Santiago, Philippines

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This article is about a city in Northeastern Luzon. For the municipality in Agusan del Norte, see Santiago, Agusan del Norte. For the municipality in Ilocos Sur, see Santiago, Ilocos Sur. For other uses, see Santiago (disambiguation).
Santiago City
Independent component City
Santiago Isabela 4.jpg
Official seal of Santiago City
Seal
Nickname(s): Commercial and Industrial Center of Cagayan Valley; Investment Hub of the Northern Philippines
Map of Isabela highlighting the location of Santiago
Map of Isabela highlighting the location of Santiago
Santiago City is located in Philippines
Santiago City
Santiago City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°41′N 121°33′E / 16.683°N 121.550°E / 16.683; 121.550Coordinates: 16°41′N 121°33′E / 16.683°N 121.550°E / 16.683; 121.550
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Isabela (geographically only)
District 4th District of Isabela and Santiago City
Founded May 1858
Cityhood July 6, 1994
Barangays 37
Government[1]
 • Mayor Joseph Salvador Tan
Area[2]
 • Total 275.00 km2 (106.18 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 132,804
 • Density 480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Demonym Santiagueños
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3311
Dialing code 78
Income class 1st class

Santiago is an independent component city located in southwestern part of Isabela in northern Luzon island of the Philippines.[4] It is the gateway to the Cagayan Valley. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 132,804 people.[3]

Santiago is situated 326 kilometres (203 mi) north of Metro Manila. The city sits on a vast area of predominantly flat and fertile land in the Cagayan Valley, surrounded by the Caraballo Mountains to the south, the Great Sierra Madre to the east and the Cordillera Mountain Range to the west.

Though often grouped under the province of Isabela for geographic convenience, Santiago City is administratively and legally independent from the province as stated in Section 25 of the LGC.[5]

History[edit]

The origin of Santiago City can be drawn from the first native settlement discovered by the early Spanish missionaries at the bank of the old Carig River (now Diadi River) from which its original name, Carig, was derived. The early inhabitants were the Gaddangs and the Ibanags. When the Spanish settled in, the city was named Pueblo of Santiago Apostol de Carig, with Santiago as the Spanish name of Saint James the Apostle. In the early 1950s, the Municipal President Vicente Carreon changed the name to simply Santiago. Santiago remained a municipality for 84 years.

Santiago was originally a part of the province Cagayan (comprising the whole Cagayan Valley region), which was reorganized as a political subdivision in 1583 with Nueva Segovia as its capital. On May 1, 1856, when the Province of Isabela was carved out by a Royal Decree, Santiago was among the towns relinquished to the newly created province. The first five barrios after the Cadastral survey in 1927 were Patul, Batal, Nabbuan, Buenavista and Dubinan.

It was said that there were only about three Filipino-owned sari-sari stores in Santiago in 1917. The settlers acquired most of their merchandise and other provisions from Chinese traders in Echague, the landing zone for products intended for Santiago and other towns, owing to its proximity to the Cagayan River.

It was when the Villa-Verde Trail was opened when things were set in motion. It facilitated the entry of immigrants from various provinces in Luzon to the Cagayan Valley and Santiago absorbed a sizable share of these travelers. The new route served as an impetus for growth and introduced new technologies and business opportunities.

Santiago survived through world wars, although badly damaged, and from then on developed to become the leading commercial and industrial city in Cagayan Valley.

In 1942 during World War II, the Japanese forces entered and occupied the town of Santiago. In 1945, the town was liberated by the Filipino soldiers of the 1st, 2nd, 11th, 12th, 13th and 15th Infantry Division and the USAFIP-NL 11th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, the 1st Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the recognized guerrilla fighter units.

Cityhood[edit]

On December 17, 1993, the bill converting Santiago into an independent component city was approved by the Lower House. On the following year, the Senate Committee on Local Government approved another public hearing dated February 23, 1994.

On May 5, 1994, by virtue or Republic Act 7720 signed by President Fidel V. Ramos, Santiago was pronounced as an independent component city, the first in the Cagayan Valley Region. This made Santiago self-governing and independent from the province of Isabela. Republic Act 8528 repealed this statute transforming it to a component city. It was not until December 29, 1999, when the Supreme Court contested the validity of the latter decision and favored Santiago to be once again an independent component city.

