Santa Cruz – Chembur Link Road
|Santa Cruz – Chembur Link Road (SCLR)|
|Length:||6.45 km (4.01 mi)|
|West end:||Santa Cruz, Mumbai|
|East end:||Chembur, Mumbai|
The Santa Cruz – Chembur Link Road (SCLR) is a 6.45 km road, currently under construction in Mumbai that links the suburb of Santa Cruz to Chembur. It is expected to be completed in October 2013. It comprises Mumbai's first 'double decker' flyover. The six-lane road is being constructed as part of the World Bank-funded Mumbai Urban Transport Project (MUTP) at a cost of 4.35 billion (US$70 million). The project is being executed by the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA).
Currently, commuters from the Western Suburbs towards Navi Mumbai either have to take the Jogeshwari - Vikhroli Link Road (JVLR), Andheri-Kurla Road or a detour from Sion to reach Chembur. During peak hours, this may take 90 minutes to 2 hours. After the SCLR opens, travel time is expected to reduce to 17 minutes. The SCLR will also be an important arterial road connecting the Western Express Highway (WEH) and Eastern Express Highway (EEH).
According to the MMRDA, the SCLR is also expected to reduce traffic from Kalanagar junction travel to eastern suburbs via the Sion-Dharavi Link road.
The total length of the SCLR is 6.45 km. Starting from Dr. Hans Bhugra junction on WEH in Santacruz (East) and running to the east skirting the Vidyanagari Campus (University of Mumbai at Kalina) on its south and meeting LBS Marg after crossing the bridge over the Mithi River. Thereafter, it follows the existing S.G. Barve Marg for about 150 meters, beyond which, a new road at grade is proposed through slums and across the Central Line. Further, it passes close to Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT), through MHADA colony, running parallel to Harbour Line up to Amar Mahal junction of the Eastern Express Highway.
The top deck of the four-armed flyover is dedicated to traffic between the EEH at Amar Mahal junction and WEH at Vakola junction via Kurla and Kalina. The lower deck is for vehicles going to LTT, Kurla Dairy (towards Chunabhatti, Suman Nagar) besides Amar Mahal and Vakola. The elevated arm towards WEH via Kurla crosses the Central Line while the arm towards Kurla Dairy crosses the Harbour Line at LTT. Three arms of the lower deck – towards Amar Mahal, LTT and Kurla Dairy will open in May 2013, while the arm leading towards the WEH via Kurla and Kalina and the upper deck would be opened in October 2013.
The scope of work proposed for execution under MUTP is from the east end of 6 lane Mithi River Bridge up to Amar Mahal Junction of Eastern Express Highway(length 3.4 km, Ch.0+000 to 3+400) which is divided into two sections for execution purpose.
Section – 1 Ch. 0+000 to 1+335 and Ch. 2+775 to Ch. 3+400 and surrounding junction improvement 2.00 km
Section – 2 ROB and viaduct portion from Ch. 1+335 to Ch. 2+775 including Nehru Nagar Arm 1.40 km
Total 3.40 km
(the 0+000 chainage is at the East end of Mithi River Bridge)
- Salient features
- Construction of 6 lane concrete road with 3 m wide foot path on either side with central divider
- Construction of 6 lane – 527 m long flyover across LBS Marg junction, with 7.5 m wide service road and 3 m wide foot path on either side at grade
- Replacement of existing steel bridge on old Agra Road with new one (all on Santacruz side i.e. from Ch. 0+000 to 1+335- East end of Mithi River Bridge to start of ramp of ROB across Central Railway tracks)
- Road from Ch. 2 + 775 to 3 + 400 (from end of ramp of viaduct to Amar Mahal junction on EEH) on Amar Mahal side
- Construction of one vehicular Subway near Amar Mahal junction, construction of junctions at Amar Mahal (at grade) with EEH and S.G.Barve Marg
- Improvement of junctions on surrounding road network
- The work also involves shifting and relocation of underground and over ground utility services like water mains, electric cables, telephone lines, TATA H.T Pylon etc.
