 1878 by Luca Carimini in Neo-Renaissance style.

Roma Sant'Ivo dei Bretoni - Ipotesi di sopravvivenza degli elementi antichi nella nuova struttura

The hypothesis[4] that the elements of the ancient church walls have been retained in the new construction, which consists of buildings and the new church, is founded. The maintenance of the old apse, would coincide with the current chapel of the Blessed Virgin (Santa Vergine). Some considerations in support of this hypothesis relate to the form of the new church. The persistence of the masonry structure of the apse, with its proportions, would have affected the plan and the elevation development. The 90 ° rotation of the axis of the church (necessary for obtaining a building of smaller dimensions in the same lot), would have required the construction of a symmetric chapel, equally great.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official website of the Vicariate of Rome
  2. ^ Les Pieux Etablissements De La France A Rome et A Lorette (in French)
  3. ^ Les églises Française de Rome (Official website)
  4. ^ Simona Sajeva, “La chiesa di Sant’Ivo dei Bretoni e la sua ricostruzione nel 1875”, Studi Romani, Ans LIV – NN. 1-2 Gennaio- Giugno 2006, Roma.

References[edit]

  • Senekovic, Darko (2010). "S. Ivo de’Bretoni". In Peter Cornelius Claussen. Die Kirchen der Stadt Rom im Mittelalter 1050-1300 (in German). Band 3 (G-L). Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 237–247. ISBN 978-3-515-09410-8. 
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Macerlean, A.A. (1913). "St. Ives". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  • François Macé de Lépinay, "Architecture religieuse à Rome à la fin du xixe siècle: la reconstruction de Saint-Yves-des-Bretons", Les fondations nationales dans la Rome pontificale, Collection de l'École Française de Rome 52, Académie de France Villa Médicis et École Française de Rome Palais Farnèse, 1981, p. 433