In 2007, The city was given a Presidential Award for the Most Child-Friendly City under the leadership of former Mayor Amelita Sison Navarro.

Geography[edit]

The total land area the city is 80% flat or nearly level land in the portions of northwestern, eastern and western parts of the city. While adjacent areas have gently undulating and moderately rolling areas, and the remaining areas constitutes steeply undulating and rolling lands. The Balintocatoc Hills is the highest point in the city.

The geographic coordinate of the city lies between 16º35’00” to 16º47’30” north latitude and 121º25’00” to 121º37’00” east longitude.

Climate[edit]

The city has a climate with no pronounced wet or dry season. Usually, the city has considerably dry climate with minimum rainfall. The average yearly temperature is measured at 24.9 °C (76.8 °F). Annual and daily temperature variation is minimal. Temperature ranges are usually from 18 to 35 °C (64 to 95 °F).

Climate data for Santiago
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
31
(88)
29
(84)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27.5
(81.7)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21.1
(70)
Rainfall mm (inches) 162
(6.38)
156
(6.14)
90
(3.54)
60
(2.36)
144
(5.67)
201
(7.91)
159
(6.26)
108
(4.25)
111
(4.37)
237
(9.33)
276
(10.87)
171
(6.73)
1,875
(73.81)
Avg. rainy days 14 12 11 11 16 19 16 14 16 18 18 15 180
Source: World Weather Online[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population Census of Santiago City
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 90,787 —    
1995 98,542 +1.65%
2000 110,531 +2.32%
2007 126,244 +1.92%
2010 132,804 +1.70%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][7]

Religion[edit]

The dominant religion in the city is Roman Catholic (Saint James the Apostle Parish in Barangay Centro East and Saint Francis of Assisi Parish in Barangay Rizal). However, other Christian sectors are also present in Santiago such as Iglesia ni Cristo, United Methodist Church, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Being a hurried district full of different cultures, such as Hindu, Muslim, and Chinese, several religious groups have also opened their places of worship to the public, such as Chinese Temple, the Muslim Mosque, and the Hindu Temples.

Economy[edit]

Robinsons Place Santiago as of January 18, 2014

Home of several business enterprises, banking institutions, educational entities, as well as manufacturing companies, the City of Santiago is considered the Commercial and Industrial Center of Cagayan Valley and tagged as the Investment Hub of the North.[8]

Robinsons Land Corporation has recently launched Robinsons Place Santiago as its pioneer mall in Cagayan Valley. Vista Land and Lifescapes, Inc. entered Cagayan Valley by building Camella Isabela. It has recently launched another project named as Camella Santiago. The head-office of Grupo Marilens, the largest homegrown corporation in the region, is in Santiago City. Three of the biggest TV networks in the country (i.e.ABS-CBN, GMA7, TV5, SonshineTV37) stationed their regional networks in the city. San Miguel Corp., Pepsi Cola, Purefoods, Digitel and PLDT also operate in the city while different car companies abound(i.e. Mitsubishi, Nissan, Suzuki, Hyundai, KIA, Ford, Chevrolet, Peugeot other car companies as well as Yamaha and Honda Motors). The National Food Authority competes with local traders to stabilize prices.

Santiago City houses some of the biggest hospitals in the region. The University of La Salette Hospital is said to be the biggest having a capacity of at least 350 beds. De Vera's Medical Center, Callang General Hospital and Medical Center and Santiago Adventist Hospital are also equally equipped private hospitals. The Southern Isabela General Hospital and Flores Memorial Hospital are now considered medical centers.

Despite rapid industrialization, agriculture is still the untoppled source of livelihood. The main crops are rice, corn, high value fruits and vegetables. The city is where imposing grain stations can be found. Rice mills abound. It is the pivotal place for crops where harvests from Ifugao, Kalinga, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, and parts of Isabela are transported either to Nueva Ecija, Bulacan, Pangasinan or Batangas. In addition to the city's product is muscovado sugar which the local government has been promoting for export.

Family Plaza Mall (After Puregold Santiago)

During the Miranda Flagship, the city Government adopted the parental AxR Hybrid rice seed production as its flagship program for agriculture, which produces the offspring F1 Hybrid rice seed. This rice variety makes phenomenal yield of 249 per ha. doubling the income of Santiago City farmers per cropping, and is expected to bring Santiago City over 2 billion in income and also additional taxes of 17 million and the national government of 33 million per year.

