Santo Stefano d'Aveto
|Santo Stefano d'Aveto|
|Comune di Santo Stefano d'Aveto|
Santo Stefano d'Aveto
|Frazioni||Ascona, Pian D'Aveto, Pievetta, Pareto, Torrini, Allegrezze, Caselle, Cornaleto, Costapelata, Gramizza, La Villa, Amborzasco, Casoni D'Amborzasco, Montegrosso, Monte Penna, Alpicella, Casafredda, Gavadi, Pian Pendini, Villaneri|
|• Mayor||Cristoforo Campomenosi|
|• Total||55.4 km2 (21.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,012 m (3,320 ft)|
|Population (Dec. 2004)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Madonna of Guadalupe|
|Saint day||First Sunday after August 15|
Santo Stefano d'Aveto is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) northeast of Genoa, in the Val d'Aveto, near the Aveto river. The town is part of the Comunità montana Valli Aveto, Graveglia e Sturla, and is one of five Ligurian towns in the Aveto Natural Regional Park.
The town was likely founded during prehistoric times, and the first mention of this town was during the 2nd century BC, where at the foot of Monte Penna a battle between the Romans and Ligurians took place. In the 12th century AD, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa conferred the fief of Santo Stefano d'Aveto upon the Malaspina family, who then constructed the ponderous castle. The fief were then passed on to the Fieschi family and later to the Doria family, all related by an elaborate intermarriage network of noble families.
- Malaspina Castle (13th century), currently in ruin, but undergoing limited restoration. The castle is located off the central piazza of the town, and features a highly irregular polygonal base.
- The sanctuary of the Our Lady of Guadalupe is the town church, on the grounds of which is found the town cemetery. Among the relics it holds is a bronze medallion of Christopher Columbus mounted on the main door. The present church was founded in 1929.
- Monte Maggiorasca (1,799 m)
- Monte Bue (1,777 m)
- Monte Penna (1,735)
- Monte Tomarlo (1,602 m)
- Groppo Rosso (1,594 m)
- First Sunday after Ferragosto (15 August): Patron Saint feast "Madonna di Guadalupe"
- 2 September: Fair of St. Mary Magdalene
- 5 October: Fair of St. Francis
The town was given the honor of "Orange Flag" in 2006 by the Italian Touring Club, a symbol of superior quality for tourism, and awarded only to smaller inland communities to distinguish these towns for excellence and hospitality. The town is best known as a launch site for trekking or hiking, horse riding, and skiing.
The local mountains are a favorite destination for recreational skiing.
San Stè cheese
"San Stè" is a traditional cheese made in this town. This cheese is a far cry from the mass-produced confections found in the grocery store. It is produced by a small collection of families, and made in the identical fashion for centuries. The cheese itself is produced from unpasteurized bovine whole milk principally from the Bruno-alpina or Cabannina cattle races, coagulated with veal rennet, either in paste or powder form, at about 35 °C (95 °F), mixing for 35 minutes, breaking apart large curds until the mixture is curdled to the size of rice. Salt is also added to the curd.
The mixture is then placed in a round form measuring 10 centimetres (3.9 in) high and 13 to 15 centimetres (5.1 to 5.9 in) in diameter. The cheese in this form weighs about 8 to 12 kilograms (18 to 26 lb). The crust is thin, elastic, compact, and edible. Inside, the cheese has a yellowish color like wheat. After aging for about two months, the cheese is ready for the table, and provides a delicate flavor, slightly bitter, becoming more intense with greater aging.
Mushrooms, gathered in the wild, are a very popular delicacy of the town. There exists a long-standing tradition among the men in the town to hunt and gather mushrooms, but to never reveal the source. This tradition, however, has received the attention of the government, and the gathering of mushrooms is now strictly regulated.
Another prominent use of the local, winding roads is the Val d'Aveto Rally, featuring automobile races annually since 1975.
- Economic data on Santo Stefano d'Aveto
- (Italian) Val d'Aveto
- (Italian) Official site of the Town of Santo Stefano d'Aveto
- (Italian) Services, details, and links to Santo Stefano d'Aveto
- (Italian) Specialty cheese of Santo Stefano d'Aveto
- (Italian) Malaspina Castle in Santo Stefano d'Aveto
- (Italian) The Church of St. Stephen Martyr in Santo Stefano d'Aveto