Santa Maria, Bulacan

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Santa Maria
Santa Maria de Pandi
Municipality
From top, left to right: Santa Maria Municipal Hall, La Purísima Concepción Parish Church, fireworks, chicharrón, Paso Bridge at night, La Purisima Concepcion is the patron saint of the municipality
From top, left to right: Santa Maria Municipal Hall, La Purísima Concepción Parish Church, fireworks, chicharrón, Paso Bridge at night, La Purisima Concepcion is the patron saint of the municipality
Flag of Santa Maria
Flag
Official seal of Santa Maria
Seal
Nickname(s):
Chicharrón capital of the Philippines
Motto:
Santa Maria sa pag-unlad, Kasama Ka!
(Santa Maria Progresses with You!)
Anthem:
Bayan Kong Mahal
(My Beloved Town)
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Santa Maria
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Santa Maria
Santa Maria is located in Philippines
Santa Maria
Santa Maria
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°49′N 120°57′E / 14.817°N 120.950°E / 14.817; 120.950Coordinates: 14°49′N 120°57′E / 14.817°N 120.950°E / 14.817; 120.950
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Flag of Bulacan.gif Bulacan
District 4th District
Capital Barangay Poblacion
Founded around 1647*
(as a barrio of Bocaue)
Established July 4, 1699**
(as Santa Maria de Pandi Estate)
Incorporated February 1792
(as an independent town)
Barangays 24
Government[1]
 • Mayor Bartolome R. Ramos (NUP)
 • Vice Mayor Rico Jude P. Sto. Domingo (NUP)
Area[2]
 • Total 90.925 km2 (35.106 sq mi)
 • Land 89.88 km2 (34.70 sq mi)
 • Water 1.04 km2 (0.40 sq mi)  1.15%
Highest elevation 101 m (331 ft)
Lowest elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 218,351
 • Estimate (2014) 252,310
 • Rank 6th of 1,491 municipalities
 • Density 2,401.44/km2 (6,219.7/sq mi)
 • Voters 88,965
Demonym Santa Maríans
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3022
Dialing code 044
Economy First Class (since July 1, 1996)
• Income Increase PHP 433.39 million (2013)
• Expenses Decrease PHP 333.14 million (2013)
• Assets Increase PHP 523.88 million (2012)
Website santamariabulacan.gov.ph
1 Earliest date that the barrio known to be existed.
2 The date when the Dominicans obtained the hacienda from the Crown of Spain.

Santa María (or Sta. Maria), officially known as the Municipality of Santa Maria (Filipino: Bayan ng Santa Maria) (ISO: PH-BUL; PSGC: 031423000[4]) is a first class highly urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. It is the most populous municipality in Central Luzon and the 6th most populous in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 218,351 inhabitants in 48,946 households,[3] or 7.5% of the total population of Bulacan.

During the 1970s, Santa Maria was a little-known rustic area north of Metro Manila, with a rural economy that were still largely dependent on basic agriculture and family-owned enterprises for livelihood. The influence of commercialization and industrialization slowly took shape with the entry of local and foreign investors who were instrumental in the rapid economic and social transformation of the municipality.

Today, it enjoys the status of being the financial, commercial, and industrial centre of eastern Bulacan. It has the highest concentration of business establishments and industrial parks in the area. Santa Maria also boasts of having the 4th highest number of financial institutions in the province having 28 banks with a total deposits amounting to PHP 10.72 billion.[5] The municipality also houses the largest car battery manufacturing plant in the Philippines[6] which is located inside the Santa Maria Industrial Park.

Aside for being the richest municipality in Central Luzon with an income of PHP 433 million,[7] it is also one of the fastest growing local government unit (LGU) in the country and it is considered by the National Competitiveness Council of the Philippines as the most competitive LGU in Bulacan. Santa Maria is also one of the 21 municipalities, informally called the "League of 21", that have met the requirements for cityhood set by the Constitution and Local Government Code of the Republic of the Philippines and as agreed upon by the League of Cities of the Philippines.

The municipality is not only proud of its physical asset, political stability, and progressive economy, but also proud of having a son in the person of Jose Corazon de Jesus, the incomparable poet, the one and only "Huseng Batute", who started composing his verse as a child and nationally recognized later, next to Francisco Balagtas in order of time, as the "King of Poets". Another is Francisco Santiago, the composer who left among as his legacies, the immortal "Nasaan Ka Irog" and other famous songs.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Santa Maria got its name from its ever guiding patron saint, La Purisima Concepcion, known as Virgin Mary.

Prehistory (before 1521)[edit]

Before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, Santa Maria was just a vast wilderness, inhabited by wild animals and covered by thick and lush rainforests. Aetas and Dumagats are also known to inhabit the place a long time ago.

Spanish Era (1521–1898)[edit]

Santa Maria's exact foundation date is still unknown, however its existence can be traced as early as the year 1647 when it is still a barrio (village) of Bocaue. The barrio was believed to be established on the same period when the Dominicans founded the vast Hacienda de Lolomboy that extends up to the Angat river on the north, Bocaue river on the west, Marilao river on the south and the Polo river on the east.

