|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2008)|
|Traded as||ASX: STO|
|Founded||18 March 1954|
|Headquarters||60 Flinders Street
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
|Key people||David Knox, CEO|
|Revenue||A$2.762 billion (2008)|
|Net income||A$1.65 billion (2008)|
Santos Ltd. is a large Australian oil and gas exploration company. Its name is an acronym for South Australia Northern Territory Oil Search.
Santos is Australia's largest domestic gas producer, supplying sales gas to all mainland Australian states and territories, ethane to Sydney, and oil and liquids to domestic and international customers. The company's core business was built on gas and oil discoveries in the Cooper Basin, predominantly spanning north-east South Australia and South West Queensland. These gas reserves are the main source of natural gas to Australia's eastern states. Santos is the primary venture partner and operator of natural gas processing facilities at Moomba (in South Australia) and Ballera (in Queensland), and pipelines connecting those facilities with Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Rockhampton and Mount Isa.
Santos also loads product onto small Cape vessels at Port Bonython in South Australia.
The company also participates in on- and off-shore oil and gas exploration and production ventures throughout Australia, in the Timor Gap, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, India, Bangladesh, Egypt, Vietnam and Kyrgyzstan.
Santos has an interest in the Darwin LNG project, exporting liquefied natural gas to customers in Japan. It is also developer of the Gladstone LNG project in Queensland and is a partner in the PNG LNG project.
Santos's production for 2008 was 54.4 million barrels (8,650,000 m3) of oil equivalent. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortizations and exploration expenses for the period was A$2.8 billion, representing after tax profit of A$1.65 billion. In mid-2006, it had a market capitalization of A$8.7 billion, making it one of Australia's top 30 companies.
Sidoarjo mud flow
In May 2006, the Sidoarjo mud flow disaster occurred in East Java, Indonesia. Controversy exists surrounding the probable cause of the disaster which has displaced approximately 10,000 people and covered villages, farms and industrial areas with mud. The eruption is ongoing, though since 2011 the rate of flow has reduced.
As of 2013, the contended probable causes are: drilling for oil and gas, an earthquake with its epicenter some 250 km distant or a combination of the two.
Santos owned an 18 percent stake in the project which was drilling in the area at the time, under the control of PT Lapindo Brantas and in partnership with private Indonesian oil and gas company MedcoEnergi (50% and 32% stakeholders respectively). Santos' stake in the project was sold to Minarak Labuan, the owner of PT Lapindo Brantas in December of 2008. Labuan also received a payment from Santos of $US22.5 million ($A33.9 million) "to support long-term mud management efforts". The amount was covered by existing provision for costs relating to the incident. Santos had provisioned for $US79 million ($A119.3 million) in costs associated with the disaster.
Santos had stated in June 2006 that it maintained "appropriate insurance coverage for these types of occurrences".
Port Bonython groundwater contamination
In May 2008, groundwater contamination was reported to the Environment Protection Authority (EPA) following detection at Santos' Port Bonython site, Spencer Gulf, South Australia. Hydrocarbons were found floating on and in the groundwater. 150 inspection wells were later established, and a 450m long cement bentonite wall was constructed 'to stop the further spread of contamination off-site' including to the marine environment. In May 2012, Santos reported declining rates of hydrocarbon recovery from groundwater extraction wells and claimed that their remediation efforts were working.
Jackson oil spill
In May 2013, an uncontrolled oil spill was reported in Santos' Zeus field near Jackson in Queensland's remote south-west. The flow lasted 'almost a week' before international experts were able to contain it. The rate of flow was estimated at 50,000 litres per day.
Santos sponsors many community activities, events and projects in jurisdictions where they operate commercially.
In South Australia
- Adelaide Symphony Orchestra
- Botanic Gardens of Adelaide
- Come Out Festival (2009) - People's Puppets Project, Whyalla
- OzAsia Festival
- RiAus - 5 million AUD foundation partner
- Santos Conservation Centre at the Adelaide Zoo
- Santos Stadium athletics venue
- Santos Tour Down Under UCI World Tour cycling event
- University of Adelaide - Australian School of Petroleum - 25 million AUD over 10 years
- "Santo Reports 2008 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Results". OilVoice. 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
- "Santos". OilVoice. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
- "Sidoarjo Mudflow Erupting at Slower Rate, but No End in Sight, Govt Says" Jakarta Globe 2011-05-09. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
- "Mud disaster -Santos no more liable,sells project stake" Industrysearch.com.au 2008-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
- Port Bonython - Menard Bachy Menard Bachy (2010-08-24). Accessed 2013-12-27.
- Further contamination at Santos' Port Bonython facility Environment Protection Authority (2010-11-18). Accessed 2013-12-27.
- "Santos says oil-leak clean-up working" ABC News 2012-05-09. Accessed 2013-12-27.
- "Santos confirms uncontrolled leak at oil and gas well in Queensland's remote southwest" News.com.au 2013-05-20. Accessed 2013-12-27.
- South Australian Government - Environment Department "Botanic Gardens of Adelaide - About Us - Our Partners" Retrieved 2013-11-25.
- "Come Out Festival for Young People" Santos, South Australia (2009). Retrieved 2014-01-21.
- OzAsia Festival website (accessed 2013.11.01)
- RiAus.org.au Accessed 2014-01-22.
- "Establishing another champion of exploration and discovery" Santos Ltd (2009). Retrieved 2014-01-22.
- The University of Adelaide "Australian School of Petroleum | Sponsors" Retrieved 2013-11-2
- "Santos backs Queensland Art Gallery for five years" Santos (2009-11-24). Retrieved 2014-01-22.