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Santolina chamaecyparissus.jpg
Santolina chamaecyparissus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Genus: Santolina
Type species
Santolina chamaecyparissus L.

See text.
Source: ING,[1] UniProt[2] IPNI[3]

Santolina is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean.[4] Between five and 24 species are accepted by different authorities.[citation needed]

They are small evergreen shrubs growing 10–60 cm (4–24 in) tall. The leaves are simple and minute in some species, or pinnate, finely divided in other species, often densely silvery hairy, and usually aromatic. The composite flowerheads are yellow or white, produced in dense globose capitulae 1–2 cm in diameter, on top of slender stems held 10–25 cm (4–10 in) above the foliage. There are no ray florets.[4]

Santolina species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix santolinella (feeds exclusively on S. chamaecyparissus) and the Coleophora case-bearers C. albicella (recorded on S. chamaecyparissus), C. involucrella (feeds exclusively on Santolina spp) and C. santolinella (feeds exclusively on S. chamaecyparissus).[citation needed]

Selected species[edit]

Source: E+M,[5] UniProt[2]


  1. ^ "Santolina". Index Nominum Genericorum. International Association for Plant Taxonomy. 1996-02-09. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  2. ^ a b UniProt. "Genus Santolina". Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  3. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  4. ^ a b RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. "Details for: Santolina". Euro+Med PlantBase. Free University of Berlin. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Santolina at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Santolina at Wikispecies