It was said that Santa Maria was founded as an independent town by the Franciscan Fray Francisco Javier on the first Thursday of February 1792 (February 2). He began constructing the church and was completed by Fray Tomas Marti, it marked as the foundation and start of spiritual crusade. Natives were converted into Christianity and more people began to inhibit the place. As population increased, the town proper called "Poblacion" was founded by the friars in 1793. Civil affairs started to take shape and the appointment of the first captain, Andres dela Cruz, paved way for the permanent establishment of Poblacion, which was the seat of Spanish colonial government. People in those days were just renting their pieces of land. They paid their rents to the friars who were stationed in what is now known as Santa Clara, a barangay where at present the people can see the ruins of a big convento where the friars lived. People from other places, which are known as Balagtas, Pandi, Santa Maria, and San Jose del Monte paid their rents in this convento. Santa Maria was then called "Santa Maria de Pandi". The people acquired their lands after paying certain sum to the friars and the land became "Lupang Tagalog"

There where 82 capitanes who served the Spanish colonial administration from 1793 to 1899; 12 Presidentes from 1899 to 1937; 4 Alcaldes from 1938 to 1947 and 11 Mayors under various terms and succession from 1947 to present.

American Era and Japanese Occupation (1898–1946)[edit]

Under the Americans, the title "captain" was changed to "presidente". The first to hold the position was Maximo Evidente who served from 1899–1900. Of the 12 others who succeeded him, the most popular were Agustin Morales (1928–1934) and Fortunato F. Halili (1934–1937). Morales was responsible for the construction of the first main water system in the town. Halili, who never drew his salary as executive, later on became Governor of Bulacan. It was on his term as a provincial Governor when the Capitol building at Malolos was heavily damage due to the aftermath of World War II. He decided to take over and resurge Casa Real de Malolos as a temporary Gubernatorial Office while the Capitol building was damaged. It was his effort to rebuild and to reconstruct the Capitol building into its original structure.

During the Japanese Occupation, Dr. Teofilo Santiago, dubbed as Dr. Kamoteng Kahoy for his widespread campaign among the town's citizenry to plant cassava, became mayor of Santa Maria. Santiago was also responsible for the launching of the poultry - a raising project which earned for the town the distinction of being "The Egg Basket of the Philippines". He was also the "Father of Santa Maria Dairy Plant". After the Liberation, Capitan Ireneo Hermogenes was appointed Municipal Mayor from March 20, 1945 to October 1945. He was succeeded by Marciano Bautista.

Liberation period (1946–present)[edit]

The post-liberation period saw Conrado Ignacio as the first elected Mayor of Santa Maria (1947–1955). He was succeeded by prominent personalities in Santa Maria local politics such as Ricardo G. Nicolas Sr. (1956–1959/1964–1967), Eriberto Ramos, Sr. (1960–1963), Paulino M. Luciano Sr. (1968–1971), Ricardo D. Nicolas, Jr.(1972–1978) and Paulino Luciano, Jr. (1979–1986).

After the People Power Revolution in February 1986, President Corazon Aquino appointed Dr. Alfredo Perez, who was then the vice-mayor of the town, as Officer-in-Charge of the municipality until May, 1986, when he was replaced by Ricardo Nicolas, Jr. In December 1986, however, Nicolas was appointed OIC Vice Governor of Bulacan and was succeeded by Benjamin G. Geronimo (1987–1988) and Atty. Ramon H. Clemente (1988).

During the 1988 elections, Eriberto Ramos was elected Mayor and served until June 30, 1992. On July 1, 1992, he was succeeded by Reylina G. Nicolas. Her three terms of leadership gave the municipality various awards and citations. In July 1, 1993, the municipality rose from third class to second-class municipality and July 1, 1996, the income level of the municipality rose again from second-class municipality to first-class municipality. In the 2001 elections, Nicolas ran for Representative of the 4th Congressional District of Bulacan and won a landslide victory with more than 80,000 votes over her closest rival. Nicolas was succeeded by Bartolome R. Ramos.

During the 2004 elections, Jesus Mateo defeated the incumbent Ramos and became mayor of the municipality until 2007. One of Mateo's accomplishments as mayor of Santa Maria was the establishment of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines - Santa Maria extension campus in 2005.

During the 2007 elections, Bartolome R. Ramos defeated the incumbent Mateo and became mayor of the municipality again. Under his administration, Santa Maria became the richest municipality in Bulacan for the first time in its history in 2008 surpassing the high-income municipalities of Marilao, Norzagaray, and Baliuag.

Gallery of old photographs taken in Santa Maria

Geography[edit]

Barangay map of Santa Maria

The municipality of Santa Maria lies 32 kilometres (20 mi) northeast of Manila and is located at the eastern portion of Bulacan. The town is bounded on the north by the municipalities of Angat and Pandi; portion of San Jose del Monte City on the south; Norzagaray and other portions of San Jose del Monte on the east; and the municipalities of Marilao and Bocaue on the western side. Santa Maria is 18 kilometres (11 mi) away from Malolos City, the provincial capital, and 38 kilometres (24 mi) from San Fernando, Pampanga, the regional centre of Central Luzon.

Santa Maria has a land area of about 9,092.5 hectares (22,468 acres). The town is generally plain although hilly at the northern portion. It has a lone body of water – the Santa Maria River.

