Santa Ana Volcano

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Santa Ana Volcano
Santa Ana Volcano.USAF.C-130.3.jpg
Close up aerial view of the nested summit calderas and craters, along with the crater lake
Elevation 2,381 m (7,812 ft)
Location
Santa Ana Volcano is located in El Salvador
Santa Ana Volcano
Santa Ana Volcano
Location in El Salvador
Location El Salvador
Range Cordillera de Apaneca
Coordinates 13°51′11″N 89°37′48″W / 13.853°N 89.630°W / 13.853; -89.630Coordinates: 13°51′11″N 89°37′48″W / 13.853°N 89.630°W / 13.853; -89.630
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption June to October 2005

The Santa Ana Volcano or Ilamatepec (Spanish: volcán de Santa Ana) is a large cinder cone volcano located in the Santa Ana department of El Salvador. At 2,381 metres above sea level, it is the highest volcano in the country. It is located immediately west of Coatepeque Caldera.

The volcano was the inspiration for one of the active volcanoes in Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's famous French novella (The Little Prince), based on his life with his Salvadoran wife Consuelo de Saint Exupéry, who was The Rose in the story.[citation needed]

The summit of Santa Ana features four nested calderas and volcanic craters, with the innermost containing a small crater lake. Collapse of the summit during the late Pleistocene (inferring from underlying soil samples, the upper age limit is no more than 57 000 years ago) produced a massive debris avalanche that reached the Pacific Ocean, forming the Acajutla Peninsula. Subsequent eruptions have largely rebuilt the edifice. There have been numerous historical eruptions since the 16th century, both at the summit and from cinder cones on the lower flanks, and also the flank vents of San Marcelino located east of Santa Ana. The San Marcelino vents erupted in 1722 and flowed eastwards for 11 km, destroying the village of San Juan Tecpan.

In October, 2005, the volcano erupted, killing at least two people, injuring seven people, forcing many people to flee their villages. The volcano spat rocks for over 1.5 km (0.93 mi) with rocks the size of cars. The eruption contributed to the damage from Hurricane Stan. The most recent previous eruption had been in 1904.

Santa Ana volcano (background, far right) with Izalco to the far left, Cerro Verde center and San marcelino vents in the foreground.

Climate[edit]

The climate on the northeast facing slope of the volcano sees substantial rainfall in the summer months. Located at 13.9 N, 89.6 W, altitude : 1770 m, the climate is classified as a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb).

Climate data for Santa Ana, Volcano; 13.9 N, 89.6 W, altitude : 1770 m
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.0
(68)
19.2
(66.6)
18.9
(66)
21.08
(69.94)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.7
(58.5)
15.3
(59.5)
17.0
(62.6)
17.7
(63.9)
17.9
(64.2)
17.2
(63)
17.1
(62.8)
17.1
(62.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.2
(61.2)
15.2
(59.4)
14.7
(58.5)
16.42
(61.57)
Average low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
11.6
(52.9)
12.8
(55)
13.9
(57)
14.6
(58.3)
14.3
(57.7)
14.0
(57.2)
14.0
(57.2)
14.2
(57.6)
13.6
(56.5)
12.7
(54.9)
11.8
(53.2)
13.23
(55.81)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
5
(0.2)
19
(0.75)
64
(2.52)
223
(8.78)
427
(16.81)
417
(16.42)
393
(15.47)
452
(17.8)
208
(8.19)
48
(1.89)
10
(0.39)
2,274
(89.53)
Source: HKO[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sheets P D, 2004. Apocalypse then: social science approaches to volcanism, people, and cultures in the Zapotitan Valley, El Salvador. Rose W. I., Bommer J. J., Lopez D. L., Carr M. J., Major J. J. (eds), Natural Hazards in El Salvador. Bolder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 375, pp 109–120.
  • Siebert, L. Kimberly, P., and Pullinger, C.R, 2004, The voluminous Acajulta debris avalanche from Santa Ana Volcano, western El Salvador, and comparison with other Central American edifice-failure evens, in Rose, W.I. et al., Natural Hazards in El Salvador. Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Special Paper 375, pp 5–23.
  1. ^ "Climatological Normals of Los Andes". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 

External links[edit]