Santiago Yaitepec

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Santiago Yaitepec
Municipality and town
Santiago Yaitepec is located in Mexico
Santiago Yaitepec
Santiago Yaitepec
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 16°13′N 97°16′W / 16.217°N 97.267°W / 16.217; -97.267Coordinates: 16°13′N 97°16′W / 16.217°N 97.267°W / 16.217; -97.267
Country  Mexico
State Oaxaca
Area
 • Total 53.58 km2 (20.69 sq mi)
Elevation 1,840 m (6,040 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 3,665
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

Santiago Yaitepec is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico, two kilometers southeast of Santa Catarina Juquila. It is part of the Juquila District in the center of the Costa Region. The name "Yaitepec" means "Three hills".[1]

Environment[edit]

The municipality covers an area of 53.58 km² at an altitude of 1,840 meters above sea level. The terrain is hilly, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre del Sur. The climate is temperate and humid, with an average temperature of 17.9°C and annual rainfall of 1,347.6 mm. Trees include pine, fir, pine, madrone, moral, oak, and alder. Wild fauna include opossum, skunk, armadillo, rabbit, snake and deer.[1]

People[edit]

As of 2005, the municipality had 623 households with a total population of 3,665 of whom 3,137 spoke an indigenous language. 90% of economic activity is related to agriculture, with coffee being the cash crop.[1] Yaitepec is one of the centers of the Chatino people, related to the Zapotec but with a distinct language.[2] The municipality selects its authorities under the Uses and Customs system, which lets indigenous communities conserve their traditional political structure.[3]

Although infrastructure is modern, the Chatino community has maintained its traditional culture. Most of the women wear traditional dress, including colorful skirts and the richly embroidered blouses with unique local designs of bright flowers and animals. The clothes are hand-woven using back strap looms and hand embroidered. The town is "dry": no alcohol is sold.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Santiago Yaitepec". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  2. ^ "Chatino of Oaxaca". Mexican Textiles. Retrieved 2010-07-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Fiesta of Santiago: Annual Fair in Santiago Yaitepec". El Sol de la Costa. Jul 14, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-24.