The topography of Santa Maria is generally flat, however, it is becoming hilly towards the north. This area covers the barangays of Silangan, Mag-asawang Sapa, Pulong Buhangin and some parts of Balasing with landscape ranging from 8 to 18 percent slope. The rest of the barangays have a slope range from level to undulating

Land use[edit]

Basically agricultural, about 29.02 square kilometres (11.20 sq mi) or 30.54% of the town's land area is devoted to crop production. Approximately 26.66 square kilometres (10.29 sq mi) of riceland in Santa Maria are rain-fed and 2.36 square kilometres (0.91 sq mi) are irrigated. An area of 32.74 square kilometres (12.64 sq mi) are classified as non- productive agricultural area or open grasslands.

Mineral resources[edit]

The town has rich deposits of gravel and sand and volcanic tuff or adobe. Quarrying has been a good source of livelihood among the citizens.

Climate[edit]

Due to its location near Metro Manila, rainfall and climate in Santa Maria is almost similar to the country's capital Manila. The location of Santa Maria in the western side of the Philippines made Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAG-ASA) to classify its weather scheme as Type I. Wind coming from the Pacific Ocean is generally blocked by the Sierra Madre mountain range, a few kilometers east of the municipality.[8]

Its proximity to the equator tends to make its temperature to rise and fall into very small range: from as low as 19 °C (66 °F) to as high as 35 °C (95 °F). The Köppen climate system classifies Santa Maria climate as tropical monsoon (Am) due to its location and precipitation characteristics. This means that the municipality has two pronounced seasons: dry and wet seasons. The municipality's driest months are from November to April where it receives less than 60 millimetres (2.4 in) of rainfall. On the other hand, maximum rain period is from June to September where it receives not more than 600 millimetres (24 in) of rainfall. Hail and snow is not observed in the municipality.

Humidity levels are usually high in the morning especially during June to November which makes it feel warmer. Lowest humidity levels are recorded in the evening during wet season. Discomfort from heat and humidity is extreme during May and June, otherwise it is higher compared to other places in the country. Average sunlight is maximum at 254.25 hours during April and minimum at 113 hours during July, August and September.

Extreme points[edit]

Direction Location
North Barangay Silangan
East Barangay Bulac
South Barangay Mahabang Parang
West Sitio Luwasan, Barangay Santa Clara
Elevation Location
Highest Sitio Partida, Barangay Pulong Buhangin (near Pulong Yantok)
Lowest Macaiban, Barangay Poblacion

Local government[edit]

Mayor of Santa Maria, Bulacan
Alkalde ng Bayan ng Santa Maria (Tagalog)
Incumbent
Bartolome R. Ramos

since June 30, 2007
Style (Mr.) Mayor, Honorable Mayor
Residence Santa Maria Municipal Hall, Poblacion, Santa Maria, Bulacan
Appointer Elected via popular vote
Term length 3 years (maximum of three consecutive terms)
Inaugural holder Maximo Evidente
Formation 1899

Like other municipalities in the Philippines, Santa Maria is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head who leads the municipality's departments in the execution of municipal ordinances and in the delivery of public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council that is composed of 10 members: 8 councilors and two ex-officio offices: one for the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President, representing the youth sector, and one for the Association of Barangay Chairmen President as the barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the municipality's policies in the form of ordinances and resolutions.

Santa Maria is also part of the 4th District of Bulacan.

Government officials[edit]

Members of the Santa Maria Municipal Council (2013–2016)
Position Name Party
Mayor Bartolome R. Ramos NUP
Vice-Mayor Rico Jude P. Sto. Domingo NUP
Councilors Salvador G. Pleyto Jr. NUP
Nelson Carmelo V. Luciano NUP
Froilan C. Caguiat NUP
Renato DL. de Guzman Jr. NUP
Rodolfo D. Casas Nonpartisan
Roberto B. Perez NUP
Oscar D. Morales Liberal
Lailanie P. Aguilar Liberal
Ex Officio Municipal Council Members
ABC President Eustacio DS. Santos (Santa Cruz) Nonpartisan
SK President Fernando M. Tiqui Jr. (Bagbaguin) Nonpartisan

List of mayors[edit]

No. Presidentes Took office Left office
1 Maximo Evidente
1899
1900
2 Teodoro Geronimo
1900
1901
3 Maximo de Jesus
1901
1903
4 Pedro Gallardo
1903
1906
5 Juan Mendoza
1906
1910
6 Marciano de Leon
1910
1912
7 Bonifacio Morales
1912
1916
8 Antonio Rodriguez
1916
1919
9 Mariano Santiago
1919
1922
10 Cipriano de Guzman
1922
1928
11 Agustin Morales
1928
1934
12 Fortunato F. Halili
1934
1937
No. Alcaldes Took office Left office
1 Pedro J. Mansilla
1938
1940
2 Dr. Teofilo S. Santiago
1941
1945
3 Ireneo Hermogenes
1945
1945
4 Marciano Bautista
1946
1947
No. Mayors Took office Left office
1 Conrado H. Ignacio
1947
1955
2 Ricardo G. Nicolas, Sr.
1956
1959
3 Eriberto R. Ramos
1960
1963
4 Ricardo G. Nicolas, Sr.
1964
1967
5 Paulino Luciano, Sr.
1968
1971
6 Ricardo D. Nicolas, Jr.
1972
1978
7 Paulino A. Luciano, Jr.
1978
1986
8 Dr. Alfredo M. Perez (OIC)
1986
1986
9 Ricardo D. Nicolas, Jr. (OIC)
1986
1986
10 Benjamin G. Geronimo (OIC)
1987
1988
11 Atty. Ramon H. Clemente (OIC)
1988
1988
12 Eriberto R. Ramos
1988
1992
13 Reylina G. Nicolas
1992
2001
14 Bartolome R. Ramos
2001
2004
15 Jesus R. Mateo
2004
2007
16 Bartolome R. Ramos
2007
incumbent

