Santo Antão, Cape Verde
|Native name: Sontonton, Santanton or Sintanton
Nickname: Ilha das montanhas (island of the mountains)
|Area||779 km2 (300.8 sq mi)|
|Length||40 km (25 mi)|
|Width||20 km (12 mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,979 m (6,493 ft)|
|Highest point||Topo da Coroa|
|Concelhos (Municipalities)||Paul, Porto Novo, Ribeira Grande|
|Largest city||Porto Novo|
Santo Antão (Portuguese for "Saint Anthony"), or Sontonton in Cape Verdean Creole, is the westernmost and largest of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde. The nearest main island is São Vicente to the southeast, separated by a channel named Canal de São Vicente. It is the westernmost large island in Cape Verde and the continent of Africa, and the second largest in Cape Verde.
The island is entirely made up of volcanic material. The tallest mountain is Topo de Coroa, reaching a height of 1,979 m. The second tallest is Pico da Cruz at 1,585 m. The island is divided into north and south by a mountain range long considered impenetrable but now crossed by a road. The island’s main town is Ponta do Sol on the north coast, home to the Agostinho Neto Airport, while its ferry port is Porto Novo on the south coast. A part of the island in the southeast has an arid climate, while the northwest receives relatively normal precipitation. Its valleys are suffering heavy erosion.
Bathing beaches and fishing areas are found in near Tarrafal de Monte Trigo.
- Ribeira do Passo, near Passo
- Ribeira das Bras, near Ribeira das Bras
Mountains and volcanoes
The island is considered one of the most mountainous of Cape Verde. Its mountains are composed of basalt. Many of its volcanoes are young, especially its calderas. Since 1999, vulcanologists have observed continuous rising of the water temperature of the sea in the area of Ponta do Sol which may indicate the risk of a new eruption in the area.
- Pau Seco (around 950 m)
The island was discovered in 1462 by Diogo Afonso, but was not given its current name until around the 16th century. First inhabited in 1548, in the 17th century, people from the other islands of Santiago and Fogo along with people from northern Portugal arrived in today's Vila da Ribeira Grande in the northern part of the island. Later, wine and coffee became the most important exports on the island.
Fishing and agriculture are the main industries on the island.
The exportation of many of the island's agriculture products to other islands has been prohibited for nearly two decades because of the millipede (Spinotarsus caboverdus) blight, but the government has announced it is going to lift the quarantine.
Tourism is becoming one of the most dominant industries on the island. There has been some investment in Rural tourism infrastructures.
The island is divided in three municipalities:
The island was a single municipality until 1990 (Old ISO 3166-2 code:
CV-SA) when it broke up into the three present-day municipalities.
Parishes and settlements
- Alto Mira
- Chã das Furnas
- Curral da Russa
- Eito de Baixo
- Lomba dos Pombas
- Lomba de Santo
- Monte Trigo
- Nossa Senhora do Livramento - parish
- Nossa Senhora do Rosário - parish
- Ponta do Sol
- Porto Novo (pop: 14,731)
- Ribeira da Cruz
- Ribeira das Bras
- Ribeira Grande
- Santo António das Pombas - parish
- Santo Crucifixo - parish
- São João Baptista - parish
- São Pedro Apóstolo - parish
- Tarrafal de Monte Trigo
- Estóra de Tipêde i Tilôbe ("Ti Pedro and Ti Lobo" traditional story) by Luís Romano de Madeira Melo
- Jorge Ferreira Chaves (1920–1982), Portuguese architect
- Domingos Lima Costa, violinist
- Gabriel Costa (Nho Kzick), violinist (f. 2005)
- Gabriel Mariano, essayist, novelist and poet
- Luís Romano de Madeira Melo, composer
- Manuel de Novas, songwriter
- Roberto Duarte Silva (1837–1889), chemist
- Antoninho Travadinha, violinist
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Santo Antão (Cape Verde).|
- Agriculture producers from Santo Antão can now export to Sal and Boa Vista, A Semana online, 9 January 2008