|Comune di Santa Fiora|
|Frazioni||Bagnolo, Bagnore, Marroneto, Selva|
|• Mayor||Renzo Verdi|
|• Total||62.9 km2 (24.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||687 m (2,254 ft)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||45/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Sts. Flore and Lucille|
|Saint day||July 29|
Santa Fiora is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Grosseto, in the Italian region of Tuscany, located about 110 kilometres (68 miles) southeast of Florence and about 40 km (25 mi) east of Grosseto. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 2,821 and an area of 62.9 square kilometres (24.3 sq mi).
Santa Fiora is mentioned for the first time in 890 AD, in a document listing properties of the Abbey of San Salvatore, Sforza Cesarini Archive Rome. By the eleventh century the lords of Santa Fiore were the Aldobrandeschi who, in 1082, started the construction of a castle here (Castello S. Flore) and walled the borgo. The power of the abbey passed by degrees to the Aldobrandeschi conti di San Fire, and in turn to the hegemony in Lower Tuscany of the commune of Siena, which was strong influence on Santa Fiora by the mid fourteenth century, a future already foreseen by Dante: "e vedrai Santafior com' è oscura", "and you shall see how obscure is Santa Fiore" (Purgatorio, canto VI, 111). In 1493, with the marriage of Cecilia Aldobrandeschi and Bosio Sforza, the castello and its town passed to the Sforza.
The Sforza of Santa Fiora reached their highest point of power with count Guido Sforza di Santa Fiora, who managed to establish himself as a relative of Pope Paul III Farnese, thereby gaining prestigious political positions for his relatives. Later the family became the Sforza Cesarini, who are still well represented and living in their roman Palazzo Sforza Cesarini. The sovereign rights of the small state of Santa Fiora were sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under Leopold II though all feudal rights remained to the Family.
- The imposing Palazzo Sforza Cesarini, built in 1575 over the Aldobrandeschi Castle (of which two medieval towers can be still seen).
- Church of St. Joseph
- Church of Misericordy
- Church of St. Augustine
- Church of St. Claire
- Church of Sts. Flore and Lucille
- Convent of Santissima trinità alla Selva, outside the town
- Museum of mercury mines of Monte Amiata
- Candido Amantini, Catholic priest and exorcist
- Ernesto Balducci, Roman Catholic priest and peace activist.
- Laura Morante, actress.
- Mario Pratesi, writer.
- Valerio Valeri, Roman Catholic cardinal.
- Nello J. Pinzi, noted funeral director
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
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