Economy[edit]

A busy street in Downtown Santa Maria

Santa Maria is one of the municipalities in Bulacan with a high population growth rate due to in migration. Its rapid population growth contributes largely to the establishment of more commercial and trading activities as some people see this as an opportunity for business. In 2004, the registered business totalled to 4,042 with employment size of 6,168 individuals. The number just got better in 2005 as the registered businesses rose to 5,754 and the employment size to 18,968 individuals. There are more than 30 banking and financial institutions in Santa María. These includes commercial, savings and rural banks.

The public market at Poblacion and the private market in Pulong Buhangin are the major areas for the exchange of goods and services. Commercial spaces are being developed in barangays Bagbaguin, Cay Pombo, Pulong Buhangin, and Parada to provide the needs of more residents from various barangay.

In 2005, majority of the establishments were those engaged in retail trading. Retail trading employed more than 83 percent of the total employed in commercial establishments and occupied 69 percent of the area devoted to commerce and trade.

High population growth rate in Santa Maria triggers the expansion of commercial activities. The expansion is expected to answer the demand for product and services of the increasing populace. Commercial strips are being developed in strategic locations such as those where the concentration of population is located. Aside from Poblacion, commercial strips can be found in Barangay Bagbaguin where a major food chain, a major food market, three (3) restaurants, retail stores, and service establishments operate. Other barangays like Pulong Buhangin, Cay Pombo, Guyong, and Parada are also having a commercial strip. The increment in the number of registered businesses was attributed to the perceived effect of the campaign of the municipal government to register all businesses for efficient business tax collection.

Commercial and trade exchange areas in Santa Maria are considered as a Minor Central Business District. In Poblacion, the Public Market serves the needs of the people in the municipality. With an area of 1.5 hectares, the public market is home to about 500 stalls offering various commercial products both wet and dry. Further, it is complemented by shops and offices as well as recreational and transportation facilities like jeepney and tricycle terminals scattered around the Poblacion. Such transportation facilities are essential to the transport of goods.

Pulong Buhangin is another minor central business district located in the northern portion of Santa Maria because of the private market and presence of numerous commercial establishments.

Bagbaguin is also an urban barangay where radial strips for commercial uses are situated because of its strategic location being adjacent to Poblacion. Major food shops like Max’s restaurant, supermarkets like Puregold, and commercial banks are operating in this barangay. Complementing these establishments is the municipality’s pride like Nic’s Ihaw-Ihaw and Green Pond Restaurant.

On March 3, 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued Presidential Proclamation No. 337 designating the Santa María Industrial Park as a Special Economic Zone (Ecozone).[9]

Income[edit]

Year Bureau of Local
Government Finance[10]
Growth
%
Commission on Audit[11] Growth
%
Municipal Planning and
Development Office
Growth
%
1999 ₱80,900,000.00 Steady
2000 ₱93,100,000.00 Increase 15.08%
2001 ₱102,710,933.27 Steady ₱98,900,000.00 Increase 06.23%
2002 ₱145,433,288.65 Increase 41.59% ₱140,013,500.00 Steady ₱127,100,000.00 Increase 28.51%
2003 ₱148,105,000.00 Increase 01.83% ₱154,810,700.00 Increase 10.57% ₱134,300,000.00 Increase 05.66%
2004 ₱156,717,000.00 Increase 05.81% ₱163,043,600.00 Increase 05.32% ₱141,900,000.00 Increase 05.66%
2005 ₱188,738,000.00 Increase 20.43% ₱195,793,300.00 Increase 20.08% ₱167,500,000.00 Increase 18.04%
2006 ₱204,371,183.85 Increase 08.28% ₱211,143,420.00 Increase 07.84% Steady
2007 ₱213,001,937.41 Increase 04.22% ₱216,085,700.00 Increase 02.34% ₱227,489,215.85 Steady
2008 ₱279,135,655.21 Increase 31.04% ₱278,636,399.31 Increase 29.95% ₱275,241,996.21 Increase 20.99%
2009 ₱310,992,395.97 Increase 11.41% ₱303,992,842.87 Increase 09.10% ₱289,711,325.65 Increase 05.25%
2010 ₱369,347,964.90 Increase 18.76% ₱368,481,495.13 Increase 21.21% ₱338,431,506.85 Increase 16.81%
2011 ₱375,312,594.58 Increase 01.61% ₱372,213,332.28 Increase 01.01% ₱424,666,021.10 Increase 25.48%
2012 Steady ₱369,846,850.96 Decrease -0.06% ₱383,516,970.57 Decrease -10.73%