After the previous leadership, The Navarro Administration added more life in culture and strengthen the livelihood of the people. The Navarros' spearheaded a unique program for farmers in planting on mid-summer and harvest by early September side-by-side in focusing on high-value fruits.

Local government[edit]

The city is governed by a mayor-council system. There are 10 City Councilors. The council is the official government body of the city, also known as Sanguniang Panglungsod. Council agenda is presided by the City Vice Mayor. However, being an independent-component city with its own charter, it is not subject to the jurisdiction of Isabela province, of which it is geographically a part. No native was ever elected mayor of Santiago since the Philippine became a Commonwealth and Republic.

List of the current elected officials:[1]

  • Congressman Giorgidi Buza Aggabao (4th District of Isabela and Santiago City)
  • Mayor Joseph Salvador Tan
  • Vice-Mayor Marcelino Cabucana, Jr.
  • Sangguniang Panglungsod Members
    • Coun. Arlene Alvarez-Reyes
    • Coun. Celine Abaya-Siquian
    • Coun. Wolfrando Lugod
    • Coun. Vinchy Aggabao
    • Coun. Aisen Faith Marrero
    • Coun. Nicasio Bautista III
    • Coun. Kathrina Sable
    • Coun. Hex Alvarez
    • Coun. Andong Dirige
    • Coun. Brenda Ragsac-Luna

Barangays[edit]

Santiago City is politically subdivided into 37 barangays.[2]

  • Abra (rural)
  • Ambalatungan (rural)
  • Balintocatoc (rural)
  • Baluarte (rural)
  • Bannawag Norte (rural)
  • Batal (urban)
  • Buenavista (urban)
  • Cabulay (rural)
  • Calao East (Pob.)
  • Calao West (Pob.)
  • Calaocan (urban)
  • Centro East (Pob.)
  • Centro West (Pob.)
  • Divisoria (rural)
  • Dubinan East (Pob.)
  • Dubinan West (urban)
  • General Malvar (Pob.)
  • Luna (rural)
  • Mabini (Pob.)
  • Nabbuan (rural)
  • Naggasican (rural)
  • Patul (urban)
  • Plaridel (urban)
  • Rizal (urban)
  • Rosario (urban)
  • Sagana (rural)
  • Salvador (rural)
  • San Andres (urban)
  • San Isidro (rural)
  • San Jose (rural)
  • Santa Rosa (rural)
  • Sinili (rural)
  • Sinsayon (urban)
  • Victory Norte (Pob.)
  • Victory Sur (urban)
  • Villa Gonzaga (rural)
  • Villasis (Pob.)

Culture and tourism[edit]

Town center

Majority of the population speaks Ilocano, Tagalog and Ibanag. English is the medium of instruction in schools and is generally understood and spoken especially in the business community.

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Calvary Hills and the Chapel of Transfiguration – located at Dariok Hills, Barangay Balintokatok in Santiago City. The place offers a pilgrimage venue for the Holy Week where life-size Stations of the Cross are presented from the foot of the hill going all the way up to the top where a Chapel was so designed to face the rising sun. The Chapel of Transfiguration offers pilgrims a commanding silence befitting a place of worship and can also be utilized for masses and retreat venues.
  • Balay na Santiago – houses the remnants of the present day urban glory that is Santiago City. The museum showcases a collection of the ethno-linguistic lifestyle of those who made Santiago the melting pot of culture that it is today. It shows a glimpse of the past customs and traditions that have united the multi-race Santiagueños. Balay na Santiago is located at the heart of the city along Miranda Street.
  • Philippines' Tallest Mural (Dubbed as Art ATank) - a plan was made to organize a mural painting activity, which enjoined local artists, musicians, the youth and other volunteers to lend their time and talent in painting a colorful mural on the concrete water tank of Santiago Water District (SANWAD). This concrete water tank has been a landmark in Santiago City since the early 1970s. It is almost 30 meters high, and towers over the whole city, visible from almost anywhere. It was constructed through the help of then Congressman Delfin Albano of the lone district of Isabela, and under the leadership of then Mayor Dodo Miranda. It is envisioned to be part of a one-of-a-kind community celebration which promotes love for art and music, environmental protection, water conservation, appreciation for indigenous culture and the history and origins of Santiago City and its neighboring towns and provinces.[9]

.

