|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
|Metro de Santiago|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||5|
|Number of stations||108|
|Daily ridership||2.3 million daily|
|Annual ridership||648.7 million (2012)|
|Website||Metro de Santiago|
|Began operation||15 September 1975|
|Operator(s)||Empresa de Transporte de Pasajeros Metro S.A.|
|System length||103 km (64 mi)|
Metro de Santiago is South America's most extensive metro system with 5 lines, 108 stations, and 103 kilometres (64 mi) of route, making it the second longest in Latin America after that of Mexico City and the fourth largest in the Americas by annual passenger rides. The metro system serves the city of Santiago, Chile. It opened for service in 1975. Three of the lines are rubber-tyred metro. 4-Line and 4A-Line are traditional steel wheels. The system serves around 2,300,000 passengers per day.
Origin and first project
It serves a city of 6 million inhabitants. Since its opening in 1975, el Metro has changed the city; it is one of Chile's most important construction projects. While lines 1, 2, and 5 use rubber tire stock, lines 4 and 4A use steel wheels in order to increase capacity. The rapid growth of the population in the city (in 1920, 507,296 inhabitants; in 1940, 1,073,699 inhabitants) was the principal factor in the birth of the idea. The first plan was in 1944, but only in 1968 did the work begin with the government of President Eduardo Frei Montalva. The construction was highly advanced during Salvador Allende's regime, but the military coup of General Augusto Pinochet delayed the construction and introduced changes in the original plan that was for 5 lines:
- Line 1, between San Pablo and Los Dominicos by the Alameda, Providencia and Apoquindo Avenues.
- Line 2, between Conchalí and San Miguel by Vivaceta, Panamerican Highway and Gran Avenida.
- Line 3, (Under construction, set to open in 2017) between Mapocho and Ñuñoa, by Ahumada and the avenues Matta and Irarrázaval.
- Line 4, between Tobalaba (Providencia) and Puente Alto, to the South
- Line 5, between Maipú and La Florida.
On 15 September 1975, Augusto Pinochet opened the first section of the underground railway between San Pablo and La Moneda on Line 1. Line 2 was opened in 1978 between Los Héroes and Lo Ovalle, and Line 1 was extended to Escuela Militar in 1980. Line 2 was extended to the north and found the remains of the Cal y Canto Bridge (built in 1782 and destroyed in 1880). The extension between Los Héroes and Puente Cal y Canto (former Mapocho Station) was inaugurated in 1987.
The city had changed since 1968 and the plan had to be changed too. La Florida had become the most populous zone of the city, and the Metro needed to go there. Line 5 was built south from Baquedano along Vicuña Mackenna Avenue and was opened in 1997. Line 5 was extended in 2000 to the west and entered the historical centre of the city (Plaza de Armas station), and in 2004 the extensions of Line 2 to the north and south and Line 5 to the west were opened.
In 2002 the construction of Line 4 and Line 4A began, in order to connect Puente Alto and the southeast of the City to the metro system.
Near the end of 2005, President Ricardo Lagos said that the government would start to plan the construction of another extension of line 5. It would reach Maipú, one of the municipalities that is further away from the centre of Santiago.
At the end of 2009, former President Michelle Bachelet announced the construction of Line 6. The new line will connect eight communities with 12 stations over 14.8 kilometres. In October 2010, President Sebastián Piñera announced that Line 3 is in planning. These lines are projected to be in operation by 2016 and 2017 respectively.
Currently, Metro consists of five lines which total 103 kilometres (64 mi) and a total of 108 stations and seven transfer stations: Los Héroes, Baquedano, Santa Ana, Tobalaba, Vicente Valdés, Vicuña Mackenna and La Cisterna. Seven new stations were opened on February 3, 2011.
In 2012, a subway train without passengers derailed and crashed. No injuries were reported.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2013)|
|San Pablo – La Moneda||8,2 km||12||15 Sep 1975||Underground|
|La Moneda- Salvador||3,2 km||5||31 Mar 1977||Underground|
|Los Héroes – Franklin||4,9 km||4||31 Mar 1978||Ground Level|
|Franklin – Lo Ovalle||4.8 km||6||21 Dec 1978||Underground|
|Salvador – Escuela Militar||4,5 km||6||22 Aug 1980||Underground|
|Los Héroes – Puente Cal y Canto||1,7 km||2||15 Sep 1987||Ground level|
|Baquedano – Bellavista de La Florida||10,3 km||11||5 Apr 1997||Viaduct|
|Baquedano – Santa Ana||2,7 km||2||4 Mar 2000||Underground|
|Santa Ana – Quinta Normal||1,9 km||2||31 Mar 2004||Underground|
|Puente Cal y Canto – Cerro Blanco||1,6 km||2||8 Sept, 2004||Underground|
|Lo Ovalle – La Cisterna||2,1 km||2||22 Dec 2004||Underground|
|Cerro Blanco – Einstein||1,9 km||2||25 Nov 2005||Underground|
|Bellavista de La Florida- Vicente Valdés||0,6 km||1||30 Nov 2005||Underground|
|Vicente Valdés – Plaza de Puente Alto||10,9 km||9||30 Nov 2005||Viaduct|
|Tobalaba – Grecia||7,7 km||7||30 Nov 2005||Underground|
|Grecia – Vicente Valdés||6,1 km||5||2 Mar 2006||Ground level|
|Vicuña Mackenna – La Cisterna||7,7 km||6||16 Aug 2006||Ground level|
|Einstein – Vespucio Norte||3,6 km||3||21 Dec 2006||Underground|
|San José de la Estrella||0 km||1||5 Nov 2009||Viaduct|
|Escuela Militar – Los Dominicos||4 km||3||7 Jan 2010||Underground|
|Quinta Normal – Pudahuel||5,8 km||5||12 Jan 2010||Underground|
|Pudahuel – Plaza de Maipú||8 km||7||3 Feb 2011||Viaduct|
|Cerrillos – Los Leones||14,8 km||10||2016||Underground|
|Huechuraba – Monseñor Larraín||21 km||18||2017||Underground|
The Santiago Metro currently operate 6 models of rolling stock, one model (the AS 2002) is steel-wheeled, while the others are all rubber-tyred. The NS 74 and NS 93 stock are based off the MP 73 and MP 89 stock of the Paris Metro respectively, while the NS 2007 stock is based off the NM-02 stock of the Mexico City Metro. All rubber-tyred stock are preceded with the acronym NS (for Neumático Santiago). The number representing each type of rubber-tyred and steel-wheeled rolling stock is the year of design of a particular rolling stock, not year of first use, similar to the practice in the Mexico City Metro and Paris Métro. Also, most train types use forced-air circulation as they are not fitted with air-conditioning, unlike in many other metro systems.
