Santa Cruz de la Palma (Spanish: Holy Cross of La Palma) is located on the eastern part of the island of La Palma in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife of the Canary Islands. Santa Cruz de la Palma is the second largest city (after Los Llanos de Aridane) and is the capital of the island. Santa Cruz de La Palma is linked with a main highway encircling every part of the island and is located north of the La Palma Airport. It is located along an old lava flow coming out from the Caldereta (small caldera) a volcano located just south of the city.
The population of the municipality is 17,265 (2001 census), its population density is 398/km² and the area is 43.38 km². Around 15,000 people live within the city limits, with the remaining population residing in other settlements. The city is located at sea level and the highest elevation is around 1,800 m.
The city was founded by Alonso Fernández de Lugo on May 3, 1493. It was located between a river which is situated by a cave named Tedote (now Cueva de Carías, located north of the city). The city, originally called Villa del Apurón, served as a port that connected routes to the Americas, exporting goods from the island such as sugarcane. The city was sacked by pirates and was later reconstructed and fortified against future pirate attacks. Famous fortifications include the Castillo de Santa Catalina and Castillo de la Virgen. The economic crisis that affected the agriculture sector brought the greatest loss of population in the city's history, which limited its expansion and caused the population to stabilize and drop to 11,000. The population did not approach its original 18,000 again for the next hundred years.
The coastline and the valley areas are made up of farmlands, the remaining areas around Santa Cruz de la Palma and the east central core are urban areas especially hotels, apartments, and colorful homes uphill northwest.
Church of Santo Domingo, Santa Cruz de la Palma. Built on foundations of hermitage of San Miguel founded by Fernández de Lugo. Saint Michael is the patron saint of Flanders, where many colonists were from.