Santi Apostoli, Venice
|Chiesa dei Santi Apostoli di Cristo
Church of the Holy Apostles of Christ
The campanile and the campo of San Apostoli
The Chiesa dei Santi Apostoli di Cristo (English: Church of the Holy Apostles of Christ), commonly called San Apostoli, is a 7th-century Roman Catholic church located in the Cannaregio sestiere of the Italian city of Venice. It is one of the oldest churches in the city and has undergone numerous changes since its foundation. The present building is the result of a major reconstruction project which was undertaken in 1575. The church is notable particularly for the Cornaro Chapel, an important example of Early Renaissance architecture, added by Mauro Codussi during the 1490s. The chapel is the burial place of several members of the powerful Cornaro family, including Catherine Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus. The church houses several works of art including pieces by Giambattista Tiepolo and Paolo Veronese.
In the 7th century Venice was not yet a city, but a collection of small communities scattered throughout the lagoon. St Magnus (Italian: San Magno), the Bishop of Oderzo, came to the lagoon and founded eight churches. According to a legend recounted by the historian Flaminio Cornaro, St. Magnus had a vision of the Twelve Apostles who commanded him to build a church on a site where he saw twelve cranes. This location, eventually to be in the sestiere of Cannaregio, became the site of the church of San Apostoli. The church presently stands on the Campo dei Santi Apostoli at the beginning of the Strada Nuova (New Road).
During the 1490s the Cappella Cornaro, built as a burial place for the wealthy Venetian Cornaro family, was added to the church. It is considered one of the most important Early Renaissance chapels in Venice.[note 1] It is unknown exactly who designed the chapel, although it is most often attributed to the architect Mauro Codussi.[note 2] At the same time a porch was added to the front of the church and a sacristy was built. These alterations were also overseen by Codussi.
In the middle of the 16th century the church briefly housed the Catecumeni, a Venetian fraternity for those wishing to convert to Christianity, before they established a permanent home at San Gregorio in 1571. Shortly after this, in 1575, the church was completely rebuilt. Only parts of the earlier structure were retained, including some frescos and the Corner Chapel.
The church retains its 16th century layout: a single nave supported by two rows of columns. One chapel has the funeral monument of Count Giuseppe Mangilli, designed by Luigi Trezza with bust by Angelo Pizzi. The main altarpiece is a Custodian Angel by Bernardo Strozzi.
The chapel is the burial place of several members of the Cornaro family, including Giorgio Cornaro and his sister Catherine Cornaro, the Queen of Cyprus. The charitable organisation Save Venice funded the restoration of the chapel, including the relief carvings. The main altar of this chapel was the Last Communion of St. Lucy, (1747–48) by Tiepolo.
The church contains a number of paintings, including:
- Paolo Veronese, Gathering of Manna, 1580–85.
- Giovanni Contarini, Birth of the Virgin, 1599
- Cesare da Conegliano, Last Supper, 1583
- Fabio Canal, Communion of the Apostles and the Triumph of the Eucharist, 17th century.
- Sebastiano Santi, Christ between the Apostles, 1828
Last Communion of St. Lucy by Giambattista Tiepolo
Communion of the Apostles and the Triumph of the Eucharist by Fabio Canal
- Giordano, Venice Described, p. 85
- "Churches in Venice - San Magno and his eight churches". Slow Travel. 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
- Biucchi, Venice: An Architectural Guide, p. 2.22
- Huse, The Art of Renaissance Venice, p. 86
- Pullan, The Jews of Europe, p. 262
- Nuova Guida di Venezia by Giannantonio Moschini, 1842, page 83.
- Hazlitt, History of the Venetian Republic, p. 120
- "Other Restorations - Cornaro Chapel in SS. Apostoli". Save Venice. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
- Nichols, Tintoretto, p. 236
- Biucchi, Edwina (2002). Venice: An Architectural Guide.
- Hazlitt, William Carew. History of the Venetian Republic 4.
- Giordano, Andrea (1844). Venice described by Baron A. G. From the original Italian. adapted to assist as a guide to the Model of Venice, etc.
- Nichols, Tom (2004). Tintoretto: Tradition and Identity.
- Pullan, Brian (1998). The Jews of Europe and the Inquisition of Venice, 1550-1670.
- Huse, Norbert (1993). The Art of Renaissance Venice: Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting, 1460-1590. University of Chicago Press.
- Brusegan, Marcello (2008). The Churches of Venice (in Italian). Newton Compton.
- Ceriana, Matteo (1996). "Corner Chapel in the Church of Santi Apostoli in Venice". The Shadow of the Times (in Italian).
- Lorenzetti, Giulio (1974). Venice and its Estuary (in Italian). Lint.