In September 2012, the NS 2012 trains went into service on Line 1. These trains are the first to have air conditioning.
|Model||Manufacturer||Year Built||Operating Lines|
|NS 74||Alstom||1973–1981||Lines 2 & 5|
|NS 88||Concarril||1987||Line 2|
|NS 93||Alstom||1996–2003||Lines 1 & 5|
|AS 2002||Alstom||2004–2010||Lines 4 & 4A|
|NS 2004||Alstom||2006–2007||Line 2|
|NS 2007||CAF||2009–2010||Line 1|
|NS 2012||CAF||2012–Present||Line 1|
In bold are junction stations. In grey are stations currently under construction.
Art in the Metro
Art is quite a present element in the stations. The station Universidad de Chile has a giant mural created by Mario Toral and represents the history of the country. Other pieces of art are in Baquedano (featuring modern art and a concert space), Bellas Artes (multimedia art), Santa Lucía (Portuguese azulejos, a gift made by the Lisbon Metro), La Moneda (with realistic painting representing typical landscape), and various other stations.
Pricing and working hours
Metro is part of Transantiago, the integrated public transport system that serves the capital using also feeder and main bus routes. Transantiago works with an integrated fare system, which allows passengers to make bus-bus or bus-metro transfers on a two-hour time limit from the first trip (maximum of two changes) using a contactless smart card called "Bip! card". Bus-to-bus and metro to bus transfers do not cost extra. Bus-to-metro transfers costs $20 (approx. US$0.04) during Horario Valle (low-use hours) and $80 (approx. US$0.16) during Horario Punta (rush hour).
Bip! cards are available in all the ticketing offices in every station at a cost of $1,350 (approx. US$2.67), with a minimum first charge of $1000 worth of credit (approx. US$2.00). Tickets are sold from 6:00 to 23:00 Monday to Friday, 6:30 to 23:00 on Saturdays, and 8:00 to 22:30 on Sundays and holidays. Cards can be topped up to $20000, and the credit only expires if the card it is not used in two years.
Metro also sells single-trip tickets, but they do not allow transfers to buses. Fares depend on the time of the use of the system. The cost of a ticket in the Horario Punta (rush hour, 7:00–8:59 and 18:00–19:59) is $670 (approx. US$1.32); in the Horario Valle (off-peak hours, 6:30–6:59, 9:00–18:00, 20:00–20:44, and all day on weekends and holidays) is $610 (approximately US$1.21); and in the Horario Bajo (low-use hours, 6:00–6:29 and 20:45–23:00) is $560 (approximately US$1.11). Senior citizens (65 and older) and students holding concession cards pay $190 (US $0.38). Senior concession fare does not apply during rush hours.
On weekdays, the metro operates from 5.35 am until 12.08 am, while on Saturdays it operates from 6.30 am until 12.08 am and on Sundays and public holidays the metro operates from 8 am (Line 1 from 9 am) until 11.48 am.
- List of Latin American rail transit systems by ridership
- List of metro systems
- Rail transport in Chile
- Rubber-tyred metro
- "Guía del Viajero" [Plan Your Journey] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- "MEMORIA ANUAL 2012" [2012 ANNUAL REPORT] (pdf) (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. p. 13. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
- "Corporativa - Historia - Historia de Metro" [Corporate - History - History of Metro] (in Spanish). Metro de Santiago. July 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
- http://www.metrosantiago.cl/guia-viajero/densidad[dead link]
- "Presidenta Bachelet anunció construcción de nueva línea de Metro" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-12-29.
- "Presidente Piñera recorre por primera vez en tren nuevo tramo de Línea 5 de Metro" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- "Derailed train ploughs into homes, cars".
- es:Metro de Santiago
- es:NS 2007
- "Metro de Santiago Price List". Retrieved 10 June 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Santiago Metro.|
- (Spanish) Metro S.A.
- (English) UrbanRail.net/Santiago
- (Spanish) (Russian) Santiago Metro Track Map
- (Spanish) Tarjeta Bip!
- (Spanish) Plan and Authority of Transit of Santiago de Chile, Transantiago
- (Spanish) Santiago Metro in Wikipedia in Spanish