Santok

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Santok
Village
Santok village1.jpg
Coat of arms of Santok
Coat of arms
Santok is located in Poland
Santok
Santok
Coordinates: 52°44′N 15°25′E / 52.733°N 15.417°E / 52.733; 15.417
Country Poland Poland
Voivodeship Lubusz
County Gorzów County
Gmina Santok
Area 168.3 km2 (65.0 sq mi)
Population (2006) 780
 • Density 4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Postal Code 66-431
Area Code (+48) 95
Vehicle registration FGW
Website www.santok.pl

Santok [ˈsantɔk] (German: Zantoch) is a village in Gorzów County, Lubusz Voivodeship, in western Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Santok.[1]

Geography[edit]

It is located at the confluence of the Noteć and Warta rivers, approximately 12 km (7 mi) east of Gorzów Wielkopolski. The village now has a population of 780.

History[edit]

A first fortified settlement at the site was founded in the late 7th century. Santok is mentioned in the 12th century as "barbican and key" (Latin: clavem et terris custodiam) to the Polish kingdom at the border with the Duchy of Pomerania in the Gesta principum Polonorum chronicle by Gallus Anonymus.

Santok watchtower, 1936 reconstruction

Re-established by Duke Bolesław I Chrobry in the days of the medieval Piast dynasty, Santok became an important border fortress of Greater Poland and seat of a castellany. An attack by Duke Barnim I of Pomerania in 1251 was repelled. During the 13th century however, the strategically important hill fort became the object of claims raised by the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg, who intended to enlarge their territories in the Neumark region east of the Oder river. Upon the marriage of Margrave Conrad of Brandenburg-Stendal with Constance, daughter of the deceased Duke Przemysł I of Greater Poland, in 1260, Santok passed to the margraviate as part of her dowry. Once again reconquered by the Polish duke Przemysł II, it finally was incorporated by Brandenburg upon his death in 1296.

The Polish king Casimir III the Great temporarily occupied Santok from 1365; still after his death in 1370, the title of a castellan was awarded by the Polish monarchs until the late 18th century. Within the Brandenburg Neumark region, the fortress lost its importance in favour of nearby Landsberg. It was devastated by Hussite troops in the course of the Polish–Teutonic War in 1433.

According to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement and the implementation of the Oder-Neisse line, Santok fell from Germany to Poland (see Territorial changes of Poland after World War II).

References[edit]

Coordinates: 52°44′N 15°25′E / 52.733°N 15.417°E / 52.733; 15.417