Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico
|Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico|
|• Total||2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)|
|• Land||2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||5,607 ft (1,709 m)|
|• Density||471.6/sq mi (182.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0928813|
Santa Clara Pueblo
|Nearest city||Espanola, New Mexico|
|Area||24 acres (9.7 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||74001199|
|Added to NRHP||November 05, 1974|
Santa Clara Pueblo (Tewa: Kha'po) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 980 at the 2000 census, although, approximately 3,800 reside on the reservation. Santa Clara Pueblo was established about 1550.
The pueblo is a member of the Eight Northern Pueblos, and the people are from the Tewa ethnic group of Native Americans who speak the Tewa language. The pueblo is on the Rio Grande, between Ohkay Owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo) to the north and San Ildefonso Pueblo to the south. Santa Clara Pueblo is famous for producing hand-crafted pottery, specifically blackware and redware with deep engravings. The pueblo is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km²), all of it land.
Pueblo people lived in the area for centuries before contact with Europeans, and Ancient Pueblo Peoples may have lived in the general area as far back as 1200 BC. In 1541, part of the expeditionary force of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado visited the pueblo. In 1628 a mission was established there, and the current church was built about 1918. The pueblo fought in the 1680 Great Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish. Pueblo potters are known for their black polished and red polychrome pottery.
As of the census of 2000, there were 980 people, 349 households, and 254 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 471.6 people per square mile (181.9/km²). There were 400 housing units at an average density of 192.5 per square mile (74.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 6.53% White, 85.61% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 6.12% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.45% of the population.
There were 349 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 22.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 11.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $20,302, and the median income for a family was $22,049. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $20,221 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,311. About 30.5% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 37.1% of those age 65 or over.
Notable tribal members and residents
- Gregory Cajete, author and educator
- Luther Gutierrez, potter
- Margaret Gutierrez, potter
- Joseph Lonewolf, potter
- Linda and Merton Sisneros, potters
- Anita Louise Suazo, traditional potter
- Roxanne Swentzell, contemporary ceramicist and bronze sculptor, Native plant activist
- Margaret Tafoya, celebrated Santa Clara traditional potter
- Pablita Velarde, celebrated Santa Clara painter
- Nathan Youngblood, traditional potter
- Nora Naranjo-Morse, contemporary artist and filmmaker
- Toni Roller, traditional potter
- Jeff Roller, traditional Potter
- Puye Cliff Dwellings - the ruins of an abandoned pueblo and National Monument managed by Santa Clara Pueblo.
- Santa Clara Indian Reservation
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- National Park Service, Santa Clara Pueblo accessed 2010-05-26
- Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, Santa Clara Pueblo accessed 2010-05-26
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Indian Pueblo Cultural Center - Santa Clara Pueblo
- Santa Clara Pueblo Community Library
- Santa Clara Pueblo at National Park Service
- Santa Clara Pueblo pottery gallery
- Children of the Clay: A Family of Pueblo Potters, the Swentzell family of Santa Clara Pueblo