- Notice to proceed with work (Work Order) 29 September 2003
- Agency M/s. Patel Engineering Ltd.
- Project Management Consultants M/s. Louis Berger Group Inc.
- Salient features
- Long viaduct with solid ramp in Reinforced Earth wall (R.E.wall) for 350 metres on Santacruz side
- Road Over Bridge (ROB) across Central Line at first floor level and further two level viaduct close to Lokmanya Tilak Terminus.
- Solid ramp in R.E.wall for 363 metres at first floor level and for 456 metres at second floor level
- Short viaduct – cum – ROB on harbour line of Central Railway with a junction to main viaduct at first floor level for access to Nehru Nagar through the property of Kurla Dairy and Lokmanya Tilak Terminus Arm as approach to Lokmanya Tilak Terminus.
- Solid ramp R.E.wall for 104 metres for Nehru Nagar arm (Total length of ROB and viaduct including ramps is 1.40 km).
- Notice to proceed with work 10.05.2004
- Agency M/s. Gammon India Ltd.
- Project Management Consultants M/s. Louis Berger Group Inc.
In September 2013, the MMRDA invited agencies to prepare a Detailed Project Report (DPR) for three proposed bridges to complement and regulate the flow of traffic from the SCLR. The first flyover is planned from Bandra-Kurla Link Road to CST Junction in Kurla, and the second will be from Mumbai University junction in Kalina to CST Road. The bridges were not part of the original plan of the SCLR, but the MMRDA felt that the traffic congestion on CST Road would increase once the SCLR was completed, and that the flyovers were required to regulate traffic and provide direct connectivity from BKC to SCLR. The third DPR concerns the remodelling of the existing CST Bridge. After remodelling, the 40m long and 30m wide bridge would be 100m long and will 45m wide.
The SCLR was first commissioned in 2003 and was expected to be completed by 2005. However, due to delays it is expected to open only in March 2014. Officials claim that actual work on the project began only in 2007 as the World Bank had suspended its loan for some time. Delays led to a 278% increase in the cost of the project. Costs jumped from the initial estimate of 1.1 billion (US$18 million) to 5.5 billion (US$88 million).
A major delay occurred in getting clearance from Central Railway (CR) to construct a 50.9-metre bridge over the Central Line. Despite receiving the request in 2007, CR took 5 years and asked for 4 changes in design before finally approving construction in July 2012. The approval came with the rider that MMRDA could only start construction in October 2012, after the monsoon. According to Jitendra Gupta of the Citizens' Transport Committee, "There is no accountability and coordination among the government agencies involved. We had met the railway chief engineer in charge of the project around four years ago and were told that he had 200 proposals like the SCLR to examine because of his wide jurisdiction. He said he couldn’t make an exception for the SCLR and speed up clearances". The project had also suffered as one of the two contractors stopped work for several months last year asking for a hike in contract price.
The World Bank blamed the massive delay on the lack of clarity of roles of MMRDA and MSRDC, delay in design approvals and the lack of co-ordination with railways.
- Phadke, Manasi (20 December 2011). "MMRDA hikes contract values". The Indian Express. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- SCLR project gets delayed further – Mumbai – DNA. Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Section of SCLR bridge over Harbour Line completed. Indian Express (24 December 2012). Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Express India. Express India. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- New flyover to link Kalina, Kurla from Friday – Times Of India. The Times of India. (8 August 2012). Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Santa Cruz-Chembur Link road to partially open in May, fully operational by October – Times Of India. The Times of India. (7 March 2013). Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Slow CR to blame for link road delay: MMRDA. Hindustan Times (24 December 2012). Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- DNA impact: Key flyover on SCLR is ready – Mumbai – DNA. Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Finally, railway nod for taking link road over Kurla tracks. Indian Express (13 July 2012). Retrieved 16 July 2013.