Santa Catarina Island
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Portuguese Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
|Native name: Santa Catarina
|Area||424.4 km2 (163.86 sq mi)|
|Population||421,203 (as of 2010)|
|Density||602.29 /km2 (1,559.92 /sq mi)|
Santa Catarina Island (Portuguese: Ilha de Santa Catarina) is an island in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, located off the southern coast. It is approximately 54 km (33 mi) long (measuring north-south) by 18 km (11 mi) wide, measuring east-west at its widest point (in the north of the island), with a total area of 424.4 km² (163.9 mi²).
It is home to the state capital, Florianópolis, and is connected to the mainland by three bridges, two of which are currently in operation. The island also contains numerous beach resorts, including: Jurerê Intenacional, Santinho, Canasvieiras and Cachoeira do Bom Jesus.
A large part of the Florianópolis district lies within the borders of the island. The downtown area lies in the mid-west, but many other neighborhoods and districts are spread over the island. One notable neighborhood is Trindade, where the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC) is located. In the north, the communities of Ingleses, Canasvieiras and Jurerê can be found, and those of Vargem Grande and Vargem Pequena are in the far north. The neighborhoods Santo Antônio de Lisboa, Cacupé, Sambaqui, Barra do Sambaqui, Rio Vermelho and Praia da Daniela are located in the northwest. To the south lie Pântano do Sul, Costa de Dentro, Caieira da Barra do Sul and Ribeirão da Ilha, though Costa de Cima is in the mid-south. Morro das Pedras and Armação do Pântano do Sul lie in the southeast. The east contains the communities Barra da Lagoa, Lagoa da Conceição, Rio Tavares and Campeche. Other neighborhoods on the island include Carvoeira, Córrego Grande, Itacorubi, Pantanal, Parque São Jorge, and Santa Mônica.
The island is the largest of an archipelago of more than 30 islands, the majority of which lie within the Florianópolis municipality. Nearby islands also part of the archipelago, but which belong to other districts, include: Anhatomirim Island, Cabras Island, Arvoredo Island, Deserta Island and Galés Island.
The three main bridges, Hercílio Luz Bridge (closed since 1991), Colombo Salles Bridge and Pedro Ivo Campos Bridge, span a 500-meter wide and 28-meter deep channel which delimits the north and south bays of the island. One of the continental neighborhoods in Florianópolis is named after this strait.