Santos Gutiérrez

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Gutiérrez and the second or maternal family name is Prieto.
Santos Gutiérrez
Santos Gutiérrez.jpg
1872 oil painting by Ramón Torres Méndez
7th President of the United States of Colombia
In office
April 1, 1868 – April 1, 1870
Preceded by Santos Acosta
Succeeded by Eustorgio Salgar
Member of the Executive Ministry of the United States of Colombia
In office
February 9, 1863 – May 14, 1863
Serving with Eustorgio Salgar, José Hilario López, Froilan Largacha, and Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
Preceded by Provisionary Office*
Succeeded by Provisionary Office*
19th President of the Sovereign State of Cundinamarca
In office
January 1, 1864 – January 18, 1865
Preceded by Alejo Morales
Succeeded by Rafael Mendoza
4th President of the Sovereign State of Boyacá
In office
1861–1862
Preceded by David Torres
Succeeded by Pedro Cortés Holguin
Personal details
Born José Santos Gutiérrez Prieto
(1820-10-24)October 24, 1820
El Cocuy, Boyacá, Colombia
Died February 6, 1872(1872-02-06) (aged 51)
Bogotá, Cundinamarca, United States of Colombia
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Ana Deodata Bernal (1849-?)
Hermelina Concha (1869-1872)
Alma mater National University of Colombia
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Nickname(s) Tuso Gutiérrez,
Colombian Garibaldi
Allegiance Colombia (Liberal Party)
Service/branch National Army of Colombia
Rank General
Commands Army Chief of Staff
Battles/wars War of the Supremes
Colombian Civil War (1860–1862)
*This was a provisional office position. See the preceding executive office’s officeholder Francisco Javier Zaldúa, and the replacing executive office’s officeholder Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera.

José Santos Gutiérrez Prieto was a Colombian statesman and soldier, who became president of the Sovereign State of Boyacá, and later elected as president of the United States of Colombia for the term of 1868-1870.[1]

Biographic data[edit]

Gutiérrez was born in the town of El Cocuy, Boyacá, on October 24, 1820.[1] He died in Bogotá, Cundinamarca, on February 6, 1872.[2]

Early life[edit]

Gutiérrez’ family moved to Bogotá in order to provide him with adequate and high education. Gutiérrez completed his high school education in the Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé, where he later studied jurisprudence and obtained his lawyer degree.[1]

Military career[edit]

In 1851, Gutiérrez entered the military academy and demonstrated an amazing talent and ability. His first action in combat was during the war against the administration of General José María Melo in 1854, in which he saved the life of General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera. After his heroic performance in the battlefield he was ascended to the rank of General.[3]

Later, in 1859, Gutiérrez leads the troops of General Mosquera in the province of Santander (today Department of Santander), during the civil war against the administration of President Mariano Ospina Rodríguez. In the battle of “La Concepción”, on August 29, 1860, he is wounded in action while, once again, saving the life of General Mosquera.[3]

Political career[edit]

After the civil war of 1859-1860, Gutiérrez is appointed, first, Governor of the province of Boyacá (1861-1862) and later, Governor of the province of Cundinamarca (1864-1865).[3]

The revolutionary army of General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera defeated the Constitutional Army of Colombia and after the presidential term of Mariano Ospina Rodríguez, on April 1, 1861, proclaimed himself as president. General Mosquera permits the Constitutional Congress or "Convención de Rionegro" to assemble, and General Gutiérrez participated in it as delegate on his own recognizance.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 85; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
  2. ^ Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 88; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
  3. ^ a b c d Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 86; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983