Festivals[edit]

  • Pattaraday Festival - Santiago City’s founding anniversary festivity is celebrated every May 1–5 of the year through Pattaradday Festival[10] or dubbed as "Santiago Day". Pattaradday, an Ybanag term means unity. Ybanags are historically said to be the first settlers of the locality. It celebrates the unity of the ethno-linguistic groups that have merged in the city to make it the melting pot of culture of Region II and contributed to the city’s progress and development-unity in action. The festival has already won Hall of Fame in the Search for Best Tourism Event in the Philippines conducted by the Association of Tourism Officers of the Philippines. It features the best of the best festivities participated in by many street dances from all over the country. It also features a unique gathering of the ethno-linguistic groups of the city.
  • Feast of St. James the Apostle (Santiago de Carig) - Celebrated every July 25 of the year is the Feast of Saint James the Apostle, the Patron Saint of the City. It features the life history of the patron saint as it saves the Christians against the Moros through Sarswela and the Grand Batalla of the Moro-Moro, a dance choreography depicting the battle.

Transportation[edit]

Serving as a bridge to the region's provincial network, numerous bus terminals are present in the city. These include, Victory Liner, Nelbusco, Florida among others. By air via Cauayan Airport.

The Santiago City Integrated Terminal has also been established to cater for public vehicles that operate from nearby provinces and localities to the city.

Education[edit]

Notable school institutions located in the city are the University of La Salette and Northeastern College, one of the oldest schools in the region. The Southern Isabela College of Arts and Trades - TESDA is the biggest vocational school operating in the city.

Colleges[edit]

*Southern Isabela Colleges of Arts and Trades (TESDA)

  • STI College Santiago
  • Infant Jesus Montessori School College Department
  • Cagayan Valley Computer and Information Technology College (CVCITC)
  • Superior Institute of Science and Technology
  • Metropolitan School of Science and Technology
  • Santiago City Colleges

High schools[edit]

  • University of La Salette - High School Department
  • Santiago Cultural Institute
  • North Eastern College - High School Dept.
  • Infant Jesus Montessori School
  • Santiago City National High School
  • Cagayan Valley Christian Leading School
  • Children First School
  • Rizal National High School
  • Cabulay National High School
  • Divisoria National High School
  • Patul National High School

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Infant Jesus Montessori School
  • University of La Salette - Grade School
  • Northeastern College - Elementary Department
  • Santiago Cultural Institute
  • School of Saint James the Apostle (Formerly La Salette Elementary)
  • Children First School
  • United Methodist School
  • Santiago Adventist Elementary School(SAES)
  • Cagayan Valley Christian Leading School
  • Alvarez - Ramales School Foundation, Inc. (Santiago Campus)
  • Miracle Christian Academy
  • Isabela Christian School
  • Sacred Vision Learning Center
  • Santiago North Central School SPED Center
  • Little Angels Child Development Center
  • Kiddie Toes Montessori School
  • Wesley Elementary School
  • Galilee Integrated School
  • Santiago North Central School and other North district schools
  • Santiago East Central School and other East district schools
  • Santiago West Central School and other West district schools
  • Santiago South Central School and other South district schools

Media[edit]

Phone services[edit]

Santiago City is served by landline and mobile phone companies like the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) and Digitel Telecommunications (PLDT-Digitel). Major mobile phone providers in the area include Globe, Smart, and Sun Cellular.

Television networks[edit]

FM Stations[edit]

  • Love Radio
  • Hot FM
  • DWMX
  • Radyo Natin
  • Radyo Maria
  • Life Radio (AM)
  • Sonshine Radio (AM)

News programs[edit]

Shopping Center[edit]

Sister Cities and Twin Cities[edit]

local[edit]

international[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: ISABELA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Santiago City Local Government Office". Santiago-City.com Website. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 7160 LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991". The LawPhil Project. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Average High/Low Temperature for Santiago City, Philippines". World Weather Online. Retrieved 5 Nov 2013. 
  7. ^ "Province of Isabela". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Department of Tourism Region 2". Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "ARTaTANK - The Philippines' Tallest Mural in the Making". Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Pattaraday Festival - Araw ng Santiago". Tourism.gov.ph. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 

External links[edit]