Carrión de los Condes

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Carrión de los Condes
Municipality
Imagen Carrion de los Condes.jpg
Coat of arms of Carrión de los Condes
Coat of arms
Carrión de los Condes is located in Spain
Carrión de los Condes
Carrión de los Condes
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°20′N 4°36′W / 42.333°N 4.600°W / 42.333; -4.600
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Castile and León
Province Palencia
Comarca Tierra de Campos
Government
 • Mayor Francisco Javier Villafruela Fierro
Area
 • Total 63.37 km2 (24.47 sq mi)
Elevation 830 m (2,720 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 2,302
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Demonym Carrionéses
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 34120
Website Official website

Carrión de los Condes is a municipality in the province of Palencia, part of the Autonomous Community of Castile and León, Spain.

It is 40 kilometers from Palencia, on the Way of Saint James.

History[edit]

Carrión de los Condes was taken from the Moors[who?] by Alonso Carreño around 791–842.[citation needed] Don Carreño took the name Carrión at this time.

Carrión de los Condes was the home of Diego and Fernán González, fictitious sons-in-law of El Cid in the poem El Cantar de Mio Cid (English: The Song of My Cid).

In 1209, Hospital de la Herrada was established by Gonzalo Rodríguez Girón de Jacob, a Palencia tycoon who became steward of the king, to provide assistance to the Jacobean pilgrims and other travelers.[1][2] It had considerable influence and power in the area in the 13th and 14th centuries.

Jewish presence in Carrión[edit]

The town was inhabited by Jews at an early date. Although they outnumbered the Christians both in numbers and in property, they submitted in 1126 to the victorious King Alfonso VI, who showed himself favorably disposed toward them.

In 1160 many of them settled in the neighboring city of Palencia.

The Jewish community of Carrion was so large in 1290 that it paid 92,000 maravedis in taxes, not much less than the amount paid by the community of Burgos. In Carrion, as elsewhere, the Jews were persecuted. Delegates from the city appeared before King Alphonso of Castile (probably Alfonso the Wise), informing him that the Christians of the city, because of a groundless suspicion, had risen against the Jews and killed two of them; that thereupon the Jews had sought refuge in the palace of the prince, who was absent at the time, and, when the Christians followed in pursuit, had escaped through a secret door leading into the court, and locked their pursuers in.[citation needed]

Main sights[edit]

  • Church of Santa María de las Victorias, 12th century, in Romanesque style
  • Romanesque church of Santiago 13th century. It houses the Pantocrator, considered a masterpiece of Romanesque sculpture.
  • Monastery of Santa Clara, 13th century
  • Monastery of San Zoilo (12th-16th centuries) with a Plateresque Cloister.
  • Romanesque tombs of the Counts that lived there.
  • Churches of Belén, San Andrés and San Julián

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRichard Gottheil and Meyer Kayserling (1901–1906). "Carrion de los Condes". Jewish Encyclopedia. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ King, Georgiana Goddard (1920). The Way of Saint James. G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. 102. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Perrín, Ramón Yzquierdo (27 October 2003). Los Caminos a Compostela: El arte de la peregrinación. Encuentro. p. 131. ISBN 978-84-7490-693-6. Retrieved 30 May 2012. 

External links[edit]