Santa Elena Municipality

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Santa Elena
Municipality
Santa Elena.JPG
Location of Santa Elena in Yucatán
Location of Santa Elena in Yucatán
Santa Elena is located in Yucatán
Santa Elena
Santa Elena
Location of Santa Elena in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°21′N 89°46′W / 20.350°N 89.767°W / 20.350; -89.767Coordinates: 20°21′N 89°46′W / 20.350°N 89.767°W / 20.350; -89.767
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind. 1821
Yucatán Est. 1824
Municipality Est. 1918
Government
 • Type PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg 2007-2010
 • Municipal President Eduardo Huchin Kauil[1]
Area
 • Total 694.90 km2 (268.30 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2005 [2][3])
 • Total 3,617
 • Density 5.2/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 066
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website
Municipalities of Yucatán

The Municipality of Santa Elena is one of the 106 municipalities in Yucatán state, Mexico. Its municipal seat is located in the City of Santa Elena. The municipality borders to the north the municipality of Muna, to the south Oxkutzcab and east Ticul, and to the west Halacho.[1]

Communities[edit]

The municipality has primarily two communities. Their populations is as follows:

Community Population[4]
Entire Municipality 3,617
Santa Elena 3,252
San Simón 357
Other 8

History[edit]

Already inhabited during the Classic Maya period (600-1000 A.C.), the originally named Nohcacab was during the Colony an encomienda, that is a tribute-paying small community with an ethnically mixed population which included Spanish people, criollos, mestizos and mulattos.[5] In the early 1840s the explorer John Lloyd Stephens used this small community as a base from which he and his companions departed to explore the Puuc area: thanks to this fact we still have detailed accounts about the people of Nohcacab and their culture, as well as drawings showing how these visitors perceived the village at that time.[6]

Nohcacab was attacked, and even burned down, several times: the second one in 1849, during the so-called Caste War; after this, the village was devastated and most of the Spanish and criollo population emigrated into Merida.[7] It is very likely that around that time the village was officially renamed as Santa Elena.

It wasn't until 1865, with the arrival of approximately 300 German colonists, who settled there to form the Villa Carlota farming colony under the initiative of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, that the village started to see some improvements.[8] Although this farming colony collapsed in 1867, several German families remained in the village[9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Santa Elena
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
31.5
(88.7)
34
(93)
35.9
(96.6)
37
(98.6)
34.8
(94.6)
34.3
(93.7)
34
(93.2)
33.1
(91.6)
31.7
(89.1)
30.4
(86.7)
29.2
(84.6)
32.96
(91.31)
Average low °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
14
(57.2)
16
(60.8)
18
(64.4)
19.9
(67.8)
20.5
(68.9)
19.5
(67.1)
19.6
(67.3)
19.8
(67.6)
18.3
(64.9)
16.2
(61.2)
14.4
(57.9)
17.45
(63.41)
Precipitation cm (inches) 3
(1)
2.8
(1.1)
3
(1.2)
4.8
(1.9)
7.4
(2.9)
14.5
(5.7)
13.2
(5.2)
15.7
(6.2)
19.3
(7.6)
11.9
(4.7)
4.1
(1.6)
2.8
(1.1)
102.5
(40.2)
Source: Weatherbase [10]

Landmarks[edit]

Architectural[edit]

San Mateo Church.[1]

Archaeological[edit]

A number of archaeological sites including: Uxmal, Kabah, Nohpat, Xcoh and Mul chic[1] (Puuc Region).

Local Festivals[edit]

January 10 to 24 the feast in honor of Santo Cristo del Amor.[1]

May 17 the festival in honor of Santos Reyes of San Mateo.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Nuestros municipios - Santa Elena". Retrieved 2009-11-12. 
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Municipalities of Mexico: Yucatan". Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  3. ^ Census Results by Locality, 2005 INEGI.
  4. ^ Census Population Results, 2005 INEGI.
  5. ^ Güemez Pineda, Arturo (1997): "The Rebellion of Nohcacab: Unpublished Preface to the Caste War, in: Saastun. Maya Culture Review, no. 2, pp. 51-79, here p. 54. See also: de Arrigunaga y Peón, Joaquín (1982): Demography and Parish Affairs in Yucatan, 1797-1891. Eugene: University of Oregon Anthropological Papers, pp. 254-255
  6. ^ See Stephens, John Lloyd (1963), Incidents of Travel in Yucatan, vol. 1, pp. 202, 301
  7. ^ Güemez Pineda 1997, op. cit.
  8. ^ Durán-Merk, Alma (2007): Identifying Villa Carlota: German Settlements in Yucatán, México, During the Second Mexican Empire, 1864-1867, Augsburg: Universität Augsburg
  9. ^ Recent Findings about the Colonization Policy of the Second Mexican Empire, Paper presented at the 11th Deutschsprachige Mesoamerikanisten Tagung in Hildesheim, Germany (26-27th January, 2008). http://opus.bibliothek.uni-augsburg.de/volltexte/2008/1320/pdf/Duran_Merk_Selected_German_Migration.pdf. See also: Medina Un, Martha (2001): Migración alemana en Santa Elena, la antigua Nohcacab, in: Revista INA'J , no. 1, pp. 28-31
  10. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Santa Elena, Yucatán". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.