|This article does not cite any references or sources. (June 2012)|
Santosh (Nepali :सन्तोष Hindi: संतोष, Marathi: संतोष), also spelled as Santhosh, is a common Hindu male name also used by Christians and Sikhs. The feminine form is Santoshi (or Santosh with the suffix Kaur for Sikhs). Santosh is derived from the Sanskrit word "Santōṣa" or Santosha, and means "contentment." It is the second of the five yogic principles (Niyama) as listed by Patanjali and provides a foundation for selfless living, wisdom and peace of mind.
Other meanings of the word Santosh are "Satisfaction", "Gratification" or "Happiness". (The Sanskrit word Atōṣa or Atosha means discontented while Ashutosh from Ashu (quickly, immediately, fast) + tōṣa (meaning satisfaction, pleasure, delight) means "one who is quickly satisfied". In South Indian languages, Santosh often means happiness. Depending on the region of usage, the variants of Santosh are "Santhosham", "Santhoshi", "Santhosha" ,"Santoshi" or Santokhi.
In some parts of the country, people name their children "Santhosh" in devotion to Goddess Santoshi Mata. It is common practice in India to keep a Santoshi Mata Vratham (fasting) to please the Goddess. It is so believed that fasting and praying for her for 16 consecutive Fridays brings peace and prosperity in one's family.