Agriculture[edit]

Major Industries
Pyrotechnics, Food/Food Processing, Furniture, Garments,
Footwear, Metalcraft, Poultry and Hog Raising, Textile, Rattan
Major Products
Garments, Chicharon, Noodles, Balut, Sweet Preserves,
Bakeries, Processed Meat, Dairy Products
Major Banks
Minor Banks
Crop Production
Rice, orchard products (such as mangoes,star apple or caymito, tamarind and other fruit bearing fruits), corn and vegetables are the major agricultural produce of the municipality.
Livestock and Poultry Raising
Among the livestock reared and tendered in the municipality are hogs and cattle while poultry farm housed chickens and ducks
Fisheries
Although a landlocked municipality, Santa Maria is able to produce fresh water fishes such as tilapia. Some fifty-eight (58) families from Pulong Buhangin, Santa Cruz, San Jose Patag, Caysio, Bulac, Catmon, Balasing, Camangyanan and San Gabriel are engaged in fisheries production[12]

Food processing[edit]

There are about 36 food processing establishments in Santa María. Of these are bakeries/bakeshops, ice-cream/ice-drop factories, native delicacy makers, 2 sweet preserve processors, sitsaron factories, noodle factories, and balot producers.

Among the biggest food processors are Jess-Nor, Dunkin' Donuts, DELFI, Integrated Food Manufacturing Corporation and Sapporo Noodles Factory.

Agro-industrial sector[edit]

Industrial activities in Santa María are mostly agro-based. For the past two decades, there has been a great boom in its poultry and hog raising industries. Presently, there are around more than 150 poultry and piggery farms.

The boost in agri-business necessitated the establishment of feed mills and feed trading centres. Now, there are eight commercial feed mills and 15 feed trading centres operating in the town.

There are 20 rice mills in Santa María that accommodate the milling and storage needs of the farmers for their palay harvest. The rice brunts (darak production) of these mills complement the feed requirements of the livestock raisers.

Cottage industry[edit]

  • There are 10 furniture-making establishments in the town.

Others[edit]

  • Santa María is also noted for its firework industry which is globally competitive. Its pyrotechnics producers ranked 9th in the World Fireworks Competition held at Macau in 1997. As of 2005, there are 28 pyrotechnics manufacturers in the municipality.
  • There are 5 textile and 87 garment factories operating in Santa Maria.
  • There are 41 water purifying stations operating in the municipality.
  • There are 9 rubber industries in the municipality.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santa Maria
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1903 10,791 —    
1918 12,174 +0.81%
1939 14,987 +0.99%
1948 17,509 +1.74%
1960 26,341 +3.46%
1980 50,002 +3.26%
1990 91,468 +6.23%
1995 101,071 +1.89%
2000 144,282 +7.93%
2007 205,258 +4.98%
2010 218,351 +2.28%
2014 (est.) 252,310 +4.02%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

According to the 2010 Census, the population of Santa Maria grew by 74,069 from 144,282 in 2000 to 218,351 in 2010, making it the third biggest LGU in Bulacan in terms of population. The municipality has a population density of 2,401.44 persons per km² in 24 Barangays.

Year Historical
Population
1818
3,414
1842
6,384
1846
6,033
1865
8,674
1877
9,990
1898
10,508

Religion[edit]

The majority of the population are Christians. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion with 91%[13] of the populace professed themselves as Roman Catholics. Other religious groups with strong presence in the municipality are the following: Members Church of God International, Iglesia ni Cristo, United Methodist Church, The Church of God, Jehovah's Witness, Jesus Is Lord Church and other evangelical or "born-again" groups, Pentecostal, Islam, and others.

Residential[edit]

There are about 45 subdivisions in the municipality of low, medium and high density category. The existing residential hub occupies 1,360 hectares (13.60 km²) of land distributed unevenly in its 12 barangays. These subdivisions used to occupy the stretch of the roads but now they are now developing the inner portions of their barangays. It is expected that within the next ten years, land use development in Santa Maria will represent the sub-urban mix which means that the government will provide development where the level of accessibility is very high. This will provide for the clustering of lower density land uses to help meet housing, employment and public services needs of the people.[13]

Barangays[edit]

Santa Maria is composed of 24 barangays, the smallest administrative unit in the municipality. A barangay is equivalent to American village and British ward, and is headed by the barangay captain (punong barangay) and his council (kagawad) duly elected by the residents

