Santolina

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Santolina
Santolina chamaecyparissus.jpg
Santolina chamaecyparissus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Anthemideae[1]
Genus: Santolina
L.
Type species
Santolina chamaecyparissus
L.
Synonyms[1]

Chamomilla (Hall) Gray

Santolina is a genus of plants in the chamomile tribe within the sunflower family, primarily from the western Mediterranean region.[2][3]

They are small evergreen shrubs growing 10–60 cm (4–24 in) tall. The leaves are simple and minute in some species, or pinnate, finely divided in other species, often densely silvery hairy, and usually aromatic. The composite flowerheads are yellow or white, produced in dense globose capitulae 1–2 cm in diameter, on top of slender stems held 10–25 cm (4–10 in) above the foliage. There are no ray florets.[4]

Santolina species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bucculatrix santolinella (feeds exclusively on S. chamaecyparissus) and the Coleophora case-bearers C. albicella (recorded on S. chamaecyparissus), C. involucrella (feeds exclusively on Santolina spp) and C. santolinella (feeds exclusively on S. chamaecyparissus).[citation needed]

Species[1][5]
  1. Santolina africana Jord. & Fourr. - Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
  2. Santolina benthamiana Jord. & Fourr. - France, Spain
  3. Santolina canescens Lag. - Spain
  4. Santolina chamaecyparissus L. - from Spain to Ireland + Turkey
  5. Santolina corsica Jord. & Fourr. - Corsica
  6. Santolina decumbens Mill. - France, Spain
  7. Santolina etrusca (Lacaita) Marchi & D'Amato - Toscana, Umbria, Lazio
  8. Santolina insularis (Gennari ex Fiori) Arrigoni - Sardinia
  9. Santolina magonica (O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts.) Romo - Balearic Islands
  10. Santolina melidensis (Rodr.Oubiña & S.Ortiz) Rodr.Oubiña & S.Ortiz - Spain
  11. Santolina neapolitana Jord. & Fourr. - Campania
  12. Santolina oblongifolia Boiss. - Spain
  13. Santolina pectinata Lag. - Algeria, Morocco, Spain
  14. Santolina pinnata Viv. - Toscana
  15. Santolina semidentata Hoffmanns. & Link - Spain, Portugal
  16. Santolina tinctoria Molina - Chile
  17. Santolina villosa Mill. - France, Spain
  18. Santolina virens Mill. - France, Spain, Britain, Germany, Abruzzo, Ukraine, Crimea
formerly included

numerous species formerly regarded as members of Santolina but now judged better suited to other genera: Achillea Athanasia Anthemis Calea Cladanthus Helenium Isocarpha Lasiospermum Lonas Matricaria Oedera Porophyllum Salmea Tanacetum

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 842-843 in Latin
  3. ^ Tropicos, Santolina L.
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Santolina includes photos + distribution maps

External links[edit]

Media related to Santolina at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Santolina at Wikispecies