Pedernales, Pedernales

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Pedernales
Pedernales is located in the Dominican Republic
Pedernales
Pedernales
Location of Pedernales in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°02′N 71°45′W / 18.033°N 71.750°W / 18.033; -71.750
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Pedernales
Founded 1927
Municipality since 1957
Area[1]
 • Total 1,274.67 km2 (492.15 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 27,955
 • Density 22/km2 (57/sq mi)
 • Demonym Pedernalense
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

335 km
Municipal Districts
2
Pedernales, Dominican Republic, May 2007.
Border between Haiti and Dominican Republic, viewed from D.R. side, May 2007.

The Dominican city of Pedernales is the capital of the Pedernales Province, in the Dominican Republic. It is located in the southwest of the country. As it is located on the border, there is a crossing to the Haitian town of Anse-à-Pitres.

National Parks[edit]

These two parks, along with Lake Enriquillo and adjoining zones of the Municipality Pedernales, form the first biosphere reserve in the country.

History[edit]

The official foundation of the colony of Pedernales was produced in the year 1927 during the Government of Horacio Vásquez, who appointed as Administrator to the well-known writer Sócrates Nolasco.

The colonists proceeded of Duvergé mostly. The first one was Mrs Epiphany Rocha, later other families from Barahona arrived, Oviedo and Villa Jaragua. In the year 1937 the highway was built to join with this locality and Oviedo, in whose works they participated 500 men divided into brigades of 10 each one.

By Resolution of the City Hall of Enriquillo in the 1938, Pedernales was raised to Municipal District.

The name of Pedernales stems from the denomination Flint that is a variety of very common quartz of yellowish color "that produces spark with the link". This stone is found in the river of Pedernales, that limit frontier in the south extreme between Haiti and Dominican Republic.

Culture[edit]

  • Grupo de Baile Folklórico
  • Baton Ballet
  • Banda de Música
  • Palos y Atabales
  • Pelea de Gallos

Touristic Places[edit]

Climate[edit]

Its location over a number of rain shadows through the highlands of Hispaniola from the northeasterly trade winds gives Pedernales a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). Rainfall is very low except in September and October when tropical cyclones may strike the whole island, and temperatures are generally oppressively hot.

Climate data for Pedernales, Dominican Republic
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.5
(88.7)
31.3
(88.3)
31.8
(89.2)
32.6
(90.7)
33.5
(92.3)
34.8
(94.6)
36.0
(96.8)
36.1
(97)
35.8
(96.4)
34.9
(94.8)
33.6
(92.5)
32.2
(90)
33.68
(92.62)
Average low °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.5
(67.1)
20.1
(68.2)
20.9
(69.6)
21.8
(71.2)
22.4
(72.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.2
(72)
21.0
(69.8)
19.9
(67.8)
21.41
(70.54)
Rainfall mm (inches) 8.5
(0.335)
9.4
(0.37)
20.2
(0.795)
42.0
(1.654)
71.1
(2.799)
24.1
(0.949)
27.0
(1.063)
57.2
(2.252)
91.4
(3.598)
83.6
(3.291)
42.8
(1.685)
20.3
(0.799)
497.6
(19.59)
Source: [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in french). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ "Pedernales, Dominican Republic". Climate Charts. Retrieved 17 December 2011. 

Coordinates: 18°02′N 71°45′W / 18.033°N 71.750°W / 18.033; -71.750