No Barangay Year
Founded
Area (in km2) Area
Rank
Population
(2000)
Population
(2007)
Population
(2010)
Population Density
(2010)
1 Bagbaguin mid 1600s 7.6358 3 7,586 10,389 8,407 1,100.99
2 Balasing - 6.3713 5 4,208 6,230 6,530 1,024.90
3 Buenavista mid 1600s 2.4647 15 1,438 2,201 2,103 853.24
4 Bulac - 5.2009 6 5,145 7,600 7,691 1,478.78
5 Camangyanan mid 1600s 2.4761 14 2,991 4,045 4,277 1,727.31
6 Catmon - 8.2860 2 8,586 11,913 11,671 1,408.52
7 Cay Pombo - 4.1626 7 7,731 15,698 22,948 5,512.90
8 Caysio - 3.1198 11 1,871 2,679 10,790 3,458.55
9 Guyong - 3.6191 10 9,174 11,858 13,525 3,737.11
10 Lalakhan - 0.3354 24 1,880 2,116 2,045 6,097.19
11 Mag-asawang Sapa - 1.1327 21 4,405 5,640 7,303 6,447.42
12 Mahabang Parang 1902 1.0466 22 2,374 3,317 3,411 3,259.12
13 Manggahan 1950s 1.6386 19 1,606 1,948 2,227 1,359.08
14 Parada - 4.0669 8 5,654 7,823 7,263 1,785.88
15 Poblacion (town proper) mid 1600s 2.8032 12 12,210 14,073 11,130 3,970.46
16 Pulong Buhangin mid 1600s 14.3817 1 23,069 33,799 33,643 2,339.29
17 San Gabriel - 3.6787 9 5,332 8,058 7,606 2,067.57
18 San Jose Patag - 2.5218 13 6,716 9,925 9,999 3,965.02
19 San Vicente - 7.2537 4 7,921 12,717 13,466 1,856.43
20 Santa Clara mid 1600s 2.1470 17 8,010 10,052 9,193 4,281.78
21 Santa Cruz - 2.2705 16 4,718 7,747 7,968 3,509.35
22 Silangan 1970s 0.9387 23 1,493 1,855 1,709 1,820.60
23 Tabing Bakod - 1.2530 20 5,357 5,522 5,330 4,253.79
24 Tumana - 2.1202 18 4,807 8,053 8,116 3,827.94
TOTAL 1792 90.92 - 144,282 205,258 218,351

2,401.44

Tourism[edit]

Santa Maria is home to ten resorts located in barangays Pulong Buhangin, Balasing, Catmon, Bulac, Mahabang Parang, Tumana and Lalakhan. These resorts have become the main destinations of the residents from Metro Manila and Santa Maria’s nearby towns for their leisure and summer experience. Facilities like swimming pools, convention/seminar rooms, hotel, cottages, and spacious parking spaces that could accommodate fifty buses at a time equipped these resorts. Some resorts accommodate local and foreign tourist for live-in accommodations.

In 2005, over 138,000 tourists visited the resorts in Santa Maria. Sitio Lucia Resort situated in Pulong Buhangin attracted 36 percent of the total volume of resort visitors. 4K Garden Resort of Barangay Catmon came next with 29 percent share. The Summer Resort in Barangay Mahabang Parang settled at the bottom with 2 percent contribution.

Historical places[edit]

La Purisima Concepcion Parish Church
  • La Purísima Concepción Parish Church
  • Huseng Batute Marker
  • Francisco Santiago Marker

Festivals[edit]

The town fiesta of Santa Maria in honor of its Patroness, the Purisima Concepcion is a month long celebration in February which clearly shows the Marian devotion of the town. The movable feast is held on the Thursday after February 2 which tradition refers to as La Candelaria. It is preceded by the traditional novena of Masses before the feast and High Masses and processions on the Sundays of the month.

For the visperas, over a dozen brass bands enters the town towards the Poblacion fro Bagbaguin in the morning. A la torre or homage of the bands to the Virgin at twelve noon and a parade of all the bands on the streets of the Poblacion in the afternoon. In the evening, the church patio is filled with people for the Serenata. On the day of the Fiesta itself, the Misa Pontifical or concelebrated Mass is the highlight of the Masses which begins at dawn and is followed by the procession of the Purisima in the morning and in the evening. The High Masses and Processions are repeated during the succeeding Sundays.

Throughout the month several other events are held such as musical variety shows led by popular personalities, outdoor sports exhibitions of nationally acclaimed players, concerts by well known bands and cultural shows .

Most notable during the month of February is the availability of the famous "Tuge", a ready to eat root crop sold by vendors that signify the ambiance of the festivity together with the cool breeze which last right after the celebration of the town fiesta.

The joyous celebration of February takes on a somber mood as the liturgical calendar moves on to Cuaresma or Lent. In Santa Maria, the solemn commemoration begins not on Palm Sunday but a week before that. The Church of La Purisima Concepcion holds the annual Solemne Septenario or seven day devotion in honor of La Virgen Esperanza. It ends on Viernes de Dolores or the Friday before Palm Sunday. The highlight of the feast is the Misa Pontifical followed by the besamanos or kissing of the Virgin's hand in the morning and the Procession of the Virgen Macarena under palio in the evening which is known as Via Matris. During this procession, the Virgin makes seven stops to specific houses and high up on a balcony, a tenor and a soprano sing the dialogue of Christ and the Virgin. They are assisted by a choir and a brass band.

Apparently, the devotion was brought by the Franciscans who evangelized the town where the principal celebrations before the War was celebrated at the Lourdes Church which was then in Intramuros. Lost during the War, it was revived by the Hermandad y Cofradia de la Sagrada Pasion y de Maria Santisima de la Esperanza, a confraternity organized in 1999 to spearhead the revival and promotion of the Lenten traditions of Santa Maria from the Jubilee Year 2000 onwards. Incidentally, the Hermandad de la Sagrada Pasion has been an affiliate of the Hermandad de la Macarena in Seville, Spain since 2008 making it the twenty first confraternity to be recognized, the second outside of Spain and the first in Asia.

