Santa Paolina

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Santa Paolina (Saint Pauline)
Comune
Comune of Santa Paolina
Santa Paolina (Saint Pauline) is located in Italy
Santa Paolina (Saint Pauline)
Santa Paolina (Saint Pauline)
Location of Santa Paolina (Saint Pauline) in Italy
Coordinates: 41°2′N 14°51′E / 41.033°N 14.850°E / 41.033; 14.850Coordinates: 41°2′N 14°51′E / 41.033°N 14.850°E / 41.033; 14.850
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Avellino (AV)
Frazioni Castelmozzo, Marotta, Picoli, Passo Serra, Petrarola, Ponte Zeza, Sala, Santa Lucia, Viturano
Area
 • Total 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 550 m (1,800 ft)
Population (1 April 2009)[1]
 • Total 1,457
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Demonym Santapaolinari
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 83030
Dialing code 0825
Patron saint Santa Paolina (Roman martyr of the 3rd century)
Saint day 6 June
Website http://www.comunesantapaolina.it

Santa Paolina is a small comune (village) of the province of Avellino, in the region of Campania, Italy. In 2014 there are 1360 citizens. They are decreasing from 1951, when there were 2487 citizens.[1]

History[edit]

Alcuni reperti archeologici ritrovati lungo un torrente del paese.

The area surrounding this small town, was frequented by prehistoric man in the Neolithic age, and the recent findings reveal the presence of a civilization by the Irpinian people before the rise of Roman Empire. During the 9th century BC [2][3][4] they lived continuously in the valley at the foot of Mount San Felice. This settlement of Irpinian people produced decorated pottery and other tools of various kinds. Certainly, that was a people who lived in that area bathed by the following torrents: Bears (Orsi), Sant'Egidio (of Santa Paolina), Marotta and Picoli.[5] The discovery of some fragments related to an old and large furnace, shows that this region was the source of elaborate craftsmanship as early as the late Neolithic age.[6] Clearly, these products manufactured in these factories before the Roman times, probably were exchanged or sold along the ancient trade routes available for linking that site, to the ancient "civitates" or, typical factory way to joint these archaical civilizations of Hirpines and Japyges cities, situated behind the hills, downside way, along the valleys and closely near to the rivers inland, at the roots of Apennines mountains and placed in the mid-south of Italy.

In medieval times the site of this land, turns out with the agricultural use of its territory each in the center with all its districts through a memorial of Lombard abbey of St. Sophia, written in the year 1041[7] after Christ. This Sofian's parchment, in fact, refers to the hilly site, that was told as a "promised land" placed at the end of a rural-path, and located at the base of a deep forest, near a natural source of water, all were directly employed by the abbey Lombard and identifiable by a church named in honor of St. Felix. Instead, a source written through the year 1083[8][9] makes emerge from the mists of the past, by the first time the actual name of Santa Paolina. However, around 1270 d. Cr., The site of the country is reported in the inventory of the Abbey of St. Sofia, such as:(Latin) ... Castrum Vetus Sancte Pauline ...[12], other sources mention already at a (Latin)... Castrum Vetus et Timplani ... near Tufo (little Irpinian village), all that happened in the far year 1239, and this name refers to the same location mentioned in the memorial of St. Sophia during the year 1270. that was indicated like the same territory of Santa Paolina, but the land was called with the name of an ancient family named "Templano", and they seems to come in origin from Grottaminarda. This finding was also confirmed in the long list of countries mentioned by the Bishop of Avellino "Francesco", when he was interrogated by the Curia of Naples on the plague of "peste" occurred in the year 1296 [13].

The territory, in recent history was divided into several districts:

The square (La Piazza), the court of Brecciale and via Ferrere, the fortress of Petrarola Square and Via San Rocco " Pino", Capi Jorii, Giallonati, Marotta, "Cierro", San Bernardino, La Sala, Profiche, Saint Lucia, Piana de' Sauri, Casale Castelmozzo, Paoloni, Piezzo, Picoli, the court of Bridge Zeza ( Manganelli ), Taverna Figura, Serra ( Tufini ), and Gnerri Viturano [14] [ 15] .

Demographic evolution [1][edit]

citizens in 1951 citizens in 1961 citizens in 1971 citizens in 1981 citizens in 1991 citizens in 2001 citizens in 2011 citizens today
2487 2009 1700 1708 1410 1432 1366 1360

References[edit]