Sanya Dharmasakti

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Professor
Sanya Dharmasakt
MPCh MWM PC NR PrC
สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์
Sanya Dharmasakti.jpg
President of the Privy Council of Thailand
In office
December 5, 1975 – September 4, 1998
Preceded by Det Sanitwong
Succeeded by Prem Tinsulanonda
12th
Prime Minister of Thailand
In office
October 14, 1973 – February 26, 1975
Monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej
Preceded by Thanom Kittikachorn
Succeeded by Seni Pramoj
Personal details
Born (1907-04-05)5 April 1907
Thonburi, Thailand
Died 6 January 2002(2002-01-06) (aged 94)
Bangkok, Thailand
Nationality Thai
Spouse(s) Pa-nga Dharmasakti
Profession Lawyer
Signature

Sanya Dharmasakti (Thai: สัญญา ธรรมศักดิ์, RTGS: Sanya Thammasak, pronunciation:  [sǎn.jaː tʰam.má.sàk], 5 April 1907 – 6 January 2002) was a Thai jurist, university professor and politician. He served as the 12th Prime Minister of Thailand from 1973 to 1975.

Sanya Dharmasakti was one of the most influential figures in the politics of Thailand. He served as the president of the Supreme Court (1968-1973) and was dean of the faculty of law and chancellor of Thammasat University during the democracy movement of October 1973. When the "Three Tyrants" fled leaving the country leaderless, Sanya was appointed Prime Minister by Royal Command (establishing a precedent exercised only three times since for appointment of Prime Ministers.) Sanya served a second consecutive term by a House Resolution for a combined total of 1 year, 124 days. Sanya appointed a drafting committee for the 1974 constitution, served as vice president of the constitutional congress, and was requested by his Majesty to serve as the president of the Privy Council.

Family background[edit]

Sanya Dharmasakti was born on Friday 5 April 1907 in Thonburi province, in central Thailand. His father was the high ranking buddhist scholar Mahamtree and abbot, Dhammasarnvetvisetpakdee Srisattayawatta Phiriyapaha or Thongdee Dharmasakti. His mother was Shuen Dharmmasarnvet. Sanya married Pa-nga Dharmasakti, also known as Phenchart. They had two sons, named Chartsak and Jakatham. Sanya Dharmasakti died at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok on 6 January 2002.

Education[edit]

Sanya Dharmasakti went to Assumption College in 1914 and finished high school while majoring in English in 1925. He went to the law school of the Ministry of Justice for three years, graduating in 1928. He got the highest score and received the Rapheeboonnithi scholarship. This scholarship allowed him to study law in England at the Middle Temple for three years. He was called to the English Bar in 1932.

Royal decorations[edit]

Sanya received the following royal decorations in the Honours System of Thailand:

Preceded by
Thanom Kittikachorn
Prime Minister of Thailand
1973-1975
Succeeded by
Seni Pramoj
Preceded by
Det Sanitwong
President of the Privy Council of Thailand
1975-1998
Succeeded by
Prem Tinsulanonda