The procession of Holy Wednesday and Good Friday features close to forty pasos de misterios or carrozas and draws a huge crowd as spectators and participants as heirlooms images and newly commissioned ones are brought out. What sets it apart from other Semana Santa processions in the province is not so much the number of carrozas, but the solemnity and decorum on how it is done. The Hermandad de la Sagrada Pasion is the first in the province to have initiated the narration of the passion in dramatized form as the pasos are brought out to the streets. This is a rite that was eventually copied by the rest of the towns in Bulacan.

Pavilion[edit]

Within the heart of Santa Maria is a new pavilion that was built and completed on February 2006. It is now the central pillar of all happy family celebrations that catered to all its citizen and neighboring town folks. Its famous name "Casa Burgos" was derived from one of the three famous Spaniard friars collectively known as "Gomburza", which was also the origin of an old street's name in Santa Maria, namely Padre Burgos Street (now C. Ignacio Street). Visitors and guests are awed by its lush and beautiful garden setting that became the focal point of most garden weddings and the likes. A place to visit when you are in Santa Maria, Bulacan.

Another pavilion was later built at barangay Bagbaguin, it is much larger than Casa Burgos and can cater to a larger number of people. It has an ample parking space, and has a smaller pavilion for smaller groups. The place was called Grace Harbour.

Sports and recreation[edit]

Sports and recreation activities in the locality are usually basketball, softball, bowling, badminton, tennis and chess. The most common sports and recreational facilities in the town are basketball courts located in school compounds and in other part of 24 barangays. These courts also serve as multi-purpose pavements. A tennis court and a gymnasium named after the late Ricardo D. Nicolas, Jr. was constructed at the FFHNAS campus in Barangay Guyong. There are also two badminton courts in the town.

Shopping[edit]

Santa Maria has one public wet and dry market, the Pamilihang Bayan ng Sta. Maria, in Poblacion and several private wet and dry markets (one each in Cay Pombo and in Pulong Buhangin).

Waltermart Santa Maria, the first shopping mall in the municipality, formally opened on February 25, 2009. The mall is located in Barangay Santa Clara. The mall has a supermarket (Waltermart Supermarket), department store (mi Department Store), school and office supplies store Expressions, bookstore (National Bookstore), drugstore (Mercury Drug), 3 state-of-the-art cinemas, hardware (Handyman), and several restaurants (Jollibee, KFC, Chowking, Mang Inasal, Greenwich, etc.)

Aside from Waltermart, Santa Maria has several supermarkets and convenience stores in Barangays Poblacion and Bagbaguin: Puregold Santa Maria which opened last December 18, 2010 and SM Savemore. There are three (3) branches of Mercury Drug, two (2) 7-Eleven, two (2) Ministop and mini marts like Reby's Store, C. P. Pineda Supermarket, Hipolito Supermarket, Antonio's Mini Mart, etc.

Transportation and communication[edit]

Bridges[edit]

As of 2004, Santa Maria has a network of ten (10) bridges passing rivers and other waterways of the town. All are made of reinforced concrete design girders which are in good condition and passable.

Communications[edit]

Communication facilities in Santa Maria are provided by government telegraph (BUTEL), postal system, the Philippine Long Distance and Telephone Company (PLDT), Radio City Telephone Company (RACITELCOM), Digitel telephone Company, the three major cellular companies (Smart Communications, Globe Telecom, Sun Cellular) and two MVNO: (Talk N' Text and Touch Mobile).

Basic services[edit]

Health[edit]

Santa Maria has one government-run hospital (Congressman Rogaciano Mercado Memorial Hospital) and seven private hospitals (Garden Village Country Hospital; Santiago Pediatric Hospital; Ed & Tita Cruz Maternity and Surgical Hospital; Mendoza General Hospital; St. Mary's Hospital; Mateo's Diagnostc Clinic & Gen. Hospital; and AJIA Diagnostic Clinic).

Animal health[edit]

Santa Maria also have Veterinary Clinics to name a few: "JNA Animal Clinic" and Mendoza Veterinary Clinic in Poblacion, and the Animal Pet Corner Center in Cay Pombo.

These veterinary clinics handle farm animals and pets. Services range from simple to major surgeries (c. section, neutering etc.), microchip implantation "Pet-ichip", vaccinations, laboratory works (heartworm check, parvo/distemper test, blood biochem profile, urinalysis, CBC, x-ray etc.), confinements, emergency cases, grooming and etcetera.

Peace and order[edit]

Santa Maria is generally peaceful being served by 51 policemen and 15 firemen. The backlog of manpower requirement is complemented with 480 barangay tanods coming from 24 barangays. Crime incidence is low with 37 cases reported and 33 case were solve resulting to 89.19% crime solution efficiency.[13]

Other services[edit]

Water supply is provided by LWUA (Local Water Utilities Administration) through the Santa Maria Water District.

The Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) serves the energy needs of Santa Maria. All twenty-four (24) barangays of the municipality are electrified.

