Santa Cruz del Sur
|Santa Cruz del Sur|
Santa Cruz del Sur municipality (red) within
Camagüey Province (yellow) and Cuba
|• Total||1,122 km2 (433 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Density||45.8/km2 (119/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
The city has a special place in history due to its total destruction by the tidal wave during the catastrophic hurricane of 1932 beginning late on November 8, 1932. In a few hours, between dawn and midmorning of November 9, the city disappeared under the sea, and more than 3,000 of its inhabitants drowned or were crushed by flying debris carried by winds in excess of 135 mph (215 km/h). Why a select number of survivors escaped the storm, and why the town was not evacuated prior to landfall, persist as questions. The hurricane was rumored to be destined for landfall far east of Santa Cruz, and when notification arrived about the town's peril, landfall was imminent. The last departing trains for evacuation failed to depart due to the tidal wave. Fishermen of Santa Cruz were said to have predicted the event, apparently suspecting that "something wrong was brewing in the atmosphere." Survivors provided horrifying testimonies in the wake of a storm that literally drowned people in their homes. Hurricane Paloma also made landfall there 76 years later on the same night in 2008 with 100 mph (160 km/h) winds.
In 2004, the municipality of Santa Cruz del Sur had a population of 51,335. With a total area of 1,122 km2 (433 sq mi), it has a population density of 45.8/km2 (119/sq mi) In 2007 the town of Santa Cruz del Sur had 16,600 residents.
- Guije.com. "Santa Cruz del Sur" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-05.
- Statoids. "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-05.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Retrieved 2007-10-05.[dead link] (Spanish)
- (Spanish) Testimonies of the disaster
Media related to Santa Cruz del Sur at Wikimedia Commons