Santa Catarina Juquila

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Santa Catarina Juquila
Municipality and town
Santa Catarina Juquila is located in Mexico
Santa Catarina Juquila
Santa Catarina Juquila
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 16°14′N 97°18′W / 16.233°N 97.300°W / 16.233; -97.300
Country  Mexico
State Oaxaca
Population (2005)
 • Total 5,579
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

Santa Catarina Juquila is a town in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, and is the seat of the municipality also called Santa Catarina Juquila. It is part of the Juquila District in the center of the Costa Region. The name "Juquila" comes from "Xuhquililla", which means "Place of blue milkweed".[1]

Environment[edit]

The total area of the municipality is 811.42 km2 in rugged terrain in the foothills of the Sierra Madre del Sur. The climate is temperate humid, with maximum temperatures of 20°C, minimum 12°C and average 16°C.. Annual rainfall is 854 mm, higher from May to September and lower from October to April. Trees include pine, oak, mahogany, cedar, oak, coral, topehuaje, blackwood, ebony, jacaranda and ash. Fruit trees include orange, lemon, mamey, banana, pomegranate and guava. Wild fauna are deer, badgers, iguana and armadillo.[1]

Town[edit]

Virgen de Juquila

The town has a population of 5,579 inhabitants and is at an altitude of 1,462 meters above sea level.[2] It is located north of Puerto Escondido on Federal Highway 131.[3]

The town is known for the Santuario (Sanctuary) de Juquila which houses a 30 cm statue of the Virgin Mary, which has been venerated since the 16th century. In 1633, it survived, completely intact, a fire that destroyed the village in which it was originally located. At the beginning of the 18th century, it was moved to its current location where the sanctuary was built for it. Thousands visit this Virgin from across the state of Oaxaca, other parts of Mexico and abroad .[3]

People[edit]

In 2005 the municipality had 2,715 households with a total of 14,380 inhabitants of whom 4,168 people who speak an indigenous language.[1] Juquila is one of the centers of the Chatino people, related to the Zapotec but with a distinct language.[4] The Union of Indigenous Communities of the Isthmus Region, a cooperative founded in 1982, assists in production and distribution of the local products, notably coffee, under a fair trade label.[5]

Communities[edit]

As municipal seat, Santa Catarina Juquila has governing jurisdiction over the following communities:

  • Ampliación Barrio Grande y la Asunción
  • Arroyo Triste
  • Arroyo Trompo,
  • Cañada de Otate,
  • Cerro Iglesia,
  • Cinco Negritos,
  • Cruz de Palo,
  • El Borrego,
  • El Cacao,
  • El Camalote,
  • El Cangrejo,
  • El Carrizo,
  • El Cereso,
  • El Ciruelo,
  • El Coquito,
  • El Corozal Grande,
  • El Corozalito,
  • El Destino,
  • El Mamey,
  • El Mosquito,
  • El Nanche,
  • El Obispo,
  • El Ocote Solo,
  • El Otate,
  • El Pedimento,
  • El Platanar,
  • El Portillo,
  • El Portillo Amialtepec,
  • El Salar,
  • Finca Manuel León,
  • Junta de los Ríos,
  • La Asunción,
  • La Cieneguilla,
  • La Esmeralda,
  • La Esperanza,
  • La Guadalupe,
  • La Jícara,
  • La Juquilita,
  • La Matraca (Llano de los Ocotes),
  • La Sanguijuela,
  • La Soledad,
  • La Soledad el Mapache,
  • La Unión,
  • La Yerba Buena,
  • Las Trancas,
  • Llano Grande,
  • Loma Bonita,
  • Los Tres Reyes las Canoas,
  • Mata Sandía
  • Monte Obscuro,
  • Paso Hondo,
  • Pie del Cerro,
  • Plan del Ciruelo,
  • Pueblo Viejo,
  • Río Bajo (La Reforma),
  • San Felipe de Jesús,
  • San Francisco Ixpantepec,
  • San José Ixtápam,
  • San José Vista Hermosa (Aguacatal Grande),
  • San Lucas,
  • San Marcos Zacatepec,
  • Santa María Amialtepec,
  • Santa María Yolotepec,
  • Santiago Miramar,
  • Vista al Mar (Agua Podrida)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Santa Catarina Juquila". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  2. ^ "pueblosamerica.com Santa Catarina Juquila". Retrieved 2008-02-20. 
  3. ^ a b Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "Ciudad de Oaxaca". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca 137. 
  4. ^ "Chatino of Oaxaca". Mexican Textiles. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  5. ^ "Union of Indigenous Communities of the Isthmus Region". GPIAtlantic. Retrieved 2010-07-18. 

Coordinates: 16°14′N 97°18′W / 16.233°N 97.300°W / 16.233; -97.300