Santa María la Real de Nieva

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Santa María la Real de Nieva
Flag of Santa María la Real de Nieva
Flag
Coat of arms of Santa María la Real de Nieva
Coat of arms
Santa María la Real de Nieva is located in Spain
Santa María la Real de Nieva
Santa María la Real de Nieva
Coordinates: 41°04′00″N 04°24′00″W / 41.06667°N 4.40000°W / 41.06667; -4.40000
Country Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León
Province Segovia
Municipality Santa María la Real de Nieva
Area
 • Total 179 km2 (69 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,193
 • Density 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website santamariadenieva.com

Santa María la Real de Nieva is a municipality located in the province of Segovia, Castile and León, Spain, about 30 km (18 mi) northwest of Segovia town. According to the 2010 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1,193 inhabitants.

Villages[edit]

View of Our Lady of Soterraña Monastery's cloister at Santa Maria la Real de Nieva.

This municipality includes 14 villages:[1]

  • Aragoneses
  • Balisa
  • Hoyuelos
  • Jemenuño
  • Laguna Rodrigo
  • Miguel Ibáñez
  • Ochando
  • Paradinas
  • Pascuales
  • Pinilla-Ambroz
  • Santa María la Real de Nieva
  • Santovenia
  • Tabladillo
  • Villoslada

The History[edit]

All its villages, except Santa María la Real de Nieva village, were repopulated in the 11th century after the region’s Reconquista, during the reign of Alfonso VI of León and Castile. Santa María la Real de Nieva village was founded in 1395 by King Henry III, by the mediation of his wife Catherine of Lancaster.[2] The town’s founding was due to the finding of a buried wooden sculpture of Mary three years before, probably hidden since muslem invasion, in a piece of open ground where the village is now.[3] This fact was considered a miracle, and the Queen ordered the building of a sanctuary and a village around it, to the worship of this Virgin’s image,[3] called Soterraña, an old Spanish word that means 'subterranean'.[4] The Crown proclaimed some privileges to foster the settlement in the village on 1395 and 1407, like tax and conscription exemptions.[2][5]

Gothic facade of Our Lady of Soterraña Church.

During her stay in Santa María la Real de Nieva, Queen Blanche I of Navarre died on April 1, 1441, and she was buried at its church.[6]

On October 28, 1473, King Henry IV called a meeting of the Courts of Castile at Santa Maria’s monastery.[7]

On 1520 during the revolt of the Comuneros, Rodrigo Ronquillo, chief of royal troops in the area, set his headquarters in Santa Maria la Real de Nieva, and lost a battle near the town.[7]

In the 1834 territorial reorganization of Spain, Santa María la Real de Nieva became one of the five legal districts in Province of Segovia.[8]

Santa María la Real de Nieva’s municipality grew by the adding of the surrounding villages; Ochando and Pascuales (1965); Aragoneses, Balisa, Hoyuelos, Laguna Rodrigo, Miguel Ibañez, Pinilla-Ambroz, Tabladillo, and Villoslada (1969); Jemenuño, Santovenia, and Paradinas (1970).[8]

Monuments[edit]

There are three national monuments in the municipality:[9]

  • Monastery of Our Lady of Soterraña, in Santa Maria la Real de Nieva town, is a 15th-century Gothic building notable by its cloister and facade.
  • Chapel of Saint Michael, in Villoslada, is a small Romanesque temple built between 12th and 13th centuries.
  • Church of Our Lady of Assumption, in Paradinas, is a 16th-century Gothic building with some neoclasical elements.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality in Town Hall's Web.
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) Antonio Miguel Yurami y Antonio Sánchez Sierra (1995), Historia de la aparición de la taumaturga ymagen de nuestra Señora la Soterraña de Nieva. pp. 59-66.
  3. ^ a b (Spanish) Antonio Miguel Yurami y Antonio Sánchez Sierra (1995), Historia de la aparición de la taumaturga ymagen de nuestra Señora la Soterraña de Nieva. pp. 48.
  4. ^ (Spanish) Soterraño Royal Spanish Academy's dicctionary.
  5. ^ (Spanish) Felipe Molinero’s article. Se cumple el VI centenario de los privilegios de Catalina de Lancaster in El Adelantado de Segovia.
  6. ^ (Spanish) Nerea Alejos. Ujué, fortaleza de devoción in el Diario de Navarra.
  7. ^ a b (Spanish) Carlos Arnanz Ruiz, (1972) Santa Mª. la real de Nieva. Edited by the Town Hall.
  8. ^ a b (Spanish) Santa María la Real de Nieva in Segovia Province Administration's web.
  9. ^ (Spanish) Municipality monuments in the Spanish Culture Ministry.

Bibliography[edit]

  • (Spanish) Antonio Miguel Yurami y Antonio Sánchez Sierra (1995), Historia de la aparición de la taumaturga ymagen de nuestra Señora la Soterraña de Nieva. ISBN 84-605-3511-8
  • (Spanish) Antonio Sánchez Sierra (1992), El monasterio de Santa María la Real de Nieva. ISBN 84-7231-802-8

Coordinates: 41°04′N 04°24′W / 41.067°N 4.400°W / 41.067; -4.400