Santiago de Cuba Province

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Santiago de Cuba Province
Province of Cuba
Santiago de Cuba in Cuba.svg
Country Cuba
Capital Santiago de Cuba
Area[1]
 • Total 6,234.16 km2 (2,407.02 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,047,015
 • Density 170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-226

Santiago de Cuba Province is the second most populated province in the island of Cuba. The largest city Santiago de Cuba is the main administrative center. Other large cities include Palma Soriano, Contramaestre, San Luis and Songo-la Maya.

History[edit]

Santiago de Cuba province has been the site of many battles, both during the war for independence and the 1959 Cuban Revolution, where much of the guerrilla fighting took place in the mountainous province.

Prior to 1976, Cuba was divided into six historical provinces. One of these was Oriente province, which was, prior to 1905, known as Santiago de Cuba province. The present day province comprises the south-central region of Oriente.

Economy[edit]

The province is rich in material resources such as iron and nickel. The economy, however, relies mostly on agriculture, with large plantations growing bananas, cacao, and coffee dotting the landscape. Industry is growing around the capital, as is tourism. The natural beauty of the area is attracting many tourists from both the rest of Cuba and from overseas.

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Population
(2004)
Area
(km²)
Location Remarks
Contramaestre 101,832 610.3 20°18′0″N 76°15′2″W / 20.30000°N 76.25056°W / 20.30000; -76.25056 (Contramaestre)
Guamá 35,516 965 19°58′34″N 76°24′35″W / 19.97611°N 76.40972°W / 19.97611; -76.40972 (Chivirico) Chivirico
Mella 33,667 335.2 20°22′10″N 75°54′39″W / 20.36944°N 75.91083°W / 20.36944; -75.91083 (Mella)
Palma Soriano 124,585 845.8 20°12′51″N 75°59′30″W / 20.21417°N 75.99167°W / 20.21417; -75.99167 (Palma Soriano)
San Luis 88,496 765 20°11′17″N 75°50′55″W / 20.18806°N 75.84861°W / 20.18806; -75.84861 (San Luis)
Santiago de Cuba 472,255 1,023.8 20°02′25″N 75°48′53″W / 20.04028°N 75.81472°W / 20.04028; -75.81472 (Santiago de Cuba) Provincial capital
Segundo Frente 40,885 540 20°24′43″N 75°31′43″W / 20.41194°N 75.52861°W / 20.41194; -75.52861 (Mayarí Arriba) Mayarí Arriba
Songo-La Maya 100,287 721 20°10′24″N 75°38′46″W / 20.17333°N 75.64611°W / 20.17333; -75.64611 (La Maya) La Maya
Tercer Frente 30,457 364 20°10′19″N 76°19′38″W / 20.17194°N 76.32722°W / 20.17194; -76.32722 (Cruce de los Baños) Cruce de los Baños
Source: Population from 2004 Census.[2] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[3]

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the province of Santiago De Cuba had a population of 1,043,202.[2] With a total area of 6,156.44 km2 (2,377.01 sq mi),[4] the province had a population density of 169.4/km2 (439/sq mi).

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Santiago de Cuba Province is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población". Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  3. ^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  4. ^ Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  5. ^ Vacca, Maria Luisa. "Comune di Napoli -Gemellaggi" [Naples - Twin Towns]. Comune di Napoli (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 

External links[edit]