Santa Maria de Jetibá

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Coordinates: 20°02′27″S 40°44′45″W / 20.04083°S 40.74583°W / -20.04083; -40.74583

Santa Maria de Jetibá
Santamariense
Canaan Valley, a Valley near of this town
Canaan Valley, a Valley near of this town
Flag of Santa Maria de Jetibá
Flag
Official seal of Santa Maria de Jetibá
Seal
Nickname(s): East Pomeranian Brazilian People
Country Brazil
Region Southeast
State State of Espírito Santo
Founded May 6, 1988
Government
 • Mayor Eduardo Stuhr (PDT)
Area
 • Total 735.552 km2 (283.998 sq mi)
Elevation 700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 37,720
 • Density 51.319/km2 (132.92/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Website Santa Maria de Jetibá City Hall
Location in the State of Espírito Santo

Santa Maria de Jetibá is the name of a municipality and of its capital in central Espírito Santo, Southeastern Brazil. It was founded in 1857 by Pomeranian immigrants who arrived through the state capital Vitória by going up the river Santa Maria.

Geography[edit]

Located in the south-central mountain region of Espírito Santo, this municipality has an area of 735.55 square kilometers. The town of Santa Maria de Jetibá is 720 meters above sea level, and the highest point in the state is Garrafão Peak, at 1200 meters (3937 ft) above sea level.

People[edit]

With a total population of 32,224 (2005),[2] Santa Maria de Jetibá is considered one of the last significant Pomeranian-Low-German-speaking communities in the world. Those immigrants (Pomeranians), who came from the historical region Pomerania, now part of Germany and Poland where it is known as Pommern and Pomorze respectively.

In Brazil, many Pomeranians also established communities in Santa Catarina (see Pomerode) and Rio Grande do Sul (see Arroio do Padre). Santa Maria de Jetibá is a place where the people still speak solely Pomeranian in their day-to-day life. Due to the isolation of this community, most of the members of the community live in very poor conditions. Due also to financial constraints by the state, very little investment in education is forthcoming, and the language barrier persists to be a real problem for the community. This also hinders their future prospects, of course, by them not having proper education, thus a reasonable expectation in the work market. Those communities are mainly rural.

Demography[edit]

Most of the population of that city is descended from Pomeranian and German peoples. [3][4]

Race Percentage
Whites 81.8%
Blacks 1.9%
Mixed 15.6%
Asian 0.7%

Source: 2010 Census







Climate[edit]

Santa Maria de Jetibá is on a high valley and the altitude of this Town is about 700m above the sea level. The elevation of this municipality changes the climate and it features a cool and dry climate on winters and an wet and hot days and cool nights on summers. Santa Maria de Jetibá features an Humid Subtropical Climate type Cwa.


Climate data for Santa Maria de Jetibá  (1988 - 2011)  
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.1
(80.8)
25.5
(77.9)
24.5
(76.1)
23.7
(74.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.6
(76.3)
25.2
(77.4)
26.0
(78.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.1
(79)
25.88
(78.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
16.8
(62.2)
14.8
(58.6)
13.0
(55.4)
12.4
(54.3)
12.9
(55.2)
14.2
(57.6)
15.5
(59.9)
16.6
(61.9)
17.4
(63.3)
16.0
(60.8)
15.47
(59.83)
Precipitation mm (inches) 188
(7.4)
103
(4.06)
125
(4.92)
88
(3.46)
60
(2.36)
36
(1.42)
49
(1.93)
48
(1.89)
66
(2.6)
125
(4.92)
193
(7.6)
209
(8.23)
1,290
(50.79)
Source: Clic RBS (Portuguese) [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]