Santa Maria in Calanca

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Santa Maria in Calanca
GR SantaMaria04.jpg
Coat of arms of Santa Maria in Calanca
Coat of arms
Santa Maria in Calanca is located in Switzerland
Santa Maria in Calanca
Santa Maria in Calanca
Coordinates: 46°16′N 9°9′E / 46.267°N 9.150°E / 46.267; 9.150Coordinates: 46°16′N 9°9′E / 46.267°N 9.150°E / 46.267; 9.150
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
Area[1]
 • Total 9.31 km2 (3.59 sq mi)
Elevation 955 m (3,133 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 113
 • Density 12/km2 (31/sq mi)
Postal code 6541
SFOS number 3810
Surrounded by Braggio, Buseno, Castaneda, Cauco, Grono, Selma, Verdabbio
Website santamaria.moesano.ch
SFSO statistics

Santa Maria in Calanca is a municipality in the district of Moesa in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Santa Maria in Calanca is first mentioned in 1219 as sancte Marie in Calanca.[3]

Geography[edit]

Santa Maria in Calanca has an area, as of 2006, of 9.3 km2 (3.6 sq mi). Of this area, 5.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 73.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (19.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Calanca sub-district of the Moesa district.

Demographics[edit]

Santa Maria in Calanca has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 113.[2] As of 2008, 4.4% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -5.3%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (86.5%), with German being second most common ( 9.9%) and French being third ( 2.7%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Santa Maria in Calanca is; 4 children or 3.6% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 2 teenagers or 1.8% are 10 to 14, and 6 teenagers or 5.4% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 7 people or 6.3% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 14 people or 12.6% are 30 to 39, 21 people or 18.9% are 40 to 49, and 18 people or 16.2% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 14 people or 12.6% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 15 people or 13.5% are 70 to 79, there are 9 people or 8.1% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 to 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 46.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (25.5%), the CVP (16.7%) and the FDP (11.5%).[4]

In Santa Maria in Calanca about 64.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Santa Maria in Calanca has an unemployment rate of 0.15%. As of 2005, there were 14 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 8 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 4 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1808 207
1850 206
1900 163
1950 202
2000 111

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Castello and the Church of S. Maria Assunta are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

The Castello or Torre di Sta. Maria is a large pentagonal tower house with a two story vaulted ceiling. The actual construction date is unknown but it is first mentioned in 1253.

The Church of Santa Maria Assunta was first mentioned in 1291. The baroque coffered ceiling from the 17th Century is particularly noteworthy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Santa Maria in Calanca in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 22-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]