Santo Stefano, Bologna
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
The basilica of Santo Stefano (Italian: Basilica di Santo Stefano) can be said to encompass a complex of religious edifices in the city of Bologna, Italy. Located in the eponymous square, it is locally known as Sette Chiese ("Seven Churches") and Santa Gerusalemme ("Holy Jerusalem").
According to tradition, it was built by Saint Petronius, who was bishop of the city during the 5th century, over a temple of the goddess Isis. The saint wished to have a building that recalled the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Forming part of the complex are:
- Church of San Giovanni Battista or of Santo Crocefisso (8th century)
- Basilica of the Santo Sepolcro (5th century)
- Basilica of Santi Vitale ed Agricola (4th century, rebuilt first in 12th century)
- Santo Giardino or Courtyard of Pilate (13th century)
- Church of the Trinity or of the Martyrium (13th century)
- Church della Benda
Pilate's Courtyard recalls the lithostrotos, where Jesus was condemned and leads to the Church of the Sepulchre. In the center, a basin called the "Catino di Pilato": is a lombard work from 737-744 with the following inscription:
« + UMILIB(US) VOTA SUSCIPE D(OMI)NE D(OM)N(ORUM) N(OST)R(ORUM) LIUTPRAN(TE) ILPRAN(TE) REGIB(US) ET D(OM)N(O) BARBATU EPISC(OPO) S(AN)C(TE) HECCL(ESIE) B(O)N(ONIEN)S(I)S. HIC I(N) H(ONOREM) R(ELIGIOSI) SUA PRAECEPTA OBTULERUNT, UNDE HUNC VAS IMPLEATUR IN CENAM D(OMI)NI SALVAT(ORI)S, ET SI QUA MUN(ER)A C(UISQUAM) MINUERIT, D(EU)S REQ(UIRET) »
Under the portico at the center of a window on a column in a 14th-century sculpted rooster, called the Rooster of St Peter and recalls the biblical story of Saint Peter's denial.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to:|
- Bologna: Le nuove guide Oro, page 166, Touring Club Italiano, Touring Editore, 2004, ISBN 8836530079, ISBN 9788836530076.
|This article about a church building or other Christian place of worship in Italy is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|