Santiago Apostol Church (Plaridel)

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Santiago Apostol Parish Church
JC Plaridel Church 19.JPG
Façade of the Santiago Apostol Church in Plaridel, Bulacan
Basic information
Location Poblacion, Plaridel, Bulacan
Affiliation Roman Catholic
Year consecrated 1722
Heritage designation With Marker from the National Historical Institute
Architectural description
Architectural type Baroque Church
Architectural style Baroque
Specifications
Materials Sand, gravel, cement, mortar, steel and bricks

Santiago Apostol Church, also known as Plaridel Church or Quingua Church, is an 18th-century Roman Catholic Church under the patronage of Saint James the Apostle and is located along Gov. Padilla street, Brgy. Poblacion, in Plaridel, Bulacan, Philippines. In 1961, a historical marker was installed on the church by the National Historical Committee (precursor of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines).

Parish[edit]

Vision[edit]

Sa gitna ng lipunang nahahati ng magkakaibang kaisipan at nababalot ng malawak na kahirapan, ang Parokya ni Santiago Apostol, bunsod ng pagnanasang maisabuhay ang kaloob ng Diyos na pinasigla ng diwa ng Dakilang Jubileo, ay naglalayong maging isang tunay na Sambayanang Kristiyano alinsunod sa Buhay at Mabuting Balita ni Hesukristo. (Approximate English translation: In the midst of a society divided by different beliefs and dominated by widespread poverty, the Parish of Saint James the Apostle, with its goal of living out the blessings of Our Lord and enlivened by the spirit of the Great Jubilee, aims for a one, true Christian community in line with the life and teachings of Jesus Christ).[1]

Mission[edit]

Upang maisakatuparan ang pananaw, itinalaga ng mga mananampalataya ang kanilang sarili, sa biyaya ng Espitiru Santo, na isabuhay ang Mabuting Balita at aagapayanan at mabigyan ng ginhawa ang kapus-palad sa pangkatawan at pangkaluluwang pangangailangan upang ang bawat isa ay maging maka-Diyos, makatao, makabuhay, makabayan at makakalikasan, at sa gayon, magiging saksi ang kanilang buhay at pagmamahalan sa di- (Approximate English translation: To make our vision a reality, the Faithful are dedicating themselves, under the grace of the Holy Spirit, to live out the Good News and to guide and provide comfort to the needy both in physical and spiritual needs so that each will become Godly, humanly, pro-Life, nationalistic, and pro-Nature, so that everyone can be a witness to - )[1]

History[edit]

The church of Plaridel, or Quingua was first established as a mission chapel of Encomienda Binto administered by an Augustinian Friar from Malolos Convent under Parroquia dela Inmaculada Concepcion.It was located in a barrio now called "Lumangbayan" the Chapel was soon transferred to its present location across the river Quingua (now known as Angat River) because of frequent flooding. Due to long distance of Malolos Convent to the Visita of Binto making the Malolos friars to be annoyed,the Augustinian priors in Malolos made the elevation of Visita of Binto into a Quasi-Parish in September 27, 1602. In April 30, 1605 the of Quingua was officially established as a full pledge Parish with Fray. Diego Pardo OSA as its parish priest under the patronship of Santiago de Matamoro. A Church was built on the new location starting 1602 and took 15 years to complete. The adobe stones used in the church were from the town of Meycauayan while the bricks used were made at Sitio Nabugtos at Brgy. Sta. Ines. In the year 1612, Quingua already had its own convent and 1,800 parishioners. It is said that the parish was not as wealthy as other parishes in the province during that time and that it was exempted from its fees to the Augustinian Province in the Philippines located at the San Agustin Church, Intramuros, from 1640 to 1704. The 1605 church was razed by fire after being hit by lightning. As a result, in 1722 a new church was built by Fr. Tomas Quijano on the same site. In 1772, the church was razed by fire once more but was quickly rebuilt. During the British Invasion in the 18th century, some of the treasures and documents owned by the San Agustin Monastery in Intramuros were transferred to the convent of Quingua. The church suffered immensely from an earthquake in 1863 but was repaired the same year.[1] According to the historical marker installed by the National Historical Committee, the church also served as a military hospital and cuartel by the Americans in 1899.

Long time administered by the Archdiocese of Manila,in March 11, 1962 with the establishment of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos,the Quingua Church and Convent administration and ownership was transferred to the Diocese of Malolos,making Quingua Church one of the original 9 vicarias of Malolos and became as headquarters for the Vicariate of Santiago Apostol comprising Northern Calumpit,Balagtas (Bigaa),Guiguinto.

Architecture[edit]

The present stone and brick church is barn-style Baroque mixed with Moorish ornamentation. The first level of the façade consists of a main trefoil arch doorway flanked by two niches of saints. The second level, with its three windows, is plainly adorned by four pairs of pillars. The pointed arch shaped pediment (resembling a minaret), on the other hand, is richly ornamented with carvings of cherubs, saints and other embellishments surrounding the oculus or rose window. At the peak of the pediment is a carving of the pierced heart of Jesus. Attached to left of the façade is the five-storey bell tower with a quadrilateral base and octagonal upper levels and topped by a cone-shaped dome.[2][3] There are five bells in the belfry, the biggest of which is dedicated to Nuestra Senora de la Consolación.[1]

Simborio Chapel

Simborio Chapel[edit]

A stone’s throw away from the church is an octagonal chapel locally known as the Simborio Chapel. Believed to be built in the 1800s, the chapel may have functioned as a mortuary chapel although its current location in a residential area is a few meters away from the current location of the Catholic cemetery. The chapel features pointed arch windows and semicircular niches on its base.

Restoration of ceiling art[edit]

Late in November 2013, efforts to restore parts of the Santiago Apostol Church, including its ceiling paintings were completed. The project’s proponent was the parish church management under the leadership of Fr. Dennis Espejo in cooperation with the AADG Restoration Group. According to project director Andrew Alto de Guzman, the task was aimed at promoting the appreciation of Quingua’s heritage. The project, which took two years to complete involved three stages. The first stage, after extensive research on the structure, was uncovering the church trusses, the tirantes or decorative beams, and the zapata or corbels which supported the original ceiling, all of which were covered in the 1970s when tin sheets and wood were used as the church ceiling. The second stage was remaking the Trompe l’oeil paintings in the ceiling based on archival photos. Among the images illustrated were those of Christ, Mary, and the twelve apostles. The artworks were done by local artists Chris Pasco, Mark Villanueva, Roy Gutierrez, Joey de Guzman and assistants. The third phase of the project centered on applying lime plaster to the upper portions of the capitals. The application of palitada was provided by Escuela Taller. The bricked up rose windows on the sides of the church were also exposed.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Parish Fiesta Committee. Pistang bayan: Disyembre 29-30. Santiago Apostol Parish, Plaridel. 
  2. ^ Galende, Pedro (2007). Philippine Church Facades. Vibal Publishing House, Inc. p. 136. ISBN 978-971-07-2433-8. 
  3. ^ Cabigas, Estan. "Visita Iglesia: The Old Churches of Bulacan (Part 1 of 2)". simbahan.net. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  4. ^ Lao, L. V. "Heritage conservators, artists restore hispanic church’s ceiling in Plaridel, Bulacan". inquirer.net. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Galende, P. (2007). Philippine church facades. Quezon City: Vibal Publishing House, Inc. ISBN 978-971-07-2433-8
  • Parish Fiesta Committee. Pistang bayan: Disyembre 29-30; Parokya ni santiago apostol.