Education[edit]

Number of Schools
Pup bulacan campus.JPG
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Santa Maria extension campus
Literacy Rate 98.89%
Pre-Elementary [2013]: Public: 32
Private: 47
Elementary [2013]: Public: 32
Private: 47
Secondary [2013]: Public: 5
Private: 29
Tertiary [2007]: Public: 2
Private: 3

The following are institutions of higher learning found in Santa Maria, Bulacan:

College/University Location
JPI Technologies Training and Services, Inc. - Santa Maria Poblacion
St. Joseph College of Bulacan San Jose Patag
Immaculate Conception International Poblacion
Early Christian School Poblacion
St. Paul School of Santa Maria Poblacion
Grace of Shekinah School Poblacion
Immaculate Conception Academy Poblacion
St. Vincent Learning Academy San Vicente
Holy Child Montessori Parada
Angel John Integrated Academy Lalakhan
Darwin International School Pulong Buhangin & Bagbaguin
Fortunato F. Halili National Agricultural School Guyong
Jesus Lord & Savior Christian Colleges Foundation, Inc. Guyong
Sacred Heart Academy of Santa Maria Bulacan Poblacion
Polytechnic University of the Philippines - Santa Maria Campus Pulong Buhangin
STI College - Santa Maria Campus Poblacion
Asian College of Science and Technology - Santa Maria Poblacion
St. Thomas School of Cay Pombo Cay Pombo
Cebu Sacred Heart College of Bulacan Cay Pombo
Mystical Rose School of Bulacan, Inc. Cay Pombo
St. Dominic de Guzman School Cay Pombo
Channel of Dreams Learning School Cay Pombo

Notable people from Santa Maria[edit]

  • José Corazón de Jesús (1896-1932), Huseng Batute - Filipino poet
  • Dr. Vicente de Jesus, the first Filipino director of health
  • Francisco Santiago (1889-1947), Ama ng Kundiman
  • Fortunato Halili - Governor of Bulacan from 1948-1951
  • Rogaciano Mercado (1916-1989), a veteran legislator who served under five presidents of the Philippines (from Magsaysay to Aquino). Minister of Public Works under President Corazon C. Aquino until November 1986
  • Michelle Aldana-Heinermann, a Filipina model, actress, and beauty queen. She was crowned Mutya ng Pilipinas and Miss Asia Pacific International in 1993.
  • Aaron Junatas (born 1998), child actor (ABS-CBN)
  • Jolina Marie B. Reyes (born 1996), A child actress, also known as Krystal Reyes
  • Angel Locsin (born 1985), Actress, commercial model
  • Leopoldo "Pol" Caguiat (1946-2004), GMA DZBB reporter and former municipal councilor
  • Alfred Vargas (born 1981), Actor
  • Lilia Reyes, Soprano

Rankings[edit]

Title Source Data As of Ranking
Income Commission on Audit
PHP 369.846 million
2012
2nd
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
5th
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
3rd
out of 116 municipalities of Central Luzon
11th
out of 1,491 municipalities of the Philippines
Expenditures Commission on Audit
PHP 333.722 million
2012
1st
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
4th
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
1st
out of 116 municipalities of Central Luzon
7th
out of 1,491 municipalities of the Philippines
Assets Commission on Audit
PHP 523.880 million
2012
4th
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
6th
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
9th
out of 116 municipalities of Central Luzon
27th
out of 1,491 municipalities of the Philippines
Locally Generated Income Bureau of Local Government Finance
PHP 184.290 million
2010
2nd
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
3rd
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
2nd
out of 116 municipalities of Central Luzon
Business TAX Bureau of Local Government Finance
PHP 75.077 million
2010
2nd
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
3rd
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
2nd
out of 116 municipalities of Central Luzon
Population National Statistics Office
218,351
2010
1st
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
3rd
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
1st
out of 116 municipalities of Central Luzon
7th
out of 1,491 municipalities in the Philippines
Land area Municipal Planning and Development Office
90.925 km²
2013
7th
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
8th
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
Electricity consumption Municipal Planning and Development Office
185.482 million kWh
2003
1st
out of 21 municipalities of Bulacan
2nd
out of 24 LGUs of Bulacan
  •   High (1-5)
  •   Medium (6-15)
  •   Low (16 below)

Sister cities[edit]

These are Santa Maria's sister cities and municipalities with strong relationship and partnership.

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ NSCB - ActiveStats - PSGC Interactive - Municipality: SANTA MARIA
  5. ^ http://www.pdic.gov.ph/files/BSDStats/DDD_PBS_ProvinceMunicipality.htm PHILIPPINE DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION
  6. ^ http://www.ramcartechnology.com/about.htm
  7. ^ http://www.blgf.gov.ph/downloads/lgudata/fiscaldata/FISCALDATA2013.xls BLGF 2013
  8. ^ "http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/statfram.htm". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. 
  9. ^ http://www.santamariabulacan.gov.ph/business/default.asp
  10. ^ BLGF Financial Data
  11. ^ 2011 COA Financial Data
  12. ^ http://www.santamariabulacan.gov.ph/business/agriculture.asp
  13. ^ a b c Official Website of Santa Maria, Bulacan

External links[edit]