Santarém-Maestro Wilson Fonseca Airport is currently the 5th busiest airport of northern region of Brazil and it is located half-way between Manaus and Belém, being an alternative for international flights. The airport was opened on March 31, 1977 and it was administrated by the Brazilian Air Force until it was transferred to Infraero in the early 1980s. It replaced another facility which was located in a district that is now called "Old Airport" (Portuguese: Aeroporto Velho), presently a highly populated residential area. The runway was made into a street.
28 November 1995: a TABAFairchild Hiller FH-227 registration PP-BUJ operating a cargo flight from Belém-Val de Cans to Santarém crashed on its second attempt to approach Santarém. A passenger occupied the co-pilot's seat. The crew of 2 and 1 of the 2 occupants died.
11 September 2008: a W&J Taxi AéreoEmbraer 711C Corisco registration PT-NNM operating a cargo flight from Alenquer to Santarém crashed 11 kilometers from the airport. The pilot ditched the aircraft into the Tapajós river after losing power. Initial reports suggested engine failure due to mechanical problems, however a local newspaper later revealed that the aircraft ran out of fuel. Of the 3 people aboard 2 survived and were rescued by a small boat that was passing by. The body of one passenger was later found 800m from the site. The aircraft was salvaged and investigated.