Santee Canal

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Santee Canal
Santee Canal.jpg
Frierson's Lock on the Old Santee Canal
Santee Canal is located in South Carolina
Santee Canal
Location Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA
Nearest city Moncks Corner, South Carolina
Coordinates 33°25′36″N 80°6′7″W / 33.42667°N 80.10194°W / 33.42667; -80.10194Coordinates: 33°25′36″N 80°6′7″W / 33.42667°N 80.10194°W / 33.42667; -80.10194
Area 50 acres (20 ha)
Built 1793-1800
Architect Col. John Christian Senf
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 82003833[1]
Added to NRHP August 11, 1982

The Santee Canal was one of the earliest canals built in the United States. It was built to provide a direct water route between Charleston and Columbia, the new South Carolina state capital.[2][3] It was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

History[edit]

In 1786, the South Carolina General Assembly charted a company to construct and maintain the inland canal linking the Cooper River near Charleston, with the Santee River. The Santee River connects to the Congaree River and the City of Columbia. Construction started in 1793 under the direction of Engineer Col. John Christian Senf. It opened in 1800.

It was 22 miles (35 km) long. It had two double locks and eight single locks. Its width was 35 feet (11 m) at the water's surface and 20 feet (6.1 m) at the bottom. Its depth was 4 feet (1.2 m).

Due to low traffic, poor construction, and droughts, the canal was not a financial success. The construction of railroads sealed its fate. It lost its state charter in 1853. It was not used after 1865. Much of it was flooded by the construction of Lake Moultrie.[4]

Additional pictures and information are available from the Historic American Buildings Survey at the Library of Congress.[5]

Old Santee Canal Park is located in Monks Corner, SC. The park is situated at Stony Landing, the former southernmost section of the canal.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Wylie, Suzanne Pickens; David Chamberlain (December 28, 1981). "Santee Canal" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "Santee Canal, Berkeley County (Moncks Corner to Pineville vicinities)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 
  4. ^ Edgar, Walter, ed. (2006). The South Carolina Encyclopedia. University of South Carolina Press. p. 838. ISBN 1-57003-598-9. 
  5. ^ Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. SC-240, "Santee Canal Structures (Area Survey), Moncks Corner, Berkeley County, SC", 4 photos
  6. ^ http://www.oldsanteecanalpark.org/portal/page/portal/oldsanteecanalpark/about%20the%20park/canal%20history

External links[edit]

See also[edit]