Pinotepa Nacional

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Santiago Pinotepa Nacional)
Jump to: navigation, search
Pinotepa Nacional
Municipality and town
Pinotepa Nacional
Pinotepa Nacional
Official seal of Pinotepa Nacional
Seal
Major cities of Oaxaca
Major cities of Oaxaca
Pinotepa Nacional is located in Mexico
Pinotepa Nacional
Pinotepa Nacional
Major cities of Oaxaca
Coordinates: 16°20′17″N 98°03′01″W / 16.33806°N 98.05028°W / 16.33806; -98.05028Coordinates: 16°20′17″N 98°03′01″W / 16.33806°N 98.05028°W / 16.33806; -98.05028
Country  Mexico
State Oaxaca
Time zone CST (UTC-6)

Pinotepa Nacional (formally: Santiago Pinotepa Nacional; in Mixtec, Ñuu Ñoko, which means Twenty-House Town) is a city and seat of the municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.

It is located in the Jamiltepec District in the west of the Costa Region. The name Pinotepa means "toward the crumbling hill" in Náhuatl.

The town[edit]

During colonial times, its name was Pinotepa del Rey, and just after Independence, it was called Pinotepa del Estado. It is located at a height of 200 m above sea level in the Mixteca de la Costa region of the state.[1]

The region has an interesting history. A high percentage of its population is of African ancestry. There are two historical theories of how this came about. The first is that during the colonial period African slaves were brought to this area to work on the various haciendas here. The second theory is that these people are the descendants of Africans destined for the slave trade whose ship wrecked off the coast of Oaxaca.[2] This is also the home of a notorious bandit by the name of Silverio Petatán, who was captured and executed in 1864. Because of his boss-eye and colourful language, the bandit's head was brought to the town and put on public display for a number of days.[1]

The town has a reputation for being rowdy and full of parties. It is one of the few afromexican areas of the country (African-descendents are also historically present in Guerrero, Sinaloa y Veracruz states). It is also noted for crafts such as knitted items, embroidered items, and, in particular, knives, machetes and saddle-making.[2] It is also the host town for the UTM annual wife hunt event, where lonely desperate men from neighbouring municipalities come to try and charm a spouse with limited Spanish but flashy boots.

The municipality[edit]

As municipal seat, Pinotepa Nacional has governing jurisdiction over the following communities: Acuautepec o Agua de la Caña, Agua Dulce, Antonio García Zamora, Antonio Gazga, Arroyo Seco, Carnicería, Cerro de la Esperanza, Charco del Otate, Collantes, Colonia Cuauhtémoc, Colonia de la Libertad, Colonia UCIDEBACC, Colonia Vicente Guerrero, Corralero, La Cruz del Ita Kuán, El Dispensario, El Añil, El Alacrán, El Azicate, El Carrizal (El Toronjil), El Carrizo, El Ciruelo, El Conejo, El Cuachilote, El Jícaro, El Manguito, El Palomar, El Ranchito, El Retén, El Salado, El Tamal, El Tamarindo 1, El Tamarindo 2, El Tanaroa, El Viscaíno, El Zapote, Fraccionamiento San Isidro, Granja Avícola Delia, Guadalupe Victoria, Hornos los Pajaritos, Isaura Rodríguez, José Miguel Fuentes, La Alberca (Arroyo Limón), La Cañada, La Finca, La Ganadera, La Noria y Minindaca, La Palma, La Palma del Coyul, La Raya, Lagunillas, Las Lomas, Las Playitas, Librado Baños Baños, Lo de Candela, Lo de Mejía, Lo de Riaño, Lo de Vera, Loma Larga, Los Cuajilotes, Los Horcones, Los Hornos Grandes, Los Pocitos, Mancuernas, Mango Solo, Mariano Matamoros, Melquíades A. Vargas, Minillahui, Minitán, Las Motillas, Paso de la Garrocha, Pie del Cerro, Piedra Blanca, Playa Banco de Oro, Rancho de la Virgen, Rancho El Santo, Rancho Ramírez, Rose Mary, San Isidro, Santa María Xicaltepec, Willians, La Yerbasanta, Yutacuiñe, Yutacuite and Yuyaquita

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México, Oaxaca, Santiago asdPinotepa Nacional". Retrieved 2008-02-24. 
  2. ^ a b Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "De la Mixteca a la costa". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca 137: 84–85. 

Pinotepa Nacional Radio Pacífico